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Introduction to BHS

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Introduction to BHS

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Introduction to BHS

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHIATRY & BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES
  2. 2. PSYCHIATRY…? ??
  3. 3. ………. A Branch of Medicine Deals with Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of Psychiatric Disorders It is an integral and central approach in the concept of HOLISITC MEDICINE
  4. 4. SUBJECTS General Medicine Neurology Behavioral Sciences Psychological Medicine Sociology Anthropology Cross Cultural Psychiatry
  5. 5. Scope of Behavioral Sciences  Behavioral sciences is a term that encompasses all the disciplines that explore the behavior and strategies within and between organisms in the natural world
  6. 6. Contd  Behavioral Sciences is a holistic and integrative approach in all disciplines of education and Medical practice
  7. 7.  Patients are most likely to comply with medical advice for which of the following reasons? a. The illness has few symptoms b. The patient likes the physician c. The physician is young d. The illness is chronic e. The treatment schedule is complex
  8. 8. OBJECTIVES  To enable students understand their self, and the world around them, through study of contents and processes used by behavioral scientists
  9. 9. Contd  To discover, describe, explain, and predict human behavior and social systems
  10. 10. Contd  The students therefore, must understand the diversities and complexities of the cultural and social world, and come to an informed sense of self and others
  11. 11.  To train the students deal with the complexities of life and complex medical situations
  12. 12. Contd  Understand the psychological factors involved in health, illness and medical care
  13. 13.  To familiarize the students with Biopsychosocial Model of Health & Sickness
  14. 14.  To apply psychological approaches in the practice of Holistic Medicine
  15. 15.  To complement & utilize knowledge of behavioral sciences in liaison & psychosomatic medicine
  16. 16.  To impart training in this important subject through formal lectures, demonstrations, tutorials & workshops
  17. 17.  To illustrate the importance of psychological considerations in clinical management of patients
  18. 18.  To understand key concepts in child social and cognitive development
  19. 19. Contd  To describe psychological changes during adolescence till old age and recognize considerations in their clinical management
  20. 20.  To understand the concept of stress and personality.  To describe the association between stress and immune change, evaluate the role of stress, personality and work in etiology of illnesses
  21. 21.  To understand the impact of illness on a patient’s psychological well being including the ability to cope and understand the associations between psychological stress and physical well being
  22. 22.  To understand the impact of hospitalization on patients and the importance of effective communication
  23. 23.  To outline psychological theories of pain, perception and patient’s experiences of pain
  24. 24.  To understand racial and cultural factors and their impact in clinical practice
  25. 25.  To understand diversity of faith and how personal beliefs may influence therapeutic interventions
  26. 26.  To understand genetic diversity
  27. 27.  To comprehend ethical issues in patient’s management
  28. 28.  To explain the term ethnicity, culture and racism and their role in health care
  29. 29.  To understand differences of health experiences as explained by gender
  30. 30.  To understand the influence of health and illness on behavior
  31. 31.  The “Sick Role” as described by Parsons a. Applies mainly to low socioeconomic groups b. Overvalues people’s social support networks c. Includes lack of cooperation with health care workers d. Includes exemption from usual responsibilities e. Applies mainly to chronic illnesses
  32. 32.  To explain ‘sick role’ during sickness and their relation with health beliefs
  33. 33. SUBJECTS  Neurosciences
  34. 34.  A 65 years old female has a stroke affecting left hemisphere of brain which of the following functions is most likely to be affected? a. Perception b. Musical ability c. Spatial relations d. Language e. Artistic ability
  35. 35. Psychology Personality development, life span development, special emphasis on cognitive, social and emotional Development
  36. 36. Sociology and Anthropology 
  37. 37.  Ethics in Medicine
  38. 38.  Doctor-Patient Relationship and Hippocratic Oath/Code of conduct
  39. 39. Therapeutic interaction &Communication skills
  40. 40.  Which of the following is considered the most powerful nonverbal communication? a. Touch b. Gesture and posture c. Dress and grooming d. Physical distance e. Facial expressions
  41. 41. Contd  Biopsychosocial Model of Diseases and therapy
  42. 42. Psychosomatic Medicine
  43. 43. The most effective behavior intervention for hypertension is a. Weight loss b. Relaxation c. Realization of source of stress d. Developing coping skills e. Diet
  44. 44. Stress Management
  45. 45. Mental Health and Community Services
  46. 46. Wrap-Up

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