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Online Reading Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020  Unlimited CEUs $99/year
<ul><li>To provide information about Benzodiazepines and Barbiturates  </li></ul><ul><li>To assist students in understandi...
<ul><li>All benzodiazepines produce the following 5 actions: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anti- anxiety,  </li></ul></ul></ul...
<ul><li>Below are 3 of the effects of benzos/barbs. List 2 alternative ways you could achieve the same effect without pres...
<ul><li>Barbiturates  </li></ul><ul><li>Benzodiazepines  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benzodiazepine Overview </li></ul></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>More than 30 million Americans are taking a benzodiazepine </li></ul><ul><li>More women than men take these drugs ...
<ul><li>Do you think it is necessary for so many people take anti-anxiety medications and sleep aids? </li></ul><ul><li>Wh...
<ul><li>General effects:  Reduced anxiety; feeling of well-being; lowered inhibitions; slowed pulse and breathing; lowered...
<ul><li>How do benzodiazepines work? </li></ul><ul><li>When taken orally, benzodiazepines are absorbed in the stomach and ...
<ul><li>Benzodiazepines operate widely in the brain, affecting emotional reactions, memory, thinking, control of conscious...
<ul><li>Amount of food in your stomach </li></ul><ul><li>Your hydration level </li></ul><ul><li>Your expectations </li></u...
<ul><li>Barbiturate overdose or combining barbiturates with alcohol or other central nervous system depressants can cause ...
<ul><li>For the following pairs, identify who will  feel  the greatest effects from taking 5mg of valium and why </li></ul...
<ul><li>Symptoms  include anxiety, shakiness, head ache, dizziness, sleeplessness, loss of appetite, and in more severe ca...
<ul><li>Because barbiturates work on the central nervous system, they may add to the effects of alcohol and other drugs th...
<ul><li>Many college females are combining short-acting benzos with alcohol to increase their “buzz” without having to dri...
<ul><li>Benzodiazepines:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fetal Exposure to Benzodiazepines Article  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ...
<ul><li>Benzodiazepines cont… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Given just before or during labor may cause weakness, breathing proble...
<ul><li>Many athletes who abuse sports-enhancing drugs self-medicate with depressive medication including benzodiazepines,...
<ul><li>Do some research to identify how long it would take for the effects of benzodiazepines to wear off sufficiently so...
<ul><li>&quot;Drinking alcohol with benzodiazepines is safe&quot;  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benzodiazepines are CNS depressan...
<ul><li>&quot;I can easily remember everything when taking any type of benzodiazepine such as xanax, klonopin, or valium&q...
<ul><li>“ Driving off of benzodiazepines are like driving off any other drug&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Driving off any t...
<ul><li>Strategies for Responsible Use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you are prescribed benzos or barbiturates, take them as pr...
<ul><li>Identify 5 concepts or pieces of information you gained from this lesson and why you believe they will be useful. ...
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Alcohol and drugs week 4

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Alcohol and drugs week 4

  1. 1. Online Reading Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  2. 2. <ul><li>To provide information about Benzodiazepines and Barbiturates </li></ul><ul><li>To assist students in understanding consequences of Benzodiazepines and Barbiturates use </li></ul><ul><li>To assist students in understanding drug interactions </li></ul><ul><li>To educate students about the symptoms of toxicity, overdose and withdrawal </li></ul><ul><li>To motivate students to make informed choices about Benzodiazepines and Barbiturates use </li></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  3. 3. <ul><li>All benzodiazepines produce the following 5 actions: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anti- anxiety, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>anticonvulsant, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>muscle relaxant, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sedative/hypnotic, and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>amnestic (producing forgetfulness and disturbing memory). </li></ul></ul></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  4. 4. <ul><li>Below are 3 of the effects of benzos/barbs. List 2 alternative ways you could achieve the same effect without prescription medication or alcohol: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti- anxiety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muscle relaxant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sedative/hypnotic </li></ul></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  5. 5. <ul><li>Barbiturates </li></ul><ul><li>Benzodiazepines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benzodiazepine Overview </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nonbenzo Axiolytics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zolpidem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buspar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beta Blockers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SSRIs </li></ul></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  6. 6. <ul><li>More than 30 million Americans are taking a benzodiazepine </li></ul><ul><li>More women than men take these drugs </li></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  7. 7. <ul><li>Do you think it is necessary for so many people take anti-anxiety medications and sleep aids? </li></ul><ul><li>What can people do without medication to help reduce anxiety and improve sleep? </li></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  8. 8. <ul><li>General effects: Reduced anxiety; feeling of well-being; lowered inhibitions; slowed pulse and breathing; lowered blood pressure; poor concentration/fatigue; confusion; impaired coordination, memory, judgment; addiction; respiratory depression, nausea and arrest, death Also, for barbiturates—sedation, drowsiness/depression, unusual excitement, fever, irritability, poor judgment, slurred speech, dizziness, </li></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  9. 9. <ul><li>How do benzodiazepines work? </li></ul><ul><li>When taken orally, benzodiazepines are absorbed in the stomach and small intestine and metabolized by the liver. </li></ul><ul><li>Benzodiazepines are highly fat soluble and accumulate in fatty tissue. </li></ul><ul><li>Excretion is through sweating, saliva, urine, faeces and breast milk. </li></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  10. 10. <ul><li>Benzodiazepines operate widely in the brain, affecting emotional reactions, memory, thinking, control of consciousness, muscle tone and coordination. </li></ul><ul><li>The benzodiazepines enhance the action of the neurotransmitter, GABA(Gamma Amino Butyric Acid). The function of GABA is to slow or calm things down. Benzodiazepines increase the efficiency of GABA, thus causing greater inhibition or calming. </li></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  11. 11. <ul><li>Amount of food in your stomach </li></ul><ul><li>Your hydration level </li></ul><ul><li>Your expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Any other medications you are taking </li></ul><ul><li>Your body fat composition </li></ul><ul><li>Your weight in general </li></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  12. 12. <ul><li>Barbiturate overdose or combining barbiturates with alcohol or other central nervous system depressants can cause unconsciousness and even death. Signs include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Severe drowsiness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breathing problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slurred speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staggering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow heartbeat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Severe confusion </li></ul></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  13. 13. <ul><li>For the following pairs, identify who will feel the greatest effects from taking 5mg of valium and why </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sally is 120 pounds, 14% body fat vs. Joe who is 200 pounds and 9% body fat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Susan drank 2 beers before taking it vs. Sandra who took a sleeping pill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tom who is 170 pounds vs. Ralph who is 165 pounds and took Maximum Strength Sudafed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sally who weighs 120 pounds but has had the flu and is dehydrated vs. Sara who weighs 120 pounds but is well hydrated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John, a 240 pound lineman after a hard workout in the heat vs. Jack, his coach, also about 210 pounds </li></ul></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  14. 14. <ul><li>Symptoms include anxiety, shakiness, head ache, dizziness, sleeplessness, loss of appetite, and in more severe cases, fever, seizures, and psychosis. </li></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  15. 15. <ul><li>Because barbiturates work on the central nervous system, they may add to the effects of alcohol and other drugs that slow the central nervous system, such as antihistamines , cold medicine, allergy medicine, sleep aids, medicine for seizures, tranquilizers, some pain relievers, and muscle relaxants . </li></ul><ul><li>They may also add to the effects of anesthetics, including those used for dental procedures. </li></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  16. 16. <ul><li>Many college females are combining short-acting benzos with alcohol to increase their “buzz” without having to drink as many calories. </li></ul><ul><li>This practice can lead to very unpredictable results including coma </li></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  17. 17. <ul><li>Benzodiazepines: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fetal Exposure to Benzodiazepines Article </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The baby may become dependent and experience withdrawal after birth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use in the last trimester may cause fetal body temperature problems, breathing problems, difficulty in feeding, drowsiness, or muscle weakness in the newborn infant. </li></ul></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  18. 18. <ul><li>Benzodiazepines cont… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Given just before or during labor may cause weakness, breathing problems, muscle weakness, difficulty in feeding, and body temperature problems in the newborn infant. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benzodiazepines may pass into the breast milk and cause drowsiness, difficulty in feeding, and weight loss </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Barbiturates: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taking barbiturates during pregnancy increases the chance of birth defects and may cause other problems such as prolonged labor and withdrawal effects in the baby </li></ul></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  19. 19. <ul><li>Many athletes who abuse sports-enhancing drugs self-medicate with depressive medication including benzodiazepines, combined with prescription opioids, including Vicodin, and alcohol. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes these medications are prescribed after an injury to help the person relax </li></ul><ul><li>Benzodiazepines have a marked effect on coordination </li></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  20. 20. <ul><li>Do some research to identify how long it would take for the effects of benzodiazepines to wear off sufficiently so that your athletic and/or driving abilities would not be impaired. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Valium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Xanax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Librium </li></ul></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  21. 21. <ul><li>&quot;Drinking alcohol with benzodiazepines is safe&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benzodiazepines are CNS depressants, just like alcohol. When the two substances are mixed together, it can result in blacking out or death. It is recommened to never add these two drugs together. The main cause of death from this combination is most likely from the person choking on their own vomit when passed out from the drug. </li></ul></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  22. 22. <ul><li>&quot;I can easily remember everything when taking any type of benzodiazepine such as xanax, klonopin, or valium&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is very easy to forget any entire night from doing any type of benzodiazepine. In my opinion, xanax is the leading pharmaceutical in black outs. A black out is where one would appear to be conscious, but the person has absolutely no recollection of any event from the next day. </li></ul></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  23. 23. <ul><li>“ Driving off of benzodiazepines are like driving off any other drug&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Driving off any type of benzodiazepine can be extremely dangerous. This pills are much like alcohol, and severely affects your coordination. There is a very high risk of crashing your vehicle if driving under the influence of xanax, klonopin, of valium. </li></ul></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  24. 24. <ul><li>Strategies for Responsible Use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you are prescribed benzos or barbiturates, take them as prescribed and ask your doctor before mixing them with other drugs, especially other depressant type drugs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you are pregnant, be sure your doctor knows that in advance of prescribing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not take these medications before working out as they will impair your coordination and judgment </li></ul></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year
  25. 25. <ul><li>Identify 5 concepts or pieces of information you gained from this lesson and why you believe they will be useful. </li></ul>Copyright AllCEUs 2011-2020 Unlimited CEUs $99/year

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