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Educational Planning and
Implementation (EPI)
-Nature, Need and Importance of Planning
-Planning for planning
-Objectives of Plan
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
Content
• Definitions of Planning
• Introduction of Planning
• Steps of Planning
• Importance of Educational Planning
• Limits of Educational Planning
• Need of Educational Planning
• Principles of Planning
• Planning For Planning
• Objectives of Plan
• Nature of Educational Planning
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
• “Planning is to design some action to be done before
hand”
• Oxford English Dictionary
“Planning selects some alternatives, explores routes before
travel begins and identifies possible or probable outcomes
of action”
• Dickinson View
“ Planning refers to an organisation which is connected
with production, distribution and consumption.“
Planning Definitions
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
• Planning is the basic function of management and it is a process
of setting goals, developing strategies, and outlining tasks and
schedules to accomplish the goals. It also refers to the process of
deciding what to do and how to do it.
• Planning occurs at many levels, from day-to-day decisions made
by individuals and families, to complex decisions made by
businesses and governments.
Introduction of Planning
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
Good planning requires a methodical process that clearly defines the
steps that lead to optimal solutions. This process should reflect the
following principles:
• Comprehensive – all significant options and impacts are
considered.
• Efficient – the process should not waste time or money.
• Inclusive – people affected by the plan have opportunities to be
involved.
• Informative – results are understood by stakeholders (people
affected by a decision).
Principles of Planning
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
Planning asks the following questions: What? When? Where? By whom?
How? while following a series of steps:
·Defining Objectives
·Determining the current status with respect to the objectives
·Determining planning premises (analysing the situation for external factors
and forecasting future trends; generation of future scenarios)
·Identifying alternative (best alternative to accomplish the
objectives)
·Choosing an alternative (selecting the course of action to be pursued)
·Formulating support plans (arranging for human and material resources)
·Implementing the plan (action stage which also involves evaluation)
Steps of Planning
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
Steps of Planning
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
Importance of Educational Planning
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
Importance of Educational Planning
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
Importance of Educational Planning
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
The Need For Educational Planning
• The developments taking place in and the increasing complexity of the
educational system have made educational planning as absolute
necessity.
• The nation today faces problems such as population explosion, man-
power needs, mismatch between educational products and the
demands of the economy, decreasing resources, ecological imbalances
and haphazard applications of scientific developments.
• These problems place demands on the system of education for
solutions.
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
The Need For Educational Planning
Educational planning is an absolute necessity because:
(1) It ensures success of the institution. It takes into consideration the
important issues, conditions, constraints and factors in education. It is proactive
in nature in that it emphasizes perception and ability to apply theory and profit
from it in advance of action. It clarifies goals and the means to achieve those
goals. Thus it eliminates trial-and-error process, reduces chances of failure and
ensures success.
(2) The scarcity of financial and other non-material resources poses a challenge
to education. Planning is a response to such challenges and explores the
possibilities of alternative uses and optimum utilization of limited resources.
Planning is necessary to streamline educational expansion especially in rural,
tribal and other backward areas.
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
The Need For Educational Planning
3. Effective and efficient planning ensures optimum utilization of
funds thus ensuring expansion of educational facilities
4. Education is considered as an investment for human resource
development. Planning is necessary to ensure that human resources
are developed as per need and there will be high returns to
education.
(5. Education is a public service demanded by the public and
supplied by the government. For any government effort of such a
large magnitude as education, planning is absolutely necessary. It is a
co-ordinated means of attaining pre-determined purposes.
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
The Need For Educational Planning
6. Educational planning is one of the components of the overall
national socio-economic development. The over-all planning has to
state the objectives of education and provide the finances for
educational development for accomplishing these objectives
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
Nature of Planning
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
Nature of Educational Planning
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
Planning for
Planning
"Planning for planning" typically refers to the
process of developing a structured and systematic
approach to create, implement, and manage plans.
Here are a few key aspects of "planning for
planning":
1. Methodology Development:
Establishing a clear methodology or set of
guidelines for planning activities. This may involve
defining the steps involved in creating a plan, the
roles and responsibilities of team members, and the
tools or software to be used.
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
Planning for
Planning
2.Goal Setting:
Determining the objectives and goals of the planning
process. What is the purpose of the plan? What are
the desired outcomes? Identifying these goals helps
guide the planning efforts.
3.Resource Allocation:
Allocating the necessary resources (financial,
human, time, etc.) for the planning process. This
includes identifying the budget, securing the right
personnel, and ensuring that there's enough time to
complete the planning activities.
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
Planning for
Planning
4.Data Collection and Analysis
Gathering the relevant data and information needed
for planning. This might involve market research, data
analysis, and environmental scanning to make
informed decisions during the planning process.
5. Risk Assessment
Identifying potential risks and challenges that may
arise during the planning process and developing
strategies to mitigate them. This includes
considering various scenarios and their potential
impact on the plan.
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
Planning for
Planning
6.Stakeholder Engagement
Involving key stakeholders in the planning
process. This could be internal team
members, external partners, or other
relevant parties who have a vested interest
in the plan's success.
7. Documentation
Creating clear and comprehensive documentation
of the planning process, including objectives,
strategies, timelines, and responsibilities. This
documentation serves as a reference point and a
communication tool for all involved parties.
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
Planning for
Planning
8.Continuous Improvement
Establishing mechanisms for ongoing
evaluation and refinement of the planning
process. This ensures that plans remain
relevant and effective over time and can
adapt to changing circumstances.
Overall, "planning for planning" is a strategic approach to
ensure that the planning process itself is well-structured,
efficient, and effective, leading to better outcomes when
implementing the actual plans. It's a way to ensure that the
effort invested in planning yields the desired results.
Dr.Hafiz Kosar
It's important for
objectives to be SMART:
- Specific
-Measurable
-Relevant
Objectives
of a Plan -Achieveable
-Time bound Dr.Hafiz Kosar
The objectives of a plan can vary widely depending on the type of a plan and
its intended purpose, but they generally serve the following purposes:
Clarity of Purpose Goal Setting
Focus and
Prioritization
Motivation
Measurement
and Evaluation
Communication Accountability
Adaptation and
Flexibility
Resource
Allocation
Risk
Management
Dr.Hafiz Kosar

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Nature Need and Importance of Planning.pptx

  • 1. Educational Planning and Implementation (EPI) -Nature, Need and Importance of Planning -Planning for planning -Objectives of Plan Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 2. Content • Definitions of Planning • Introduction of Planning • Steps of Planning • Importance of Educational Planning • Limits of Educational Planning • Need of Educational Planning • Principles of Planning • Planning For Planning • Objectives of Plan • Nature of Educational Planning Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 3. • “Planning is to design some action to be done before hand” • Oxford English Dictionary “Planning selects some alternatives, explores routes before travel begins and identifies possible or probable outcomes of action” • Dickinson View “ Planning refers to an organisation which is connected with production, distribution and consumption.“ Planning Definitions Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 4. • Planning is the basic function of management and it is a process of setting goals, developing strategies, and outlining tasks and schedules to accomplish the goals. It also refers to the process of deciding what to do and how to do it. • Planning occurs at many levels, from day-to-day decisions made by individuals and families, to complex decisions made by businesses and governments. Introduction of Planning Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 5. Good planning requires a methodical process that clearly defines the steps that lead to optimal solutions. This process should reflect the following principles: • Comprehensive – all significant options and impacts are considered. • Efficient – the process should not waste time or money. • Inclusive – people affected by the plan have opportunities to be involved. • Informative – results are understood by stakeholders (people affected by a decision). Principles of Planning Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 6. Planning asks the following questions: What? When? Where? By whom? How? while following a series of steps: ·Defining Objectives ·Determining the current status with respect to the objectives ·Determining planning premises (analysing the situation for external factors and forecasting future trends; generation of future scenarios) ·Identifying alternative (best alternative to accomplish the objectives) ·Choosing an alternative (selecting the course of action to be pursued) ·Formulating support plans (arranging for human and material resources) ·Implementing the plan (action stage which also involves evaluation) Steps of Planning Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 8. Importance of Educational Planning Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 9. Importance of Educational Planning Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 10. Importance of Educational Planning Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 11. The Need For Educational Planning • The developments taking place in and the increasing complexity of the educational system have made educational planning as absolute necessity. • The nation today faces problems such as population explosion, man- power needs, mismatch between educational products and the demands of the economy, decreasing resources, ecological imbalances and haphazard applications of scientific developments. • These problems place demands on the system of education for solutions. Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 12. The Need For Educational Planning Educational planning is an absolute necessity because: (1) It ensures success of the institution. It takes into consideration the important issues, conditions, constraints and factors in education. It is proactive in nature in that it emphasizes perception and ability to apply theory and profit from it in advance of action. It clarifies goals and the means to achieve those goals. Thus it eliminates trial-and-error process, reduces chances of failure and ensures success. (2) The scarcity of financial and other non-material resources poses a challenge to education. Planning is a response to such challenges and explores the possibilities of alternative uses and optimum utilization of limited resources. Planning is necessary to streamline educational expansion especially in rural, tribal and other backward areas. Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 13. The Need For Educational Planning 3. Effective and efficient planning ensures optimum utilization of funds thus ensuring expansion of educational facilities 4. Education is considered as an investment for human resource development. Planning is necessary to ensure that human resources are developed as per need and there will be high returns to education. (5. Education is a public service demanded by the public and supplied by the government. For any government effort of such a large magnitude as education, planning is absolutely necessary. It is a co-ordinated means of attaining pre-determined purposes. Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 14. The Need For Educational Planning 6. Educational planning is one of the components of the overall national socio-economic development. The over-all planning has to state the objectives of education and provide the finances for educational development for accomplishing these objectives Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 16. Nature of Educational Planning Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 17. Planning for Planning "Planning for planning" typically refers to the process of developing a structured and systematic approach to create, implement, and manage plans. Here are a few key aspects of "planning for planning": 1. Methodology Development: Establishing a clear methodology or set of guidelines for planning activities. This may involve defining the steps involved in creating a plan, the roles and responsibilities of team members, and the tools or software to be used. Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 18. Planning for Planning 2.Goal Setting: Determining the objectives and goals of the planning process. What is the purpose of the plan? What are the desired outcomes? Identifying these goals helps guide the planning efforts. 3.Resource Allocation: Allocating the necessary resources (financial, human, time, etc.) for the planning process. This includes identifying the budget, securing the right personnel, and ensuring that there's enough time to complete the planning activities. Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 19. Planning for Planning 4.Data Collection and Analysis Gathering the relevant data and information needed for planning. This might involve market research, data analysis, and environmental scanning to make informed decisions during the planning process. 5. Risk Assessment Identifying potential risks and challenges that may arise during the planning process and developing strategies to mitigate them. This includes considering various scenarios and their potential impact on the plan. Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 20. Planning for Planning 6.Stakeholder Engagement Involving key stakeholders in the planning process. This could be internal team members, external partners, or other relevant parties who have a vested interest in the plan's success. 7. Documentation Creating clear and comprehensive documentation of the planning process, including objectives, strategies, timelines, and responsibilities. This documentation serves as a reference point and a communication tool for all involved parties. Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 21. Planning for Planning 8.Continuous Improvement Establishing mechanisms for ongoing evaluation and refinement of the planning process. This ensures that plans remain relevant and effective over time and can adapt to changing circumstances. Overall, "planning for planning" is a strategic approach to ensure that the planning process itself is well-structured, efficient, and effective, leading to better outcomes when implementing the actual plans. It's a way to ensure that the effort invested in planning yields the desired results. Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 22. It's important for objectives to be SMART: - Specific -Measurable -Relevant Objectives of a Plan -Achieveable -Time bound Dr.Hafiz Kosar
  • 23. The objectives of a plan can vary widely depending on the type of a plan and its intended purpose, but they generally serve the following purposes: Clarity of Purpose Goal Setting Focus and Prioritization Motivation Measurement and Evaluation Communication Accountability Adaptation and Flexibility Resource Allocation Risk Management Dr.Hafiz Kosar