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To Regulate or not to Regulate - Opening the AI Black Box for Parliaments

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To Regulate or not to Regulate - Opening the AI Black Box for Parliaments

  1. 1. TO REGULATE OR NOT TO REGULATE Opening the AI Black Box for Parliaments Dr. Fotis Fitsilis Scientific Service, Hellenic Parliament June 29, 2021 1
  2. 2. Line of thoughts Motivation ParlTech AI in Parliament Why regulation? Summary and outlook 2
  3. 3. What's the Buzz? Systemic digitalization Emerging technologies Institutional imbalance Is AI a threat for parliament? Counteractions and regulations 3
  4. 4. “emerging technologies that fully or partially automate or even advance processes of parliamentary nature”+ Analogy to GovTech and FinTech Not a single technology Parliamentary hype cycle ParlTech 4 +Koryzis, Dalas Spiliotopoulos, Fitsilis (2021) ParlTech:Transformation Framework for the Digital Parliament. BDCC 5(1).
  5. 5. Parliamentary hype cycle 5
  6. 6. Interna corporis HeP: ~1400 tasks (~300 competencies) 220+ possible use cases of AI Match user needs with technology trends Parameters: priority vs. relevance (equiv. to PHC) Cross-sectoral / inter-disciplinary support 6
  7. 7. 2021World e-Parliament Report (forthcoming): 10% of parliaments make use of AI (?) Finnish Parliament: Committee for the Future Interviewing of AI personae Project December: driven by GPT-3 model+ Goals: reportedly UN Agenda2030, significance of AI (!) AI: the Eduskunta use case 7 + Fitsilis (forthcoming) AI in Parliaments - PreliminaryAnalysis of the Eduskunta Experiment.
  8. 8. Autoregressive language model Produces human-like text 175 billion parameters Essentially a black-box system Customisable at the front end Not designed to answer semantic/ethical questions To expect so is science fiction+ GPT-3 basics 8 + Floridi and Chiriatti, 2020
  9. 9. Research directions Known AI-related challenges ethics, bias, legal, know-how & more…. Parliaments sufficiently equipped to absorb ParlTech? Institutional prerequisites Possibilities for counteraction Regulation (inter-institutional and/or stand alone) 9
  10. 10. Our current research on AI 10 Access to beta-test OpenAI's GPT-3 API Access to Project December API Cooperation with leading GR and int’l institutions Development of AI use cases
  11. 11. Regulation of advanced algorithms+ 11 + Fitsilis (2019) Regulatory dimensions (ind.): Level of regulation Degree of regulation Joint/stand-alone action Legal grounds Standardization process Level and legal grounds of regulations
  12. 12. Boundary conditions Turning the AI black-box into a white-box Digital strategy User-driven development In-house regulations Code of conduct Transparency & trust ExplainableAI 12
  13. 13. Summary & outlook The difficult path forward Lots of hype around AI Not a Artificial General intelligence It does what it does ParlTech: Uncertain use cases / lack of a killer app Cooperative action necessary Determination of regulatory parameters 13
  14. 14. Contact & disclaimer www: fitsilis.gr E-mail: fitsilisf@parliament.gr The information and views set out in this presentation are only those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official opinion of the Hellenic Parliament 14

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