Central Haiti Haiti's population center at the heart of the country—the sprawl surrounding the capital, and lands to the north. Northern Haiti Home to the country's most important cities outside the capital, as well as the foreign tourist's favorite beaches near Cape-Haïtien. Southern Haiti The Caribbean side of the country is the nation's less hectic region, with the up-and-coming Haitian backpacker destinations of Jacmel, Port Salut, and Île à Vache.
bearing the coat of arms, which contains a palm tree flanked by flags and two cannons above a scroll bearing the motto L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE (Union Makes Strength); the colors are taken from the French Tricolor and represent the union of blacks and mulattoes
Matthew 28:19-20 is the Great Commission - "Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
89.3million pop ECONOMY Michel Martelly president percapital income 780 . $2.00 per day with ½ 41:00 per day. Industry: Sugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement Agriculture: Coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice; wood Exports: Manufactures, coffee, oils, cocoa
Tangled relationship with the United states
Rice makes up 20 percent of the typical Haitian’s diet, and that percentage is growing. In 1981 Haiti imported 18,000 tons of rice. Now the country imports close to 400,000 tons annually. Less than a quarter is homegrown.
Secondly, a drive and a pride to find satisfaction no matter the circumstances. The Haitian people are enormously welcoming and proud, eager to show visitors the richness and diversity of their culture. pride is exhibited in its African roots, its old religion, its oral history, mythology, relationship with France, and its freedom in the new world..
It is obligatory for family to visit an ailing member. Haitian families are close, even if some are far away.
When children are disrespectful to their elders, they are said to reap a future of misfortune.
Dieties spirits anscestors, possession, trances magic, priestess, priest, evil spirits can cause illness
Traditional ceremonies were organized to appease the spirits and seek the blessing of ancestors for the Haitians
Day of the Dead; So everything living — but even rocks and the Earth — is considered to have spirit and have a spiritual nature."Elizabeth McAlister, a Voodoo expert at Wesleyan University, says at its core, the philosophy is really pretty simple.
Nationalists and others came to resent the Roman Catholic Church because of its European orientation and its alliance with the mulatto elite. François Duvalier opposed the church more than any other Haitian president. He expelled the archbishop of Portau -Prince, the Jesuit order, and numerous priests between 1959 and 1961. In response to these moves, the Vatican excommunicated Duvalier. When relations with the church were restored in 1966, Duvalier prevailed. A Haitian archbishop was named for the first time, and the president gained the right to nominate bishops. Catholic church changed and began tosupport theppheaants and urban poor
This may be out of respect for authority, as most Haitians respect healthcare providers and will not openly disagree. This may also be an attempt to hide illiteracy or confusion. Note: Nodding is often a sign of agreement, however, some may nod even if they do not understand what is being conveyed. Some Haitians may speak more loudly than what is customary in mainstream American society (when speaking amongst themselves). Passionate and animated communication is generally seen as authentic. This can be misinterpreted as being aggressive or agitated. Discussion may seem aggressive and confrontational to those unfamiliar with the Haitian culture
So what do you do if you live in the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere, and the price of the primary carbohydrate—“Miami rice” from the U.S.—doubles? Mostly, you go hungry and watch your children do the same. Boston Globe
Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has treated 12,000 cholera patients in five cholera treatment centers (CTCs) in Port-au-Prince and Léogâne, a town some 30 kilometers [18 miles] west of the capital. epidemic began in October 2010, the disease has infected approximately 600,000 people in Haiti (counting known cases only, though even that number amounts to roughly 6 percent of the country’s entire population) and has killed more than 7,500 people. Weak public health system, still pilesof rubish though out the capital, cholera epidemic last year. CDC has sent over 300 staff members ther there is acglobal commitment to help rebuild there public health system
iles of polyethene bags gather on roofs and attract flies. Some of them burst open upon impact and/or clog drainage systems. If they land on fractured water pipes, a drop in water pressure can cause the contents to be sucked into the water system. People can also be hit by the bags as they are blindly tossed. In the rainy season, drainage including excrement can enter residences; some children even swim in it. Such close contact leads to fears of diseases such as diarrhea, skin disorders, typhoid fever and malaria. The practice of defecating outside, away from one's house, especially in the dark, causes concern for one's personal safety as well, especially among girls and women.
“Women and girls are forced into prostitution in order to obtain basic necessities like food, etc. They are raped on a regular basis by members of the camps committee, who are in charge of distribution of food supplies in the camps. These committees consist of men,” Rape is a constant threat. In adequatea shelter, lighting security, privacy. political turmoil, dictatorships, despotic military regime, misery, poverty, destructions, ecocide, and natural disasters
Since cholera was introduced into Haiti 18 months ago — most likely by United Nations peacekeeping troops from Nepal, where the disease is endemic — more than a half-million people have gotten sick and at least 7,050 have died.
Haitian art in all forms is often political, reflecting the pulse of the country. It also devastated Haiti’s rich cultural heritage. Historic buildings, museums, libraries, archives, galleries, churches, theaters, artists' workshops and marketplaces were damaged and ruined. Smithsonian project. The Project aims to rescue, safeguard and preserve Haiti’s important collections of art, artifacts, museum objects, architectural features, documents, film, photographs and video and sound recordings. Influence on the painting and the culture derived from: (1) an African belief systems of life and styles which is more common among the peasantry; (2) the European influence, - the French language, the architecture and interior decorating, and as a way of life for some; (3) the influence of the Indians, which has survived in "utilitarian" objects and in goods such as cassava.
Expect no kow-towing. Impoverished Haitians will always accept gifts, but they will almost always stand straight, look you in the eye,
Hot Climate = Sweating more = Drinking More Water electrolytes, pack a small bottle of Febreeze to spray on clothes to freshen when you need to. Clothing hung in a closed wardrobe will mildew fairly quickly.
2 pair shoes walking shoes, water purification tablets,
Be Spiritually Guided on Your
When serving on or leading a mission team, we must prepare our
heart, our soul, and our mind for the work God has led us to do.
Within our own strength, we are limited as to what we can do.
Projects may seem impossible and for many, they are, but if we place
our faith and trust in God, He can accomplish all those things we find
Philippians 4:13 ' I can do all things through
Christ who strengthens me.'
Pray, Bring your pocket Bible, Be Mission
What’s the population?
What’s the currency?
What’s the exchange rate
When was Haiti discovered & by whom
Most famous Haitian General
Who is the President?
What are the major faiths?
What do you think the income level is?
First Free Black Republic
Revolution of 1791
was the only
revolt in world history
and the defining
moment of the
abolition of slavery
Haiti was one of the
richest colonies on
First Black Republic
Slave Revolt 1804
French collected 93 Million Francs in
A food importing nation, food self-sufficiency
a critical need
Devastating soil erosion
“Joie de Vivre“
Despite so much
misery in the country,
is the fact that there is
always a "joie de
vivre". The average
Haitian, no matter
what, will find
satisfaction with the
little he/she may
The family is the most
function and responsibility in
Family is considered and
consulted when making
Everything that an individual
does reflects and weighs on
Traditionally in Haitian culture,
each family has a reputation
which affects its status and
respect in society.
Children must never
show anger to their
are typically considered
to be an embarrassment
to their families.
Corporal Punishment: It
is not uncommon to
their children when they
Great stress may be placed on youth to
achieve high grades and excel
Children are expected to behave well and
be respectful and obedient to their elders.
Elders are highly respected in
Because they are wise and
have life experience, they are
often consulted for a variety of
issues (illness, mental
/emotional disturbances, civil
Elders often help raise their
Adult children/family members
are traditionally expected to
care for the elders.
Putting ailing or aging elders in
a nursing home is unheard of in
traditional Haitian culture.
"Manje Kreyòl Haitian Food:
African, French and Spanish
Chicken , Goat, Fish
bananas and guava to
grow in abundance,
Sugar Cane, Okra ,
Tarro root, beans,
coffee, cocoa, sweet
potatoes, cassava, rice
is a basic staple.
Voudon: Word Origin Benin
Traditional Haitian religious practice, Vodouisants believe in a
supreme being called Bondyè, from bon "good" + dyè "God.
Vodou's moral code focuses on the vices of dishonor and greed.
Generosity in giving to the community and to the poor is also an
important value. One's blessings come through the community,
and one should be willing to give back.
There is a diversity of practice in Vodou across the country of
Haiti and the Haitian diaspora.
As the songs are sung, participants believe that spirits come to
visit the ceremony, by taking possession of individuals and
speaking and acting through them.
Honoring the Ancestors
Voodou brings Solace
Grieving for those lost
"Voodoo in a nutshell
is about the idea that
everything material has
a spiritual dimension
that is more real" than
physical reality, she
Catholicism: Dominate Religion
Faith has been a
constant in Haitian life
especially after the
services have been
Building a new home
through CRS savings
Baptists Ministry in Haiti
The vision exhibited by Haitian
Baptists is of the view that
Christian ministry in the
Caribbean country has both a
rich heritage and a bright
together to focus on
holistic development in
Ten Strategies for Effective
Common greetings include:
Bonjou, kouman ou ye? – Hello how are you?
Sak pase - What’s up? (Informal greeting
exchanged between Haitians
Most Haitians greet new and formal acquaintances with a
They are addressed by their title (Monsieur, Madame, Doctor,
etc.) and last name.
Kisses (on one or both cheeks) are the customary greeting for
Friends and family are called by their first names.
Elders may be called aunt or uncle, even if they are not related.
When entering a room, one is obliged to greet everyone
Passionate and animated communication is generally seen as
A Season of Despair
520,000 People still
Despair Infects the
Filling Empty Bellies: Edible Clay
Huge Income gap between the Creole
speaking Black majority (95%) and the
French speaking Mulatto (African and
European decent) (5%)
Cholera remains a public health
The spread of
cholera in Haiti, the
disease remains a
lethal threat two
years after the
appeared in the
Cholera outbreak spread through water, can
be transmitted by eating contaminated food
The biggest concern in Haiti for travelers is
malaria, and dehydration.
Make an appointment with a travel clinic for
Port- au- Prince No Sewer
Not unusual: plastic bags
Some children have never
had the experience of
using a toilet as we know it
Haiti recently got there first
sewage treatment plant
The Resilience of Women
Women are traditionally the
nurturer in the family.
They handle the domestic duties
Women are expected to be
faithful and respectable.
Traditionally, females have less
freedom in Haitian society than
As single parenthood is a
common family arrangement in
Many women are also the head of
Women are the back bone of
Women and Girls
Women and girls
are often targets of
Men are traditionally the head of the households
and the primary breadwinners.
Males are the figure of authority within the family.
Men have relative social freedom when compared
to women in Haitian society (they are free to go
and come as they please).
In theory, traditional Haitian culture is considered
to be patriarchal. However,
Some argue that women are the backbone of
Tips on Haitian Culture
Culture of Haiti is the fusion of the African,
West Indian and the French cultures. The
national language of Haiti is "Creole" and this
language is widely used in arts, literature,
drama, music and dance.
Musical, Art, Cultural Nationalism
One of the richest
aspects of Haitian
culture, are the
of art. Haitian artists
like those around the
world, show the
beauty they see all
around to the world.
Art Brings Hard
Haitians are a very dignified people; they have
their pride, despite all they have had to endure.
There are some beggars and peddlers in the
cities, but they are the exception, not the rule.
Haiti is a nation of fairly conservative norms.
Modest dress when exploring Haiti's cities is
advised, especially for women. The smart visitor
should look people in the eye, wave hello, and
treat them with friendship and respect, as equals,
no matter how poor or desperate their living
conditions may seem.
Extreme poverty may be overwhelming if you have not
experienced this type of culture difference before.
Please do not emit a sense of repulse by some of the
things you see.
Be polite but not intrusive.
It is normal to ask questions of the locals.
Remember that you are a guest in their country.
Do not expect to be treated as a king or a queen
(though you might get some extra privileges) because
you are foreign or religious.
Haitians are warm and helpful people.
Ask permission before taking pictures of
locals (they often ask you for money). Never
walk about sticking your camera in people's
faces or taking pictures randomly. Do not
solely take pictures of the piles of trash you
may see in some of the bigger cities (such as
Cap-Haïtien or Port-au-Prince) or anything
else that Haitians are not proud of as it is
Give Voice to Locals
What Haitians see is that with all the money
that has been donated, basic problems are
The international aid organizations spend
weeks discussing Haitian issues, most of the
times with no Haitians present.
Working with Translators
Connect with your translator before working with
them to speak in public. Let them get use to
hearing your voice.
Avoid Clichés and colloquial phrases Avoid
Contractions (can’t Don’t) Use full phrase.
When speaking to a group do not look at your
translator look at the people you are speaking
with. Make eye contact with your audience. Wait
until translator finishes speaking before starting
your next sentence.
Working with Translators
Speak in complete thoughts and complete
sentences. Don’t speak in small phrases your
translator needs to understand your complete
thought and know where you are going.
One sentence at a time, The delay gives
Avoid using references to American culture to
describe things they are not familiar with our
sitcoms, movies sports top albums, or political
NEVER EVER pack your prescription medications in
your checked luggage.
Carry them on your person or in your carry-on bag.
As you make your medications list (consult with your
family doctor or travel health clinic while you're at it),
consider items like antacids, pain killers, Band-Aids,
upset stomach and diarrhea remedies, cortisone
creams, cough drops, antihistamines, antifungals and
My Fav’s peroxide, Golden Seal
Sometimes visitors to Haiti walk about handing out
candy or dollar bills. While many people,
especially children, will accept your offering, this is
offensive to most people as it compromises the
dignity of Haitians.
Carry an extra water bottle and food to share with
your driver, guide, or interpreter.
Be patient as nothing moves fast in Haiti. Most
people will find your whining amusing at best and
severely insulting at worst.
Take along those pouches of powdered
foodstuffs that can be prepared with boiling
water (many hotel rooms provide kettle,
carafe, coffee maker) such as hot chocolate,
cafe au lait, cappuccino, instant soups, instant
oatmeal and a few tea bags with a few sugar
packets protein/meal replacement bar, dried
fruit & nuts. Pack a few plastic utensils, and a
Travel Tips Continued
Flashlight , batteries or led solar powered
Hand sanitizer, insect repellant, mosquito net
sun screen, sunglasses
Travel Tips- Women
Women should as a rule dress modestly in
Haiti, no matter what the local Haitians are
wearing. They have limited resources and
know the culture. Opt for longer loose-fitting
skirts or looser-fitting slacks, and avoid
skimpy tops. Longer sleeves will help with
cleanliness and sun and mosquito/insect
protection. Avoid heavy or obvious makeup,
Washington Occupational Health Associates
1140 19th St. NW Suite 700 Washington, D.C.
Alexandria, Sterling, Vienna, Manassas
Don’t be Naive
There are some
forms of crime.
U.S. Embassy Port-
Open Monday - Friday
7:00 A.M. - 3:30 P.M.
Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP)
The Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) is a free
service provided by the U.S. Government to U.S. citizens
who are traveling to, or living in, a foreign country. STEP
allows you to enter information about your upcoming trip
abroad so that the Department of State can better assist
you in an emergency. STEP also allows Americans residing
abroad to get routine information from the nearest U.S.
embassy or consulate.
The security situation in Haiti remains unpredictable. You should
avoid all demonstrations and protests as they have a high risk of
turning violent. We recommend you monitor the local media for
new safety and security threats.
Foreign aid workers have been the target of kidnapping, and
other violent crimes. You should take precautions to ensure your
personal security, particularly at night.
There is an ongoing cholera outbreak in Haiti. Thousands of
people have died and hundreds of thousands more have been
infected. See the Health section for more information.
Be a smart traveler. Before heading overseas:
organize comprehensive travel insurance and check what
circumstances and activities are not covered by your policy.
Travel with a companion.
Law Enforcement Liaison
The RSO provides security
information and assistance to
American affiliated businesses,
educational, cultural and religious
institutions and NGO's. The
primary means for such support is
through the Haitian Chapter of the
Overseas Security Advisory
Council (OSAC). The RSO
provides briefing materials and
contingency plans to cope with
fires, bomb threats, evacuations,
and other issues.
• Petty crime and
fraud schemes do exist in
Freetown particularly –
valuables/cash in public,
• You can lock
valuables in your room
safe (in hotels), although
keep your passport with
you at all times. Copy it.
• You should keep
your phone charged and
with you at all times. As
well, let someone know
where you are going and
when you expect to be
• Ensure you travel
with a hard copy of
tickets or itinerary for all
travel into and out of Haiti
Freq Used: G1, G5, 5, 10,
Freq Used: G10, G25,
G50, G100, G250, G1000
Bank of the Republic of
Any AT&T or T Mobile
phone with a SIM card
swap out the card. Basic
Digicel phones are pay
as you go for minutes.
Sprint shift to global
Expect broad band to be less