Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Celebration Presentation at Yolo County Office of Education, by Dr. Rex Fortune Jr., January 2020
1. DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING,JR.
DR. REX FORTUNE
YOLO COUNTY OFFICE OF EDUCATION
JANUARY 22, 2020
2. FOUR QUESTIONS WILL GUIDE OUR
HOW DID MICHAEL KING BECOME DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.?
WHAT WERE THE MAJOR ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF DR. KING?
IF DR. KING WERE ALIVE TODAY, WHAT WOULD BE HIS MAJOR
WHAT WILL I DO THAT DEMONSTRATES THE EFFECT DR. KING’S
LEGACY ON MY LIFE?
3. Fearless & Courageous because he
African American suffered nearly for three hundred years under
slavery in USA including lynching, often for just the sport of it.
Free slave labor created enormous wealth for others.
Slavery restricted opportunities for slaves to make progress, even
after the Civil War was won and Reconstruction was undertaken.
Plantation owners fought the bloody Civil War to maintain their
lifestyles of comfort and entitlement, so well documented in films and
The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American
Capitalism by Professor Edward Baptist tells how cotton and sugar cane
were major crops that slaves harvested by wealthy land owners.
4. The Half Has Never Been Told:
Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism
5. 13 years
Most of what we celebrate about Dr.
Martin Luther King Jr. occurred between
1955 and 1968.
6. Rosa Parks and the Montgomery
7. The 1955, 13-month boycott brought the city’s
economy to its knees.
Image Source: https://www.socialistalternative.org/2016/11/16/60th-anniversary-
8. Who Inspired Martin Luther King Jr.?
Rev. Martin Luther King, Sr.
Other outstanding members of the clergy
Reverend Dr. Benjamin E. Mays
9. Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr., pastor of
Ebenezer Baptist Church, 1931
Image Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Luther_King_Sr.
10. Dr. Benjamin E. Mays
President of Morehouse College,
Mentor to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Image Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Mays
11. Mahatma Gandhi
Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer, leader of the
nonviolent nationalist movement resulting in the end of British
rule of India in 1947.
Image Source: https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Mahatma_Gandhi
12. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Dr. Martin Luther King’s Books
1) Stride Towards Freedom
2) The Measure of a Man
3) Strength to Love (1963)
4) I Have a Dream (1963)
5) Why We Can’t Wait
6) Where Do We Go
From Here (1967)
7) The Trumpet of
8) T he Autobiography of
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Image Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Luther_King_Jr.
13. Dr. King’s Civil Rights Protests Inspired
from President John Kennedy &
President Lyndon Johnson
CIVIL RIGHTS ACT of 1964
VOTING RIGHTS ACT of 1965
ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY ACT of 1965
(ESEA Title I)
Other ”War on Poverty Programs” created by
14. Civil Rights Act of 1964
ABOLISHMENT OF UNFAIR APPLICATIONS FOR VOTERS OF COLOR
PROHIBITION OF DISCRIMINATION IN PUBLICLLY OWNED BUSINESSES LIKE HOTELS,
RESTAURANTS, AND THEATERS
PUBLIC FACILITIES SHOULD BE OPEN TO ALL: NO PERSON DENIED
DESEGREGATION OF SCHOOLS: ATTORNEY GENERAL TO FILE SUITS AGAINST SCHOOLS
THAT MAINTAINED SEGREGATION POLICIES
DISALLOWMENT OF FEDERAL FUNDS TO ORGANIZATION PRACTICING DISCRIMINATION
PROHIBITION OF DISCRIMINATION IN THE WORKFORCE BASED ON RACE, GENDER OR
CREATION OF EQUAL OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION TO ENFORCE LAWS REGARDING FAIR
HIRING PRACTICES AND EQUAL PAY
15. VOTING RIGHTS ACT OF 1965
ELIMINATION OF BARRIERS AT STATE AND LOCAL LEVELS THAT PREVENTED
AFRICAN AMERICANS FROM EXERCISING THEIR RIGHT TO VOTE AS GUARANTEED
UNDER THE 15TH AMENDMENT TO THE U.S. CONSTITUTION.
TELLING BLACKS THEY HAD THE WRONG DATE, TIME OR POLLING PLACE
CHARGING A POLL TAX IN ORDER TO VOTE
FORCING BLACKS TO TAKE A LITERACY TESTS, LIKE RECITE THE ENTIRE
CONSTITUTION OR EXPLAINING THE MOST COMPLEX PROVISION OF STATE
PRESIDENT JOHNSON SIGNED THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT INTO LAW ON AUGUST 6,
1965 WITH DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. AND OTHER CIVIL RIGHTS LEADERS
PRESENT AT THE CEREMONY.
16. Martin L. King & key leaders meet
President Johnson over civil right
• Roy Wilkens, NAACP
• James Farmer, CORE
• Martin L. King, Jr., SCLC
• Whitney Young, Urban League
• President Lyndon Johnson
Image Source: https://www.cbsnews.com/news/critics-say-selma-inaccurately-claims-lbj-clashed-
17. ELEMENTARY & SECONDARY
EDUCATION ACT OF 1965
TITLE I: FUNDING FOR SCHOOLS WITH HIGH PERCENTAGE OF LOW-
INCOME FAMILIES TO CLOSE GAPS IN READING, WRITING AND
MATHEMATICS. PARENT INVOLVEMENT
TITLE II: SUPPORT SCHOOL LIBRARIES AND TEXTBOOK ACQUISITION
TITLE III: SUPPLEMENTAL CENTERS TO BOLSTER ATTENDANCE
TITLE IV: EDUCATIONAL TRAINING AND RESEARCH
TITLE V: STATE DEPARTMENTS OF EDUCATION
18. ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ACT OF
ESTABLISHED THE OFFICE OF ECONOMIC OPPORTUNTIY TO
ADMINISTER LOCAL APPLICATION OF FUNDS TARGETED
AGAINST POVERTY. IT CREATED:
COMMUNITY ACTION PROGRAMS
VOLUNTEERS IN SERVICE TO AMERICA (VISTA)
19. What Issues Would Engage Dr. King
Mass Incarceration of African American and Hispanic Men
Education: The Achievement Gap at Every Level, Not Just Desegregation
How Should We Respond to Poverty and Those Who Cannot Escape it?
How Can All People Gain Access to Adequate Health Care?
Immigration: Fairness & Humane Policies
20. 2018 California General & In-Custody
Population by Ethnicity
GENERAL POP INCARCERATED POPULATION
Hispanic 39% 43.8% 56,624
Black 6% 28.4% 36,731
White 37% 21.2% 27,407
Other 18% 6.6% 8,665
TOTAL 100% 100 % 129,417
25. What Is MLK’s Legacy Effect on
Speculating about how Dr. King would lead today is not
We must choose our own paths to overcome injustice.
Mama said to me, “what you do speaks so
loudly, I can’t hear what you say.”
So, what do I do to address ways to overcome the
31. Best Practices Themes of Schools
Bridging the Achievement Gap
School leaders with a plan, expecting all students to succeed
Teachers who believe all students can and will succeed
Parents who commit to helping students at home & support school
Frequent assessments & adjustments to instructional strategies
Professional development for teachers & time for collaboration
Technology for instruction, family communication, data analysis
Additional time for students who fall behind
Student experiences to encourage college & careers
Learning opportunities for parents
Engaged community supporters
TO CELEBRATE THE LEGACY OF DR. KING, WILL I;
PICK A CAUSE, ISSUE, OR MISSION THAT I WILL UNDERTAKE TODAY?
BECOME ENGAGED POLITICALLY, IF THAT IS WHAT IT TAKES, TO AFFECT CHANGE IN
MY CLASSROOM, SCHOOL, DISTRICT, COLLEGE, COMMUNITY?
BE INSPIRED TO TAKE ACTIONS TO REACH MY GOALS?
HAVE SOMETHING TO REPORT THAT I WILL HAVE ACTUALLY ACCOMPLISHED BY DR.
KING’S BIRTHDAY IN 2021?
33. I’ve Been to the Mountain Top.
I’ve Seen the Promise Land.
Image Source: https://washington.org/visit-dc/martin-luther-king-jr-memorial