Prevention of fire in data centres

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Prevention of fire in data centres

  1. 1. Prevention of fire in Data Centres 23rd March 2013 Matt Schofield matt.schofield@isolcell.it Roberto Cella r.cella@inasset.it Stefano Chiti STCH@cowi.no
  2. 2. Data Centre operators can lose >$1M*/hour if fire causes outage• Technology: – Blade servers running hotter in denser configurations – Data centre consolidation widening impact of outages• Regulation: – Sarbannes Oxley/Data Protection increases liability of CEO/CFO for losing critical records• Consumer visibility: – Mobile, internet and telephone access makes outages visible (c.f. Claro Arg fined >USD 2M for partial outage)Fuente: Proteccion contra el fuego.* Para un cliente de InAsset un outage de 17 minutos costo 660,000 euros
  3. 3. Traditional NFPA fixes leave a gap • Redundancy/continuity plan: – Good solution for critical systems with huge impact of any outage (e.g. United Airlines, 1999: 24,000 flights, 300,000 people) but cost USD M+ • Physical barriers around Data Centre: – Block 75% of causes of fire from outside Data Centre, but not the 25% which are due to internal overheating/failure • Detection and extinction: – Agents are themselves noxious (noise and peak pressure of discharge can damage hardware, and take up to a day to clean up), and faster air circulation for cooling makes detection harderFuente: Protegiendo la TI
  4. 4. Prevent fire with low oxygen • Proven: – Data Centre: Allianz, BMW, British Airways, Daimler Crystler, Deutsche Bank, Dresdner Bank, Lafarge, Siemens, TUV etc – Fruit: Isolcell storing 350,000 tonnes worldwide including Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru, Uruguay • Secure: – 14.5% oxygen (vs. 21% normal) is equivalent to being at 3,300m – Safe for human operators , but completely prevents ignition – Air is clean and low humidity, so it doesn’t damage hardware • Environmentally friendly: – Low energy process to reduce oxygen continuouslyFuente: Brochure Firefighter en, or_reference list
  5. 5. Isolcell in Green Mountain "world class" power usage effectiveness, reducing the cost of operation by up to 30 percent, because source water directly from the fjord year-round at a temperature of 46 degrees Fahrenheit (8 degrees Celsius)
  6. 6. Isolcell in Green Mountain 21,000 sq m spread over "3 x 2 floors of Mountain Halls: • 7,000 sq m of colocation space; • 4,000 sq m of containerized data racks
  7. 7. Isolcell in Green Mountain no carbon emissions. For resilience, the electricity supply will be fed directly from three separate hydroelectric power stations
  8. 8. Isolcell in Green Mountain
  9. 9. Isolcell in Green Mountain

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