Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Carnal aspect of crucifixion - Tony Mariot

90 views

Published on

Rome
Matthew 27:29-46, Mark 15: 16-39, Luke 23:33-47, John 19: 16-36
Crucifixion first began among the Persians., Alexander the Great introduced the practice to Egypt, the Romans learned it from the Carthaginians during the Punic Wars, a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from
264 BC to 146 BC.

Published in: Education
  • People used to laugh at me behind my back before I was in shape or successful. Once I lost a lot of weight, I was so excited that I opened my own gym, and began helping others. I began to get quite a large following of students, and finally, I didn't catch someone laughing at me behind my back any longer. CLICK HERE NOW ▲▲▲ https://tinyurl.com/1minweight4u
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Be the first to like this

Carnal aspect of crucifixion - Tony Mariot

  1. 1. The Carnal Aspect of the Crucifixion of Christ Dr. Tony Mariot
  2. 2. Matthew 27:29-46, Mark 15: 16-39, Luke 23:33-47, John 19: 16-36 Crucifixion first began among the Persians., Alexander the Great introduced the practice to Egypt, the Romans learned it from the Carthaginians during the Punic Wars, a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC. A tribute Alexander sarcophagus from Sidon Istanbul - Museum Turkey His actual remains are thought to be in the Oasis of Siwa in Egypt Rome
  3. 3. • Roman crucifixion was usually reserved for slaves, foreigners and criminals. • Roman law usually protected Roman citizens from crucifixion, except in the case of desertion by soldiers. • People were crucified naked, not with loin clothes, part of the experience was humiliation. Roman Crucifixion
  4. 4. Women were crucified in rare occasions, as recorded in the writings of Josephus' Antiquities (18.79f), • A Roman woman was crucified under Tiberius. • A woman named Blandina, during the persecutions of Christians in Lyons was crucified upside-down, and scourged naked, found in Eusebius of Caesarea writings (H.E. V.1.55.) Women Crucified
  5. 5. In its earliest form of crucifixion, the victim was either tied to a tree or was tied to or impaled on an upright post Persians - 550–330 BC, Carthaginians - 814-146 BC, and Macedonians - 808–399 BC. Persian Crucifixion
  6. 6. A true cross was characterized by an upright post (stipes) and a horizontal crossbar (patibulum), which had several variations. Roman Crucifixion
  7. 7. Crucifixion practices varied in a given geographic region, and in accordance with the imagination of the executioners • Crucifixion was typically carried out by specialized teams, consisting of a commanding centurion and four soldiers. • The attending Roman guards could only leave the site after the victim had died • The Romans would precipitate death by deliberate fracturing of the tibia and/or fibula, • Spear stab wounds into the heart • Sharp blows to the front of the chest, or a smoking fire built at the foot of the cross to asphyxiate the victim. • Some victims suffered a stick forced upwards through their groin Variations Gibbeting St Andrews cross 60AD Tau Cross
  8. 8. Archaeological and historical evidence, indicates that the low Tau cross was used by the Romans in Palestine at the time of Christ. A titulus, or small sign, stating the victim’s crime was usually placed on a staff, carried at the front of the procession from the prison, and later nailed to the cross so that it extended above the head. The Cross used on Jesus
  9. 9. The Jews had an ancient law prohibiting more than forty lashes. The Roman legionnaire used a flagrum, a short whip consisting of several heavy, leather thongs with two small balls of lead attached near the ends of each, called a cat of nine tails. The thongs cut through the skin, then they cut deeper into the subcutaneous tissues, producing an oozing of blood from the capillaries and veins of the skin, and arterial bleeding from vessels in the underlying muscles.  The skin of the back is hanging in long ribbons and the entire area is an unrecognizable mass of torn, bleeding tissue. Scourging
  10. 10. Resulting Condition • Produces orthostatic hypotension - delayed constriction of the lower bodies blood vessels, • Blood pools in the blood vessels of the legs and less is returned to the heart, leading to a reduced cardiac output.. • Hypovolemic shock, decreased blood volume in the body; more specifically, decrease in volume of blood plasma..   The scourging and mocking of Jesus lasted until 9 AM, the Roman soldiers put Jesus' clothes back on him and then lead him and the two thieves to Galgotha to be crucified.
  11. 11. Crown of Thorns The guards place a crown of thorns on Jesus' head both to cause him pain and to mock him. Matthew 27:29, Mark 15:17 and John 19:2, 5) This was a direct fulfillment of biblical prophecy Isaiah 53:5 “But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.”
  12. 12. Jesus could not carry the patibulum from the Praetorium of the Fortress Antonia, the seat of government of the Procurator of Judea, Pontius Pilate to the site of crucifixion, one third of a mile away - (600 to 650 meters). Cross Beam or Whole Cross Not Like This patibulum
  13. 13. • An entire cross weighed 300 lbs, the crossbeam or patibulum weighed 100 lbs, no person could carry an entire cross. • The Stipe’s were permanently embedded in the ground. • Simon of Cyrene was ordered to carry Christ's crossbeam, and the processional then made its way to Golgotha (or Calvary) the crucifixion site. (Luke 23:26, 33, Matthew 27:32)
  14. 14. • When the victim was thrown to the ground on his back, his scourging wounds most likely would become torn open again and contaminated with dirt. • With each respiration, the wounds would be scraped against the rough wood of the stipes. As a result, blood loss from the back probably would continue throughout the crucifixion ordeal. Nailing to the Cross
  15. 15. • Customarily the wrist is considered to be a part of the hand. The iron spikes were driven between the radius, ulna and the two rows of carpal bones which produce no fractures. The driven nail would crush or sever the large sensorimotor median nerve. The stimulated nerve would produce excruciating bolts of fiery pain in both arms. Hands or Wrist
  16. 16. • Nails driven through the palms will strip out between the fingers when made to support the weight of the human body. • With arms outstretched but not taut, the wrists were nailed to the patibulum. • The ligaments and bones of the wrist can support the weight of a body hanging from them, but the palms cannot. • The Greek word for hands is “cheir” • There is no Greek word for “wrists” in the New Testament because thy are considered the same Wrist
  17. 17. The left foot is pressed backward against the right foot on the sedile, and with both feet extended, toes down, a nail is driven through the arch of each, leaving the knees moderately flexed. The nails for the feet were (4.5 inches long) Nailing the Feet Sedile
  18. 18. Titulus The titulus was attached above Jesus' head which was written in 3 languages, Hebrew, Greek and Latin (John 19: 20). Note; The Latin cross has the patibulum a third part down from the top of the cross, the Tau its at the top.
  19. 19. Titulus Crucis Latin for "Title of the Cross" is a piece of wood claimed to be a relic of the True Cross, its kept in the church of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme, Rome, which was founded in AD 325 by Helena, who discovered the relic, she was the mother of the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great from 306 to 337 AD. Constantine replaced Diocletian as Emperor and he was a Christian. The board is made of walnut wood, 9.8 × 5.5 inches in size, 1 inch thick and weighs 1.5 pounds. It is inscribed on one side with three lines, of which the first one is mostly destroyed. The second line is written in Greek letters with reversed script, right to left, the third line is in Latin letters, also with reversed script. “Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews,” 
  20. 20. Jesus spoke seven times from the cross. Speech occurs during exhalation, these short, brief words were particularly difficult and painful. These sayings are referred to as the words of forgiveness, salvation, relationship, abandonment, distress, triumph and reunion. It is important to note WHAT Jesus said while He was in agony, He did not curse His enemies. • Luke 23:34 “Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do” • Luke 23:43 “And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, Today shalt thou be with me in paradise.” • John 19:26-28 26 “When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son! 27 Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home. 28 After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst.” • Matthew 27:46, Mark 15:34 - (Matthew & Mark accounts are in Aramaic) “And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?” • Luke 23:46 “And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit:” • John 19:30 “When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.” The Seven Sayings
  21. 21. John 19:34 “But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.” A legionnaire drove his lance through the fifth interspace between the ribs, upward through the pericardium and into the heart. There was water fluid from the sac surrounding the heart, Jesus died from heart failure due to shock and constriction of the heart by fluid in the pericardium not from the usual crucifixion death by suffocation.  Jesus died at about 3 PM on Wednesday Cause of Death
  22. 22. The Jews did not want the bodies to remain on the crosses after sunset, the beginning of the Sabbath, the soldiers broke the legs of the two thieves, but when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. Rather, one of the soldiers pierced his side, with an infantry spear, later referred to as the spear of destiny or point of the lance which produced a sudden flow of blood and water. Later that day, Jesus' body was taken down from the cross and placed in a tomb. (John 19:31-37) Spear of Destiny - The Holy Lance
  23. 23. In 615 AD, Jerusalem and its relics were captured by the Persian forces of King Chosroes II. The point of the lance, had been broken off and was given in the same year to Archbishop Nicetas of Nicomedeia who took it to Istanbul aka Constantinople or modern day Turkey, and deposited it in the church of Hagia Sophia, and later to the Church of the Virgin of the Pharos in the southern part of the Palace of Constantinople. It was later acquired by the Latin Emperor, Baldwin II of Constantinople in 1244 AD, who later sold it to King Louis IX of France. It was then enshrined with the crown of thorns in the Sainte Chapelle in Paris, residence of the King of France. During the French Revolution these relics were removed to the Bibliothèque Nationale museum in France, but the spear subsequently disappeared. It is now said to be in Rome, preserved beneath the dome of Saint Peter's Basilica archives. Location of the Spear
  24. 24. Died on a Wednesday • When Jesus died He was quickly buried because of the oncoming Feast of Unleavened Bread a high day which began at sunset on Wednesday to sunset on Thursday - Luke 23:46-54. Luke 23:54 “And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on” • Many have assumed this was the weekly Sabbath and that Jesus was crucified on a Friday. There are two distinct high days or Sabbaths referred to in this week. 1. The weekly Sabbath sunset Friday to sunset Saturday 2. The first day of Unleavened Bread, a high annual Sabbath - sunset Wednesday to sunset Thursday John 19:31 (for that sabbath day was an high day) - (Exodus 12:16-17; Leviticus 23:6-7) • The annual Holy Days usually fall on weekdays, other than the regular weekly Sabbath days, sunset Friday - sunset Saturday. Luke 23:54-56 the women saw Jesus’ body being laid in the tomb just before sunset Wednesday They “returned and prepared spices and ointments” • Preparing spices would not have been done on a Sabbath day Friday - Saturday, since it would have been considered a violation of the Sabbath. • This is verified by Mark’s account, which states, “Now when the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices (which they would not have purchased on the high-day Wed-Thur - (Mark 16:1). • The women had to wait until this annual “high day” was over before they could buy and prepare the spices to be used for anointing Jesus’ body. After purchasing and preparing the spices and oils on Friday, “they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment” (Luke 23:56). • The second Sabbath mentioned in the Gospel accounts is the regular weekly Sabbath, observed from Friday sunset to Saturday sunset.
  25. 25. TWO SABBATHS 1. Mark tells us the women bought spices after the Sabbath 2. Luke states they prepared the spices before resting on the Sabbath—two different Sabbaths. John 19:31 - The first Sabbath was a “high day”— the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread—which, in A.D. 31, fell on a Wednesday. The second was the weekly seventh-day Sabbath - Sunset Friday - Sunset Saturday Jesus died at the 9th hour of the day. Matthew 27:45-50 - 3PM After the women rested on the regular weekly Sabbath Friday - Saturday, they went to Jesus’ tomb early on the first day of the week (Sunday), “while it was still dark” (John 20:1), and found that He had already been resurrected (Matthew 28:1-6; Mark 16:2-6; Luke 24:1-3). Jesus was crucified and entombed on Wednesday afternoon, just before the Sabbath began at sunset. The high-day Sabbath, lasting from sunset Wednesday to sunset Thursday sunse, rather than the regular weekly Sabbath, lasting from sunset Friday to sunset Saturday. Jesus rose anytime from 3PM Saturday - He was already gone early Sunday when Mary arrived. Matt 28:1-6 Jesus rose precisely three days and three nights after He was placed in the tomb. Time of Death 3PM - Wednesday AD 31
  26. 26. When Jesus died on the cross two things happened immediately. 1. Jesus went directly into Paradise or Sheol. • Psalm 16:10 - For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. • Acts 2:31 - He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption. • Psalms 86:13- For great is Your mercy toward me, And You have delivered my soul from the depths of Sheol. Jesus ministers to those in Paradise Jesus went into Paradise to minister to all those who died in faith from Adams death to the time of his arrival in Paradise. Luke 1:79 To give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace. Hebrews 11:13  These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. Revelations 1:18 I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death. The Veil
  27. 27. 2. The veil at the Temple Mount was torn. Matthew 27:51 “And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;” Within the Holy Place of the tabernacle, there was an inner room called the Holy of Holies The curtain or veil to Holy of Holies was a perfect cube — its length, width and height were all equal to 15 feet. making it 60 feet long, 30 feet high and 4 inches thick. It was comprised of 72 squares that were sewn together. This veil formed a barrier between the Glory of God and man. It required 300 men to lift it.
  28. 28. • The OT Covenant system of relating to God through the priest and ritual sacrifice has been set aside. (Hebrews 6:19-20, 10:1-14 (vs. 10, Romans 8:1-4) • The Levitical priest continued their service for another 40 years, but they were truly out of work the moment Christ died. Many priest came to Christ in the days following His resurrection. Acts 6:7 “And the word of God increased; and the number of the disciples multiplied in Jerusalem greatly; and a great company of the priests were obedient to the faith.” • Today there are still Jewish high priest called Kohanim - acting in the linage of Aaron. The most blatant manifestation is in the Catholic faith with the advent of the Pope. The Torn Veil Means

×