School Shootings Presentation


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The following powerpoint was presented to Dr. Baljit Atwal's Forensic Psychology class at Alliant University (Sacramento) by Dr. Nathaniel Mills ( ) on December 3rd, 2012. The presentation covered findings from the U.S. Secret Service and U.S. Department of Education's Safe Schools Initiative's final findings report.

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School Shootings Presentation

  1. 1. Nathaniel Mills, Ph.D.Psychologist (psy 23861)
  2. 2. Profile of a School Shooter
  3. 3. Profile of a School Shooter
  4. 4. Safe School Initiative (SSI) Identified  37 incidents of school violence  41 attackers  occurring between 1974 and 2000.
  5. 5. SSI Findings:Characteristics of A School Shooter 41% were “mainstream students” or socialized with “mainstream students.
  6. 6. SSI Findings:Characteristics of A School Shooter 44% were involved in some organized social activity (i.e., club)
  7. 7. SSI Findings:Characteristics of A School Shooter
  8. 8. SSI Findings:Characteristics of A School Shooter 63% were well-behaved.
  9. 9. SSI Findings:Characteristics of A School Shooter 39% were not retaliating for an injustice 41% showed little or no interest in violence prior to their attack.
  10. 10. SSI Findings:Profile of a School Shooter There is no accurate or useful “profile” of students who engaged in targeted school violence. A + B + C ≠ School Shooter
  11. 11. SSI Findings:Characteristics of A School Shooter 93% planned out their attack in advance
  12. 12. SSI Findings:Behavioral Cues 93% engaged in behavior that caused concern 81% of the time someone knew about the plan
  13. 13. Empirically Informed ThreatPrevention Identifying the Red Flags Relay the Red Flags to the appropriate administrator(s).
  14. 14. Obstacles toCommunication: ScatteredInformation  Many people knowing half the story No one knowing the whole story.
  15. 15. Obstacles to Communication:WHAT and WHERE to report? Training for:  RA’s  New Faculty  New Administrators  Students
  16. 16. Obstacles toCommunication: Fear Consequences of reporting. Students may not want to report.
  17. 17. Obstacles toCommunication: Scattered Information Lack of knowledge about  What and  Where to report Fear of Consequences
  18. 18. Suggestions Central location for information from:  Faculty  Administration  Students Trainings for students, new faculty, and new administrators on:  Identifying and  Reporting red flag behaviors Anonymous drop box for concerns.
  19. 19. References At, Deidra (2008). Black and Missing But Not Forgotten: Latina William’s Mother Releases Statement Regarding the LA Technical College Tragedy. Retrieved on May 1, 2009 from mother-releases.html. Langman, Peter (2009). Why Kids Kill: Inside the Minds of School Shooters. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. Bartol, C.R., Bartol, A.M. (2008). Introduction to Forensic Psychology: Research and Application. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishing Vossekuil, B., Fein, R.A., Reddy, M., Borum, R, Modzeleski, W. (2002). The Final Report and Findings of the Safe School Initiative: Implications for the Prevention of School Attacks in the United States. Retrieved on May 1, 2009 from