Career counselling and career orientation

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For students Class IX onwards

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Career counselling and career orientation

  1. 1. Dr Rupa Talukdar
  2. 2. CAREER is the ultimate IDENTITY: Students’ career impacts their Personal Lives Relationship Families Surroundings
  3. 3. Some famous Personalities , they are known by their careers/profession
  4. 4. Career is followings:
  5. 5. Career Notion: In Present Context The garneing of material wealth The realization of personal potentials The enhancement of social status.
  6. 6. Career selects purpose of life: different desires for different people To become successful To make a lot of money To make one’s life count To make a difference in this world To help others To find meaning and purpose
  7. 7. Effect of Family in Career Exploration
  8. 8. In various ways CAREER DECISION has been grown:
  9. 9. In Indian survey on Work Orientations and responses to Career Choices showed Students made their Career Choices without professional counselling and Guidance Without any pre- Career planning They opt for Career Choice which they have interest instead of suitability and aptitude check
  10. 10. What is Career planning ?
  11. 11. For Career Decision we need Career Maturity Self Concept Achievement motivation Locus of C ontrol
  12. 12. Career Maturity: what is it? The way a young person deals with his occupational choices is indicative of his career maturity: it includes assessing and managing of occupational choice problem
  13. 13. Occupational Choice: Spans the yrs from late childhood to young adulthood The FANTASY Period: desire to be grown up depends on child’s choice Tentative Period: depends on Interest, values and capacities Realistic period: prerequisite ability for the preferred occupation, the appropriate interest for the chosen career field and the availability of financial recources for relevant training
  14. 14. Various factors come into playing role Students’ orientation towards career Guidance and Counseling
  15. 15. Students’ desire for Freedom of choice A trend here is students’ desire for freedom of choice, their primary challenge being under parents’ objections and expectations.
  16. 16. Parents’ reasons Parents stated that they were willing to allow freedom, at the same time they held expectations that their child’s choices were those that conformed with family social status and that would secure their child financial status.
  17. 17. Effects on career decision making: Personal preferences Media Role models Family preferences
  18. 18. Attitudes and Emotions Hope/Confidence Anxiety
  19. 19. Anticipated Challenges in Career Decision making Parents’ objection Finance Future scope Uncertainty
  20. 20. Expectation from Career Guidance Self- Understanding Parental Counselling Direction/ideas Information
  21. 21. Career Guidance It can help reduce the anxiety by focusing on the strength of each individual It also minimize the focus on negatives and promotes optimal functioning
  22. 22. Self exploration and Self awareness Self exploration reveals the skill/strength Self awareness helps the adolescents feel more competent These two help to reduce fear and build confidence
  23. 23. Parents’ perception of Their Children’s Career Choices
  24. 24. Expectations from children Freedom of choice Financial stability Happiness in life Service to society
  25. 25. Check Your Personality Profile:  Hard working  Numerical  Strong reasoning-logical  Creative, good memory retention  Loves reading  Confident, open to experiences  High agreeableness  High Skill achievement need  Wants to be vocationally stable  Flexible, has control over different impulses  Can take creative risk
  26. 26. Choose your career on the basis of following aspects keeping in mind  Area of interest  Personality  Aptitude  Assess your strength and weakness.  Skills  Possibility and Opportunities.  Capability  Feasibility and guidance  Nature of work  Financial aid and scholarship
  27. 27. Fundamnetal ability - a student should have
  28. 28. Skill Literacy and Work Experiences Skills refer to a person’s ability to actually do something; knowing only the theory behind the study is often not enough Learning to apply your theoretical knowledge is the key to landing a good job. Skill Literacy is the gaining work experience through Internship and placement and it is closely linked to employability.
  29. 29. Develop your Skill literacy on different careers
  30. 30. Develop your Skill literacy Cultivate a hobby seriously: Students are nowadays are busy in securing good marks, but hobbies based on interest will help students to find a source of relaxation and most importantly helps develop skills Learn to use tools: Screwdrivers, spanners , hammers, pliers are all part of our daily lives, it helps to use any instrument, machine making life easier Looking for work experiences and opportunities: Working as a Volunteer in an Organization goes a long way in introducing student to basic work skill; handling telephone, office manners, dealing with waste, understanding routine are all aspects of skill Literacy.
  31. 31. The Career Preparation process Model
  32. 32. Career Preparation process Model The Model views Career Development as a process that moves along with the individual’s physical, cognitive and social maturation.
  33. 33. Survival of the fittest To weed out the thorns of confusion, first you need to analyze your interest, hobby, inclination, potentiality and opportunities. . It is often said that if you choose your career based on your interest and hobby, the success rate as well as satisfaction level will be very high.
  34. 34. How personality works Aviation: • Agility, stamina and good health are vital to attend to the stressful duties for long hours. Requires presence of mind, courage, physical fitness, determination, due to the risks which flying involves. They need to be self-confident and at east working with other people. Shipping Industry • Working on docks and ports is not quite an easy task. Need to work in open most of the time. Noisy and dusty environment.
  35. 35. How personality works ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY • Analytical mind, strong problem solving abilities, sound mathematical and scientific foundation and a desire to be in constant pursuit of knowledge is required for success in engineering. PETROLEUM ENGINEERS • They work in oil exploration on the high seas, forests, deserts, plains and mountains. They must have curiosity to understand the complex ways of handling a task, an eye for detail, an ability to take responsibility and work with a team.
  36. 36. How personality works PLASTIC, POLYMER & RUBBER TECH • Good mechanical aptitude and scientific insight are required. Imagination, creativity is required for developing new products and in devising new uses of the basic product. Based on the type of ships, we need to adapt to our work. Old ships are not of excellent shape. CERAMIC TECHNOLOGY • Logical thinking, analytical outlook, a good understanding of chemistry are only the beginning of a career in ceramics.
  37. 37. CAREERS IN SCIENCES  Biological Scientists & Biotechnology  Genetic Scientists  Biochemistry  Microbiology & Bioinformatics  Anthropology  Chemistry  Physics  Geology  Geography & GIS  Mathematics & Statistics  Meteorology  Oceanography  Dairy & Poultry Farming  Fishery Forestry & Wild Life  Food Processing Food Technology  Forestry  Home Science & Home Economics  Nutritionists & Dieticians  Food Technology  Forensic Science  Horticulture  Environment Science
  38. 38. How Personality works  CHEMISTRY & ALLIED FIELDS The job of chemical scientists depends on the area of specialization. The study involves chemical analysis, synthesis, research and sampling of solids, liquids or gases for determining their composition, properties, physical and chemical changes. The jobs are related to industries manufacturing diverse products; hence the work environment is highly variable. Nevertheless, in the production of chemicals and allied products there is a significant amount of risk in handling poisonous chemicals.
  39. 39. Courses & Work Area Chemical in Drug industry, food industry, plastics, Organic/Inorganic/Physical/Analytical/Industrial Chemists Chemical Engineers (Process) Chemical Engineering Technician (Production) Chemical Technician (R&D) Non-Production Jobs
  40. 40. How Personality works PHYSICS & ALLIED FIELDS Physicists are quite like all other scientists. Their job requires working with details. Interest in scientific phenomena, patience, firmness, precision, an inclination to search for real solutions is the strength of all physicists. The job of physicists involves working with mathematical and statistical scientists and is very closely integrated with the work of engineers. It is often difficult to distinguish between the role of engineers and physicists in highly technical fields. Physicists work in the laboratory and where equipment designed by them is installed. Industry based jobs require frequent visits to the technical section besides the laboratory.
  41. 41. How personality works • A career in any of the mathematical sciences, including mathematics, statistics, computer science, physical sciences, engineering and other mathematically oriented fields such as actuarial work or accounting requires an aptitude of mathematics. You should enjoy working with figures and solving problems, and should be able to think abstractly as well as concretely. MATHEMATICS & STATISTICS
  42. 42. Working Conditions Mathematics is a study of form, structure, operations, and relationships. The work of Mathematicians and Statisticians is office based. The job is essentially a desk job with extensive use of the computer and follows a normal weekly schedule.
  43. 43. GEOLOGY • Geologist’s need scientific acumen along with the power of observation, analysis, logic and a spirit of investigation. Good numerical aptitude, clarity and precision in dealing with data of various types are needed. Personality • Study/Preservation/Clean-up of Environment • Geochemistry  Study of composition of earth • Marine/Petroleum Geologists, Mineralogists, Geohydrologists, Hydrologists, Paleontologists (Fossils), Seismologists, Stratigraphers (Study of sedimentary rock), Eng. Geology, Environmental Geology (waste disposal), Geochronologists (Use radio-active dating), Geomorphologists (study of earth surface), surveyors Courses & Work Area
  44. 44. GEOGRAPHERS & GIS • Geographers must have acumen to handle statistical data. Observation, skill for drawing inferences based on compiled information, writing reports and making judgments will be required. Personality • Physical, Human, Medical, Cartography (Maps preparation), Urban, Regional, Economic, Political • Cartography – data for maps • GIS (Geographic Information System) • M.Sc. (Cartography) – University of Madras • Diploma (Cartography) – Aligarh Muslim University Courses & Work Area
  45. 45. METEOROLOGY • Meteorologists often work under pressure with constraints of time for meeting deadlines particularly while reporting severe weather systems. Their work demands accuracy. Personality • Study of atmosphere (predict winds, temperature) • Aviation Meteorology • Industrial Meteorology (Pollution) • Physical Meteorology • Climatology • Synoptic Meteorology Courses & Work Area
  46. 46. BIOLOGICAL SCIENTISTS • Biological scientists must have an above average aptitude in the understanding of biological, chemical and mathematical concepts. Most of the job is of observation and systematic study hence a systematic approach coupled with patience and curiosity are essential to sustain one through long periods of research and study. Personality & Working Conditions
  47. 47. BIOLOGICAL SCIENTISTS: Courses & Work Area Anatomists (Tissue), Aquatic Biologists (life under water), Agronomist (Crop production), Bio-informatics (information from database), Cytologists (Cells), Biochemistry, Biophysics, Curator (Museum), Ecologists, Entomologists (Pests), Geneticists, Microbiologists, Ornithologists (Birds), Pisciculturist (Fish Culture), Mycologist (Control Fungi) Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) Bio-Technology: Inter-discipline in Bio- Science, Bio-Chemistry, Chemical Science, Biological Engineering, Engineering Science, Chemical Engineering. Combined Entrance Exam for M.Tech / M.Sc. / M.Sc(Agri) / M.V.Sc Molecular Biology Agricultural Bio-Technology
  48. 48. BIOTECHNOLOGY: Biotechnology-a bundle of techniques applied to living cells to produce a particular product of improved quality. GENETIC: Genetic scientists are involved in pursuing research for identifying particular genes in plant, animal and human tissue samples BIOCHEMISTRY: Biochemistry is a branch which is concerned with the chemistry of the biological processes. Biochemists are mainly engaged in research related to the fields of medicine, agriculture, and nutrition.
  49. 49. MICROBIOLOGY & BIOINFORMATICS Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms. Microbiologists study the relationships between microbes and man, animals and plants. Personality An analytical and scientific temper, intense interest in research, keen observation, perseverance, and hard work are required. Bioinformatics encompasses research, development and application of computational tools and aims at expanding the use of biological medical, behavioural, or health data.
  50. 50. ANTHROPOLOGY Anthropologists trace the origin and evolutionary development of man by studying the changed physical characteristics and cultural, social institutions. Working Conditions • Anthropologists work in educational libraries as well as in the field. Fieldwork entails working in difficult and remote areas. Physical stamina and ability to adapt to difficult situations is required.
  51. 51. Anthropology: Courses & Work Area Biochemists, Microbiologists, Anthropologists (Trace the origin & evolution), Bio-informatics. Study of Humanity Physical, Socio-cultural, Archaeology
  52. 52. HOME SCIENCE & HOME ECONOMICS  Courses & Work Area  Dietetics & Nutrition  Child Development  Textile Designing  Jobs: Toys design, Dress making,  Food analysts.  Dip in Dyeing & Prating, Dip in Food and Nutrition, Dip in Early Childhood Care& Education  B.Sc.(Home Science)  Textile Chemistry  Textiles & Clothing  PG Dip in Dietetics  Dip in Dietetics & Public Health Nutrition  M.Sc. (Applied Nutrition)
  53. 53. HISTORIANS, ARCHAEOLOGISTS, ARCHIVISTS, CURATORS Personality They all enjoy knowledge for its own sake and work for passing it on to others. They have deep interest in the past and are curious to find out more than the obvious.
  54. 54. HISTORIANS, ARCHAEOLOGISTS, ARCHIVISTS, CURATORS  History, Archaeology, Archive Curators (Organize Museum)  Post graduates  Master in Archaeology & Heritage Management  Master in Conservation, Preservation & Heritage Management  Diploma in Archives
  55. 55. New Scopes: Multi-Disciplinary Universities Multi-Disciplinary Universities with their bouquet of courses and unconventional teaching methods The aim is to expose students to a variety of , often, completely unrelated disciplines. Students are confused after Class XII exam in choosing the subject as their Career as they have limited scopes to explore different areas of interest in open mind, but they put lot of heart in it
  56. 56. New Scopes: Multi-Disciplinary Universities Most universities offer a range of courses in their first year that encourage students to think clearly, differently and hone their writing, research and IT skill
  57. 57. Name of Universities offering multi- disciplinary Courses  Ashoka University, Haryana  Shiv Nadar University, Greater Noida  Azim Premji University, Banaglore  Flame University, Pune  OP Jindal Global University, Haryana  Symbiosis School for Liberal Arts , Pune  About School of Liberal Studies, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Gujrat
  58. 58. Twinning Programme Students who have intention to study abroad can get the privileges from Twinning programme as sometimes studying overseas were not possible because of exorbitant fees that reduces to almost half in this twinning program.
  59. 59. Twinning Programme The program is an arrangement offered by some private universities in India, wherein students can complete part of their courser work in India and part of it abroad. The course fee is more than that of a regular course at a private university but less than that of foreign university.
  60. 60. Twinning Program: Institutes  Tamil Nadu Agricultural University  Ansal Institute of Technology, Guragaon  Vellore Institute of Technology  Sona College of Technology, Salem  Loyola College, Chennai  Manipal University, Karnataka  Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka  Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar

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