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Aust pharm march 2014


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talk to the pharmacy guild of Australia on PCMH level care

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Aust pharm march 2014

  1. 1. The Foundation for Reenginering Healthcare Patient Centered Medical Home Paul Grundy MD, MPH IBM‘s Director Healthcare Transformation President Patient Centered Primary Care Collaborative
  2. 2. Paul Grundy MD MPH Bio • “Godfather” of the Patient Centered Medical Home • IBM Global Director Healthcare Transformation • President of PCPCC • Member Institute of Medicine • Member Board ACGME • Professor Univ. of Utah Department Family Medicine • Winner NCQA national Quality Award • A Leader of MOH level taskforce primary care transformation 8 nations: USA, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, Holland, Denmark, UK, Belgium, • Univ. of California MD, John Hopkins Trained
  3. 3. Population Health System Integrator Patient Experience The System Integrator Creates a partnership across the medical neighborhood Drives PCMH primary care redesign Offers a utility for population health and financial management Per Capita Cost Public Health Away from Episode of Care to Management of Population Hospital Community Health
  4. 4. 36.3% Drop in hospital days 32.2% Drop in ER use 12.8% Increase Chronic Medication use -15.6% Total cost 10.5% Drop Inpatient specialty care costs 18.9%Ancillary costs down 15.0%Outpatient specialty down Outcomes of Implementing Patient Centered Medical Home Interventions: A Review of the Evidence from Prospective Evaluation Studies in the US - PCPCC Oct 2013 Smarter Healthcare
  5. 5. Rural New York • Commercial/ASO insurance cost decreased from $380 per-patient-per-month in 2009 to $316 in 2012 • Costs for Medicaid patients dropped from $334 to $266, according to a recent “risk adjusted” analysis.
  6. 6. PCMH Lower Costs Aug 5th 2013 Pennsylvania • 44% reduction in hospital costs • 21% reduction in overall medical costs. • 160 PCMH practices Pennsylvania from 2008 to 12 • Number of patients with poorly controlled diabetes declined by 45%. Jeffrey Bendix
  7. 7. PCMH Michigan – Aug 11th 2013 • 19.1% lower rate of adult hospitalization. • 8.8% lower rate of adult ER visits. • 17.7% lower rate ER visits (children under age 17) • 7.3% lower rate of adult high-tech radiology usage VS other non-PCMH designated primary care physicians. 3,017 Physicians . Medical home physicians help patients avoid ERs and admissions by evening hour appointments, weekend and same-day appointments
  8. 8. •1/3 less cardiac intervention needed •60% less complication Diabetes
  9. 9. Trajectory to Value Based Purchasing: Achieving Real Care Coordination and Outcome Measurement Source: Hudson Valley Initiative
  10. 10. TODAY’S CARE PCMH CARE My patients are those who make appointments to see me Our patients are the population community Care is determined by today’s problem and time available today Care is determined by a proactive plan to meet patient needs with or without visits Care varies by scheduled time and memory or skill of the doctor Care is standardized according to evidence-based guidelines Patients are responsible for coordinating their own care A prepared team of professionals coordinates all patients’ care I know I deliver high quality care because I’m well trained We measure our quality and make rapid changes to improve it It’s up to the patient to tell us what happened to them We track tests & consultations, and follow-up after ED & hospital Clinic operations center on meeting the doctor’s needs A multidisciplinary team works at the top of our licenses to serve patients Slide from Daniel Duffy MD School of Community Medicine Tulsa Oklahoma 12
  11. 11. “We do the best heart surgeries.”
  12. 12. Superb Access to Care Patient Engagement in Care Clinical Information Systems, Registry Care Coordination Team Care including medication management Communication Patient Feedback Mobile easy to use and Available Information Defining the Care Centered on Patient
  13. 13. • Meaningful use 3 IOM • 1) EHR will assist with follow up orders and specialty consult results returned to the ordering provider. referral will be held accountable. (healthcare plans or example will not pay the specialist to answer Primary care question and follow up 2) Remote mobile Providers emr will record unique device identifier when patients have a device implanted. or engaged. (medication monitoring) • 3) EHR can access medication fill information from pharmacy, PBMs and drug monitoring program data 4)Providers provide patients with an easy way to request amendments to their records online. 5) Providers can receive provider requested electronically submitted patient generated information. 6) Eligible and critical access hospitals can send e-notifications to members of a patient's care team. 7) EHR can use external knowledge to prompt an end user when criteria are met for case reporting. 8) all lab results pushed to patients portals within 30 days. 9) Primary care will be able to connect with social service agencies
  14. 14. USA 2012 Ogden, Ut
  15. 15. MobileFirst Patient Consumer
  16. 16. Remaking Blood Chemistry - continuously test hundred different samples, 40% of today’s blood
  17. 17. Mobile Sensing emotion for mental health status -- analyzes facial expressions Mobile Sensing position for asthma -- integrates GPS into inhalers Mobile Sensing motion for Alzheimer’s -- monitoring gait Mobile Sensing ingestion of medications. activated by stomach fluid Mobile Sensing for sleep disorders -- tracks breath, heart rate, motion Mobile Sensing for diabetes. continuous monitoring iPhone non invasive sensor. Mobile Sensing for readmission prevention -- BP, weight, pulse, ekg Mobile Sensing for exercise wellness -- benefit design feedback MobileFirst Remote Sensing
  18. 18. Preventive Medicine Medication Refills Acute Care Nursing Test Results Master Builder DOCTOR Practice transformation away from episode of care Master Builder Source: Southcentral Foundation, Anchorage AK Behavioral Health Case Manager Medical Assistants Chronic Disease Monitoring
  19. 19. PCMH Parallel Team Flow Design The glue is real data not a doctors Brain Medication Refills Chronic Disease Monitoring Test Results Acute Care Preventive Medicine Point of Care Testing Acute Mental Health Complaint Chronic Disease Compliance Barriers Healthcare Support Team Behavioral Health Medical Assistants Case Manager ProviderClinician Source: Southcentral Foundation, Anchorage AK
  20. 20. Healthcare will Transform • Data Driven • Every patient has a plan • Team based • Managing a Population Down to the Person
  21. 21. Payment reform requires more than one method, you have dials, adjust them!!! “fee for health” fee for value “fee for outcome” “fee for process” “fee for belonging “fee for service” “fee for satisfaction”
  22. 22. New $ Dials • Complex Chronic Care Management payment codes. authorize payments to physicians for the work that goes into managing complex patients outside of their actual office visits. • House Energy and Commerce Committee Bill repeals SGR moving Medicare payments away from FFS toward new, innovative models. •
  23. 23. 26 % Total Healthcare Spend % of Members Benefit Redesign - Patient Engagement Different Strategies for Different Healthcare Spend Segments Those who are well or think they are well Those with chronic illness Those with severe, acute illness or injuries 26
  24. 24. Benefit Redesign • Cost 2013 $16,351 emp on ave paying $4,565 • Federal government Final Rules wellness incentives. • Smoker --employer may increase your insurance premiums by up to 50 percent. • Overweight, you may look at a 30 percent surcharge. • And employers may also reduce premiums by up to 30 percent for normal weight.
  25. 25. benefit design reference pricing • California Public Employees' Retirement System (CalPERS), from 2008 to 2012. • insurer sets limits on the amount to be paid for a procedure, with employees paying any remaining difference. • Shift by Patients from high to low cost 55.7% • Hospitals reduced their prices by an ave of 20%. • Accounted for $2.8 million in savings in 2011 Health Aff August 2013 vol. 32no. 8 1392-1397
  26. 26. Public Health Prevention Specialists PCMH 2.0 in Action Community Care Team Nurse Coordinator Social Workers Dieticians Community Health Workers Care Coordinators Public Health Prevention HEALTH WELLNESS Hospitals PCMH PCMH Health IT Framework Global Information Framework Evaluation Framework Operations A Coordinated Health System 35 Copyright 2011 by IBM
  27. 27. Reengineering for Health Care Three types of businesses undertake reengineering: • Those at the peak of their game & ambitious executives • those that reengineer to stay ahead, and • those in deep trouble. The US health care system is in trouble, and rather than single reforms, it needs and is getting reengineered. • 7 days to 4 hours # of deals increased a 100 fold JAMA - Feb 2013, Ari Hoffman, MD, Ezekiel J. Emanuel, MD, PhD