There are certain
with aging process.
ASPECTS OF AGING
Old age is a period of continued intellectual,
emotional and psychological growth which are
seen to affect people with advancing age.
There are people who deal constructively with
circumstances, others become unduly
dependent while some become increasingly
in adjusting to new
requires a greater
need for caution.
Their interests are narrowed, there is tendency
to be more self-centered and attitudes tend to
be governed by earlier experiences, the value of
old people for the society and their sense of
usefulness for the family.
DEATH AND DYING
Death is universal and unavoidable.
Death is considered the complete cessation of
vital functions of body and dying the process of
cessation of these functions.
Death causes strong feelings of dread not only
in patients but also in relatives, and health
Death is often lonely. In very old people, death is
approached with tranquility. Most often the
patient suffers more in the conspiracy of silence
and thus feelings of isolation further add to the
distress of a dying person.
Understanding of death in children is largely
dependent on their emotional and cognitive
Children under the age of 5 years sense the
death as a separation similar to sleep.
Between the ages of 5 and 10 years children
develop sense of inevitable human mortality.
By puberty children develop the sense like
adults and take death as universal and
Adolescents take death as inevitable and
The major fears are loss of control, being
imperfect, being different and fears about
Teenagers if made part of decision making
take death with courage, grace and dignity.
Old adults often readily accept that their time
has come and some of them might have close
Patients in old age can reconcile with the
Emotional stress as such can result in
sudden death in certain persons.
Myocardial infraction and atrial fibrillation
may occur following psychological stress.
Similarly death can occur due to a curse or
spell when the sufferer believes in the power
of the individual causing this curse.
LEGAL ASPECTS OF
Post mortem examination
A Psychiatrist has made very valuable
contribution in defining and classifying
reactions to an impending death.
Stage 1--- Shock and Denial
Stage 2 --- Anger
Stage 3 --- Bargaining
Stage 4 --- Depression
Stage 5--- Acceptance
NEEDS OF THE DYING
Holist (1984) states
“families and patients
may die too many things
before the disease finally
Optimism, spontaneity, holidays, long – range
planning, dreams, retirement, and
grandparenthood are but a few of the many
things that die as a person and her or his family
live with a terminal illness.