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MANAGEMENT &
ADMINISTRATION
Educational Planning and Implementation (EP
Dr. Hafiz Kosar
TABLE OF CONTENT
• What is management?
• Basic Functions of management
• What is Educational Management?
• Administration
• Educational Administration
WHAT IS MANAGEMENT?
Management in business and organizations is the function
that coordinates the efforts of people to accomplish goals
and objectives using available resources efficiently and
effectively. Management comprises planning, organizing,
staffing, leading or directing, and controlling an organization
or initiative to accomplish a goal. Resourcing encompasses
the deployment and manipulation of human, financial
resources, technological resources, and natural resources.
Management is also an academic discipline, a social science
whose object of study is the social organization
MANAGEMENT AS AN ART
As an art, management is about carrying out organisational
functions and tasks through people. This art involves the
application of techniques in:
• human and public relations
• the delegation of an authority: assigning and sharing
responsibilities and duties
• communication: including decision-making and problem-
solving.
• managing change
MANAGEMENT AS A SCIENCE
Management here is concerned with establishing a philosophy, laws,
theories, principles, processes and practices which can be applied in
various situations, including schools.
MANAGEMENT AS AN ORGANISATION
As an organisation, management is about creating formal structures and
an establishment based on a mission (or goals), objectives, targets,
functions and tasks. For example, social and welfare organisations in
government management can refer to education and health services,
whilst public security management services could refer to the police and
military.
MANAGEMENT AS A PERSON
Managements may be seen as a person or a group of people. For example, a teacher
could say 'The school management has changed the timetable in the middle of the
term'. This could be referring to the head alone, or to all the senior staff, or it could
refer to the members of the board of governors or school committee. In schools
with several promoted staff a 'senior management team' might be formed in much
the same way as a government has a cabinet of ministers.
In this sense, management is a field of
study with various subjects and topics.
Knowledge, skills and attitudes in
management can be acquired through
learning, from experience and from
certified courses
MANAGEMENT AS A DISCIPLINE
Management is a collection of processes,
including such things as decision-
making, problem-solving and action-
planning. These processes involve the
management of resources including
human, material, financial and time.
These processes are also known as the
functions of managers
BASIC FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT
Management is the process of planning,
organizing, coordinating, and controlling resources
(people, finances, materials, technology, and
information) within an organization to achieve
specific goals and objectives efficiently and
effectively. It is a fundamental function in both
business and non-business entities, and it plays a
crucial role in the success and sustainability of any
organization.
Planning Organizing
This involves setting objectives, goals, and
strategies for the organization. Managers
analyze the current situation, identify
opportunities and threats, and develop
plans to achieve the desired outcomes.
Managers must arrange resources and tasks in
a way that enables the organization to
accomplish its goals. This includes designing
the organizational structure, defining roles and
responsibilities, and allocating resources
appropriately
BASIC FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT
Leading Controlling
Leadership is about guiding and motivating
employees to work towards the
organization's goals. Effective leaders
inspire and influence their teams, foster
teamwork, and resolve conflicts.
Managers monitor progress toward goals and make
adjustments as necessary. This involves setting
performance standards, measuring actual
performance, comparing it to the standards, and
taking corrective actions when needed.
Decision-
Making
Managers make numerous decisions, from
routine operational choices to strategic
planning. These decisions can be based on
data analysis, intuition, experience, or a
combination of these factors.
Effective communication is essential in
management. Managers must convey
information, provide feedback, and ensure that
all employees understand their roles and
responsibilities.
Communication
BASIC FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT
Problem Solving Adaptation
Managers often face challenges and
problems that require analytical and
creative thinking. They must identify issues,
analyze root causes, and develop solutions
to address them.
In a rapidly changing business environment,
managers need to be adaptable and responsive to
new trends, technologies, and market conditions.
Management can be applied at various levels within an organization, including top-level
management (executives), middle-level management (department heads), and front-line
or lower-level management (supervisors). It is a multifaceted discipline that encompasses
various functions and skills, and it is crucial for achieving an organization's mission and
objectives. Different management theories and approaches exist, including classical
management, behavioral management, contingency management, and more, which
provide different perspectives on how to effectively manage organizations and people.
SKILLS
DEVELOPED
d Political: used to build a power base and establish
connections Conceptual: used to analyze complex
situations. Interpersonal: used to communicate, motivate,
mentor and delegate Diagnostic: ability to visualize most
appropriate response to a situation Leadership: ability to
lead and provide guidance to a specific group Technical:
Expertise in one's particular functional area.
WHAT IS EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT?
Meaning:
While Education is the provision of a series of learning
experiences to students in order to
impart knowledge, values, attitudes and skills with the
ultimate aim of making them productive members of
society, Educational Management is the process of
planning, organising, directing and controlling the
activities of an institution by utilising human and
material resources so as to effectively and efficiently
accomplish functions of teaching, extension work and
research.
EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT
Nature and Scope:
The National Policies on Education seek to bring about a social,
economic and cultural development in society by focusing on
human resource development through education. Education,
therefore, must have more relevant curricula, be dynamic, and
empower students to bring about desirable social changes
while preserving the desirable aspects of our existing culture.
The national developmental goals require the professional
management of education to bring about the effective and
efficient functioning of educational institutions. The scope of
Educational Management is wide and includes the history and
theories of management science, roles and responsibilities of
an educational manager along with the requisite managerial
skills.
EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT
Nature and Scope:
The National Policies on Education seek to bring about a
social, economic and cultural development in society by
focusing on human resource development through
education. Education, therefore, must have more
relevant curricula, be dynamic, and empower students to
bring about desirable social changes while preserving
the desirable aspects of our existing culture
EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT
Educational Management focuses on:
the study of theories of management science which define
and describe the roles and responsibilities of the educational
manager and the development of managerial skills. the study
of educational planning at macro levels, its goals, principles,
approaches and processes and on institutional planning and
educational administration at the micro level. decision
making, problem solving, communication, information
management and effective team building. Planning of
curricular and co-curricular activities, curriculum and
academic calendar Maintenance of school records, evaluation
of students‟ achievement Effective allocation of financial
resources and the planning of the budgets of institutions
EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT
Educational Management aims at:
Achieving an institution’s objectives Improving the
processes of planning, organising and implementing
within the institution Creating, enhancing and
maintaining a positive public image of the institution.
Optimal utilisation of human resources (administrators,
non-teaching staff, teaching staff and students)
Enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of
infrastructure Enabling job satisfaction Creating and
maintaining a congenial and cohesive atmosphere
Managing interpersonal conflicts, stress 5 Improving
interpersonal communication. Building a relationship
with the community.
FUNCTIONS OF EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT
The functions of Educational Management are
largely based on Henry Fayol’s 14 Principles of
Management, namely, Division of work
·Authority Discipline
·Unity of command
·Unity of direction
·Subordination of individual interests
·Remuneration
·Centralisation
·Scalar chain
·Material and social order
·Equity
·Stability
·Initiative
·Esprit de corps
Administration refers to the process of managing and overseeing the
activities, operations, and resources of an organization, institution,
government, or other entities in order to achieve specific goals and
objectives. It involves planning, organizing, coordinating, and controlling
various functions and processes to ensure that they run smoothly and
efficiently. Administration can apply to various contexts, including
business administration, public administration (in government),
healthcare administration, educational administration, and more. The
specific duties and responsibilities of administrators may vary depending
on the nature and goals of the organization or institution they serve.
Key components of administration typically include:
ADMINISTRATION
ADMINISTRATION Coordinating:
Ensuring that different parts of the organization
work together harmoniously to achieve common
goals.
Planning:
Setting goals, defining objectives, and
developing strategies to achieve them.
Organizing:
Structuring the organization, allocating
resources, and assigning responsibilities to
individuals or departments.
Controlling
Monitoring progress, evaluating performance,
and making necessary adjustments to ensure
that the organization stays on track.
Making informed choices and implementing
policies and procedures to guide the
organization.
Decision-Making
EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION
Educational Management and Educational Administration are terms used
interchangeably. However, Educational Administration is a specialised activity
which runs the entire educational programme composed of human and
material resources in an organised manner towards a fruitful and constructive
goal. Educational institutions operate in a dynamic environment. They
therefore must constantly identify and implement improvements in their own
setup. Doing so requires the administrators, faculty, and staff to constantly
access training and developmental opportunities. The process of continuous
improvement thrives when the mindset of the stakeholders is geared towards
constant monitoring, problem identification and research
FUNCTIONS OF EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION
Management and Adminstration.pptx
Management and Adminstration.pptx
Management and Adminstration.pptx
Management and Adminstration.pptx

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Management and Adminstration.pptx

  • 1. MANAGEMENT & ADMINISTRATION Educational Planning and Implementation (EP Dr. Hafiz Kosar
  • 2. TABLE OF CONTENT • What is management? • Basic Functions of management • What is Educational Management? • Administration • Educational Administration
  • 3. WHAT IS MANAGEMENT? Management in business and organizations is the function that coordinates the efforts of people to accomplish goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively. Management comprises planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling an organization or initiative to accomplish a goal. Resourcing encompasses the deployment and manipulation of human, financial resources, technological resources, and natural resources. Management is also an academic discipline, a social science whose object of study is the social organization
  • 4. MANAGEMENT AS AN ART As an art, management is about carrying out organisational functions and tasks through people. This art involves the application of techniques in: • human and public relations • the delegation of an authority: assigning and sharing responsibilities and duties • communication: including decision-making and problem- solving. • managing change
  • 5. MANAGEMENT AS A SCIENCE Management here is concerned with establishing a philosophy, laws, theories, principles, processes and practices which can be applied in various situations, including schools.
  • 6. MANAGEMENT AS AN ORGANISATION As an organisation, management is about creating formal structures and an establishment based on a mission (or goals), objectives, targets, functions and tasks. For example, social and welfare organisations in government management can refer to education and health services, whilst public security management services could refer to the police and military.
  • 7. MANAGEMENT AS A PERSON Managements may be seen as a person or a group of people. For example, a teacher could say 'The school management has changed the timetable in the middle of the term'. This could be referring to the head alone, or to all the senior staff, or it could refer to the members of the board of governors or school committee. In schools with several promoted staff a 'senior management team' might be formed in much the same way as a government has a cabinet of ministers.
  • 8. In this sense, management is a field of study with various subjects and topics. Knowledge, skills and attitudes in management can be acquired through learning, from experience and from certified courses MANAGEMENT AS A DISCIPLINE
  • 9. Management is a collection of processes, including such things as decision- making, problem-solving and action- planning. These processes involve the management of resources including human, material, financial and time. These processes are also known as the functions of managers
  • 10. BASIC FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT Management is the process of planning, organizing, coordinating, and controlling resources (people, finances, materials, technology, and information) within an organization to achieve specific goals and objectives efficiently and effectively. It is a fundamental function in both business and non-business entities, and it plays a crucial role in the success and sustainability of any organization. Planning Organizing This involves setting objectives, goals, and strategies for the organization. Managers analyze the current situation, identify opportunities and threats, and develop plans to achieve the desired outcomes. Managers must arrange resources and tasks in a way that enables the organization to accomplish its goals. This includes designing the organizational structure, defining roles and responsibilities, and allocating resources appropriately
  • 11. BASIC FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT Leading Controlling Leadership is about guiding and motivating employees to work towards the organization's goals. Effective leaders inspire and influence their teams, foster teamwork, and resolve conflicts. Managers monitor progress toward goals and make adjustments as necessary. This involves setting performance standards, measuring actual performance, comparing it to the standards, and taking corrective actions when needed. Decision- Making Managers make numerous decisions, from routine operational choices to strategic planning. These decisions can be based on data analysis, intuition, experience, or a combination of these factors. Effective communication is essential in management. Managers must convey information, provide feedback, and ensure that all employees understand their roles and responsibilities. Communication
  • 12. BASIC FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT Problem Solving Adaptation Managers often face challenges and problems that require analytical and creative thinking. They must identify issues, analyze root causes, and develop solutions to address them. In a rapidly changing business environment, managers need to be adaptable and responsive to new trends, technologies, and market conditions. Management can be applied at various levels within an organization, including top-level management (executives), middle-level management (department heads), and front-line or lower-level management (supervisors). It is a multifaceted discipline that encompasses various functions and skills, and it is crucial for achieving an organization's mission and objectives. Different management theories and approaches exist, including classical management, behavioral management, contingency management, and more, which provide different perspectives on how to effectively manage organizations and people.
  • 13. SKILLS DEVELOPED d Political: used to build a power base and establish connections Conceptual: used to analyze complex situations. Interpersonal: used to communicate, motivate, mentor and delegate Diagnostic: ability to visualize most appropriate response to a situation Leadership: ability to lead and provide guidance to a specific group Technical: Expertise in one's particular functional area.
  • 14. WHAT IS EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT? Meaning: While Education is the provision of a series of learning experiences to students in order to impart knowledge, values, attitudes and skills with the ultimate aim of making them productive members of society, Educational Management is the process of planning, organising, directing and controlling the activities of an institution by utilising human and material resources so as to effectively and efficiently accomplish functions of teaching, extension work and research.
  • 15. EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT Nature and Scope: The National Policies on Education seek to bring about a social, economic and cultural development in society by focusing on human resource development through education. Education, therefore, must have more relevant curricula, be dynamic, and empower students to bring about desirable social changes while preserving the desirable aspects of our existing culture. The national developmental goals require the professional management of education to bring about the effective and efficient functioning of educational institutions. The scope of Educational Management is wide and includes the history and theories of management science, roles and responsibilities of an educational manager along with the requisite managerial skills.
  • 16. EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT Nature and Scope: The National Policies on Education seek to bring about a social, economic and cultural development in society by focusing on human resource development through education. Education, therefore, must have more relevant curricula, be dynamic, and empower students to bring about desirable social changes while preserving the desirable aspects of our existing culture
  • 17. EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT Educational Management focuses on: the study of theories of management science which define and describe the roles and responsibilities of the educational manager and the development of managerial skills. the study of educational planning at macro levels, its goals, principles, approaches and processes and on institutional planning and educational administration at the micro level. decision making, problem solving, communication, information management and effective team building. Planning of curricular and co-curricular activities, curriculum and academic calendar Maintenance of school records, evaluation of students‟ achievement Effective allocation of financial resources and the planning of the budgets of institutions
  • 18. EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT Educational Management aims at: Achieving an institution’s objectives Improving the processes of planning, organising and implementing within the institution Creating, enhancing and maintaining a positive public image of the institution. Optimal utilisation of human resources (administrators, non-teaching staff, teaching staff and students) Enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of infrastructure Enabling job satisfaction Creating and maintaining a congenial and cohesive atmosphere Managing interpersonal conflicts, stress 5 Improving interpersonal communication. Building a relationship with the community.
  • 19. FUNCTIONS OF EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT The functions of Educational Management are largely based on Henry Fayol’s 14 Principles of Management, namely, Division of work ·Authority Discipline ·Unity of command ·Unity of direction ·Subordination of individual interests ·Remuneration ·Centralisation ·Scalar chain ·Material and social order ·Equity ·Stability ·Initiative ·Esprit de corps
  • 20. Administration refers to the process of managing and overseeing the activities, operations, and resources of an organization, institution, government, or other entities in order to achieve specific goals and objectives. It involves planning, organizing, coordinating, and controlling various functions and processes to ensure that they run smoothly and efficiently. Administration can apply to various contexts, including business administration, public administration (in government), healthcare administration, educational administration, and more. The specific duties and responsibilities of administrators may vary depending on the nature and goals of the organization or institution they serve. Key components of administration typically include: ADMINISTRATION
  • 21. ADMINISTRATION Coordinating: Ensuring that different parts of the organization work together harmoniously to achieve common goals. Planning: Setting goals, defining objectives, and developing strategies to achieve them. Organizing: Structuring the organization, allocating resources, and assigning responsibilities to individuals or departments. Controlling Monitoring progress, evaluating performance, and making necessary adjustments to ensure that the organization stays on track. Making informed choices and implementing policies and procedures to guide the organization. Decision-Making
  • 22. EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION Educational Management and Educational Administration are terms used interchangeably. However, Educational Administration is a specialised activity which runs the entire educational programme composed of human and material resources in an organised manner towards a fruitful and constructive goal. Educational institutions operate in a dynamic environment. They therefore must constantly identify and implement improvements in their own setup. Doing so requires the administrators, faculty, and staff to constantly access training and developmental opportunities. The process of continuous improvement thrives when the mindset of the stakeholders is geared towards constant monitoring, problem identification and research
  • 23. FUNCTIONS OF EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION