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Caraka Samhita Brief introduction

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Presented a brief introduction on Caraka Samhita for general public.

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Caraka Samhita Brief introduction

  1. 1. - CARAKA SAMHITA - A Brief Introduction Dr. Jayesh Thakkar vaidyam.jayesh@gmail.com @VdJayeshThakkar
  2. 2. Caraka Samhita is a fundamental text of Ayurveda It has 8 sections totaling 120 chapters It is primarily a text of Kayachikitsa (internal medicine) speciality It explains the basic principles of Ayurvedic science for healthy living
  3. 3. Sampuraka Dridabala (4 Cent AD) Pratisamskarta Caraka (2-3 Cent BC) Tantrakarta Agnivesa (1000 BC) Adyupadesta Punarvasu Atreya
  4. 4. physician. II. Nidana (pathology) - 8 chapters discuss the pathology of eight chief diseases. III. Vimana (specific determination)- 8 chapters contain pathology, various tools of diagnostics & medical studies and conduct. IV. Sarira (anatomy) - 8 chapters describe embryology & anatomy of a human body. V. Indriya (sensorial prognosis) - 12 chapters elaborate on diagnosis & prognosis of disease on the basis of senses. VI. Cikitsa (theraputics) - 30 chapters deal with special therapy. VII. Kalpa (pharmaceutics and toxicology) - 12 chapters describe usage and preparation of medicine.
  5. 5. Some aspects of Caraka Samhita  It describes the principles of Ayurveda (panchamahabhuta, tridosha & dhatu siddhanta, food, prakriti, agni, etc.) and its eight branches.  Emphasises on promotive and preventive measures for health (dinacharya, ratricharya, ritucharya, sadvritta, rasayana & vajikarana)  Rational classification of dravyas and description of 50 groups based on their action and use. Therapeutics of single drug, simple combination & special combinations-yoga for curing various diseases are given.  Methods of clinical examination & assessment through yukti is discussed.  Ethics and basics of medical practice are elaborated.  Detail description of almost every known disease is given. Disease, its definition, synonym, nidaan (cause), samprapti (pathology), rupa-bheda (type-states), cikitsa siddhanta (treatment principles), pathya (diet & regimen) and prognosis are discussed.
  6. 6. Some sailent features First Brihat-trayi (Major text of Ayurveda) 9295 Sutras, 1949 Yogas(medicine), 12,000 Slokas(about 9498 available) 41+ Samskrit commentaries Numerous hindi, regional languages, english & foreign languages translations Because of its immense benefit getting re- acceptance in this 21st century
  7. 7. Some important slokas Arogya (Health) is the basis for four pursartha – Dharma, Artha, Kama & Moksha. (Ca.Su.01/15) Hetu (causes), linga (symptoms) and ausadha (treatment) are trisutras of Ayurveda, the science which is meant for both healthy & diseased, the science which is saswat & punya was propagated by Brahma..(Ca.Su.01/24)
  8. 8. The four types of Ayu- Hita, Ahita, Sukha and Dukha, their good & bad aspects, pathya-apathya, span, etc are described in science of Ayurveda. Sareer, indriya , mann and atma – this combination is Ayu… (Ca.Su.01/41-42)
  9. 9. Importance of Ausadha jnana: Like poison, sastra, fire & asani, the improper knowledge of ausadha in treatment can be life threatening. (Ca.Su.01/124) Vayu(Vata), Pitta & Kapha are the three sareer dosa; Raja and Tama are the dosa of mana. (Ca.Su.01/57)
  10. 10. As ruler of a kingdom looks after his kingdom, a charioteer his chariot, similarly the intelligent should take care of his sareera. (Ca.Su.05/103) Bhisaka(physician), dravya(medicine), upasthata(attendant) and rogi(patient) are the four pada for managing disease conditions. (Their respective qualities are henceforth mentioned). (Ca.Su. 09/03)
  11. 11. First roga pariksha (examine & diagnose the disease) then decide or think over the ausadha (treatment) and therapies. The physician who starts treatment without proper diagnosis may not succeed with medicinal knowledge only…(Ca.Su.20/20-21)
  12. 12. The purpose (of this science) is safe-guarding the health of the healthy and secondly curing the disease of the diseased person. (Ca.Su 30/26) The eight branches of Ayurveda are Kayaciktsa (Internal Medicine), Salakya (Eye-ENT), Salya (Surgery), Visha (Toxicology), Bhutvidya (Psychiatry), Kaumarbhrita (Pediatrics), Rasayan (Rejuvination) & Vajikrana (Reproductive medicine). (Ca.Su. 30/28)
  13. 13. Sarira is the abode of Chetana(Soul) and vikara samudaya of panchamahabhuta. (Ca.Sa.06/04) Embryology: The embryo/foetus is developed from four contributions – that of mother, father, food & atma. (Ca.Sa.02/26)
  14. 14. Some important references  500 Mahakasaya(Ca.Su.04)  Swasthavrita(Ca.Su.05)  Ritucharya(Ca.Su.06),  Oja(Ca.Su.17)  Disease classification(Ca.Su.19)  Types of Sleep(Ca.Su.21)  Ahaar-pak(Ca.Su.28)  Branches of Ayurved(Ca.Su.30)  Pragyapradh(Ca.Ni.07)  Janpada-dhamsa (Ca.Vi.03)  Mana-Atma-Moksha (Ca.Sa.01)  Aushada Kala(Ca.Ci.30)  Drug/Medicine collection(Ca.Ka.01)  Tantrayukti(Ca.Si.12)
  15. 15. List of some in detail discussed diseases Jwar (Fever), Raktapitta (Bleeding disorders), Pandu (Anaemia), Kamala (Jaundice), Prameha (Diabetes), Kushta (Skin disorder), Swas (Respiratory disorders), Rajyakshma (TB/Immunosuppressed condition), Vatavyadhi, Yonivyapada(Gynae disorders), Hrdroga, Arsha (Piles), etc. (*The near co-relation is given in bracket) List of some very efficient medicines Chyawanprash, Narayan Churna, Shitopaladi Churna, Pusyanuga Churna, Khadiradi Gutika, Bala Taila, Pinda Taila, Panchagavya Ghrita, Mahakalyanaka Ghrita, Abhayarista, Punarnava Mandoor, etc.
  16. 16. AYU = LIFE VEDA = KNOWLEDGE Acharya Caraka – CARAKA SAMHITA (*A desc. pic)

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