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Desalination Importance, Challenges, Opportunities

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This presentation is designed for common audience from different educational background to highlight them importance of Desalination in everyday life

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Desalination Importance, Challenges, Opportunities

  1. 1. 3W Systems 1 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions
  2. 2. 3W Systems 2 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutionsWater&WasteWaterSolutions Water ? Do not these unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were an integrated mass, then We split them and made every living thing from water? Will they not believe even then? Ayat -30; Al Anbiya
  3. 3. 3W Systems 3 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutionsWater&WasteWaterSolutions Water ?
  4. 4. 3W Systems 4 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutionsWater&WasteWaterSolutions Bear Grylls; Then Water is not an Issue
  5. 5. 3W Systems 5 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutionsWater&WasteWaterSolutions Common Man; Then Water is an Issue
  6. 6. 3W Systems 6 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutionsWater&WasteWaterSolutions Survival Without Water Upto 3 months without food & water Upto 6 months with food & without water
  7. 7. 3W Systems 7 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutionsWater&WasteWaterSolutions I Use Bottled/Boiled Water; Should I worry?  Water borne diseases (Drinking of contaminated water) e.g. Cholera  Water washed diseases (washing body with contaminated water) e.g. Scabbies  Water based diseases (parasite living in intermediate organism in contaminated water) e.g. Guinea worm disease  Insect Vector diseases (Disease transmitted through insect growing in contaminated water) e.g. Malaria
  8. 8. 3W Systems 8 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions Water Distribution on Earth
  9. 9. 3W Systems 9 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions Fresh Water Availability in Pakistan Source: (World bank, 2014)
  10. 10. 3W Systems 10 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions Water Scarcity & Stress Water Stressed = 1700-1200 m3/p/year Water Scarcity < 1000 m3/p/year
  11. 11. 3W Systems 11 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions Is this 97% Sea Water of Any Use?
  12. 12. 3W Systems 12 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions Yes! Yes! Yes!
  13. 13. 3W Systems 13 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions Sea Water Uses  Use of wave power for pumping sea water  Evaporation to get salts  Economical trades  Sea water antenna uses magnetic induction power sea water receive/transmit radiations  Rechargeable batteries Drinking/Potable Water
  14. 14. 3W Systems 14 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions Can We Drink Sea Water Directly
  15. 15. 3W Systems 15 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions Desalination Removal of salts to make it drinkable/potable  Reverse osmosis  Distillation  Electro dialysis  Vacuum freezing  Forward Osmosis
  16. 16. 3W Systems 16 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions KSA producing 20% desalinated water alone Largest desalination plant in South Asia is Minjur Desalination Plant near Chennai, which produces 36.5 million cubic meters of water per year Desalination Plants Around the World
  17. 17. 3W Systems 17 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions Desalination Plants Around the World  1869, first sea water distillation plant was built by GB.  1930, First large-scale desalination plant was built at Aruba, Netherlands Antilles.  Estimated installed quantity is 18,983 plants is  73 per cent is membrane desalination,  27 percent thermal Source: (Desalination.biz; 2016)
  18. 18. 3W Systems 18 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions  Largest RO plant in Ras Alkhair Saudi Arabia  1 million cubic meters water/day Desalination Plants Around the World
  19. 19. 3W Systems 19 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions Jabel Ali Desalination Station in Dubai Capacity: 140 million gallons per day Desalination Plants Around the World
  20. 20. 3W Systems 20 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions Desalination Plants in Pakistan DHA Karachi Desalination Plant  The first project of its kind in Pakistan which desalinates water from the Arabian Sea for human  The capacity desalination plant is 3 MGD
  21. 21. 3W Systems 21 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions Desalination Plants in Pakistan  Manora Desalination plant  200,000 to 250,000 gallons water per day for Navy. WAPDA has installed 12 desalination plants along Manchar lake. 50 MGD RO plant at Nabisar Sindh
  22. 22. 3W Systems 22 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions Desalination Challenges & Opportunities
  23. 23. 3W Systems 23 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions Desalination Challenges & Opportunities
  24. 24. 3W Systems 24 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions Desalination Challenges & Opportunities
  25. 25. 3W Systems 25 3W Systems Works Company Confidential Water&WasteWaterSolutions Acknowledgement & Thanks FCC Faculty, Staff Energetic Students & Event organizers FCC Day care center Honorable guests

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