Definition of Personal Guidance
• Some Definitions
• Hopkins – “Personal guidance is that guidance which is concerned with the
problems of health, emotional adjustments and social adjustment of an individual. It
also includes his recreation and leisure-time problems.”
• Ruth Strang – “Personal guidance is the assistance given to an individual to solve his
personal problems, such as emotional and social adjustment, economic and social
relationship and problems connected with his physical as well as mental health.”
• Wilson – “The purpose of personal guidance is to help the individual in his physical,
emotional, social, moral and spiritual developments and adjustment.”
• Taking all such aspects into consideration personal guidance may be found to cover
all the problems and aspects concerning the development and adjustment of a
person. Crow and Crow opines that, “Personal Guidance refers to help given an
individual toward a better adjustment in the development of attitudes and behaviour
in all areas of life.”
Aims and Objectives:
• The 16 aims and objectives of personal guidance are as follows:
• (i) To assist the individual in understanding himself.
• (ii) To assist the individual in solving the problems related to his health.
• (iii) To assist the individual in developing suitable habits, attitudes, interests etc.
• (iv) To make individuals aware about the personal problems of life.
• (v) To assist the individual in developing positive attitude and real self concept.
• (vi) To make individuals aware about the democratic qualities and values.
• (vii) To assist the individual in developing the qualities of loyalty, co-operation, love,
sympathy, tolerance etc.
• (viii) To help the individual to become a man of sound moral character in future life.
• (ix) To assist the individuals in his physical, social, moral, spiritual and emotional development.
• (x) To assist the individuals in taking independent decisions and judgments.
• (xi) To assist the individual to plan his leisure time activities properly.
• (xii) To assist the individual to view the world and the social environment from the right track.
• (xiii) To assist the individual in becoming a responsible member of his community.
• (xiv) To assist the individual in developing the qualities of leadership.
• (xv) To assist the individual in making sound adjustments to different problems faced in life.
• (xvi) Personal guidance assists or helps every individual immensely about how to develop an
Need of Personal Guidance:
• The need and importance of personal guidance has been felt in the following grounds:
• (i) It is needed to develop all personal and social qualities that would enable the individuals in
solving personal problems and seeking better adjustments.
• (ii) It is meant to overcome the personal problems of personality adjustment of every individual.
• (iii) It gives importance on the personal and social needs of the pupils or individuals.
• (iv) It is linked with our day-to-day life.
• (v)It is an answer to our big question what and what not we should be.
• (vi) It is meant for deciding what habits, attitudes and values we should develop.
• (vii) It deals with all problems of life which are not covered by educational and vocational
• (viii) This guidance is the core of all types of guidance.
• (ix) It concerns with the total person.
• (x) This guidance points out the strengths and weaknesses of every individual or child.
Stages of Personal Guidance in Education:
Stages of Personal Guidance in Education:
• 1. At the Primary Stage:
• Personal guidance at this stage aims at helping the children to get along with
others and to develop certain social qualities. At this stage opportunities or
facilities are given to pupils for their self expression. Personal guidance at
this stage deals with the problems related to health, feeling of insecurity,
social acceptance, discipline and leisure time pursuits.
2. At the Secondary Stage:
• Personal guidance is organized, at this stage for the students because in the mid-point of this
level of education the pupils reach at the stage of adolescence or adolescence period. As at the
secondary school level the students are at the adolescence stage and they have more internal
personal problems. There is more necessity of such type of guidance at this stage. During
adolescence period due to peculiar, physical, intellectual, emotional and social developments
children undergo marked changes in their attitude and behaviour.
• They have a number of needs, the fulfillment of which poses problems. They have many
doubts and confusions. Adjustment becomes a problem to them. This is a period of high order
of emotionality. At this period the children are more self-conscious. They need recognition and
approval. Personal guidance at this stage is concerned mostly with problems of personal and
• If the adolescents are not properly guided they will become maladjusted. Adolescence is the
most important period of one’s life and at this stage the child is to be properly and cautiously
guided. Besides the children should be trained to know their potentialities and limitations and to
seek compromise between ideas and reality.
3. At the University Stage:
• Personal guidance at this stage is just a continuation of the personal guidance offered at
the secondary school stage; but its scope is wider. It should develop in students a sense
of social service, social responsibility, patriotism, mutual respect and tolerance. It should
help the students to accept the vision of life in relation to its practicability.
How to Render Personal Guidance
Collection of all
the Causes of