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Promoting innovation for code of conduct of MPs and parliamentary staff

  1. 1. PROMOTING INNOVATION FOR CODE OF CONDUCT OF MPS AND PARLIAMENTARY STAFF Dr. Fotios Fitsilis Hellenic Parliament 6 December 2021
  2. 2. CONTENTS  Motivation  UN convention against corruption  GOPAC  IPAK  Codes of Conduct (CoC)  Suggestions  Contact and disclaimer 2
  3. 3. MOTIVATION  “Corruption is an insidious plague that has a wide range of corrosive effects on societies. It undermines democracy and the rule of law, leads to violations of human rights, distorts markets, erodes the quality of life and allows organized crime, terrorism and other threats to human security to flourish.”* 3 *Foreword to the UN Convention against Corruption
  4. 4. GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTION 58/4  United Nations Convention against Corruption  Adopted by the GA of the UN on 31/10/2003  Ratified by Philippines on 8/11/2006  Highlights the need for international cooperation (Chapter IV)  Foresees technical assistance and information exchange (Chapter VI)  Can act as a moral & legal base for follow-up parliamentary action 4
  5. 5. GOPAC  Global Organization of Parlamentarians Against Corruption,  Founded in 10/2002  Current or former legislators  Operational model: model uses Global Task Forces (GTF)  Members and observers 5
  6. 6. INTER-PARLIAMENTARY ALLIANCE AGAINST KLEPTOCRACY (IPAK)  Kickoff event on 7/12/2021  Founders:  U.S. Caucus against Foreign Corruption and Kleptocracy  EU Parliament Anti-Corruption Intergroup  UK All-Party Parliamentary Group on Anti-Corruption and Responsible Tax 6
  7. 7. CODES OF CONDUCT  Ex-ante, intra-parliamentary approach  A moral obstacle  Parliament may opt to impose penalties (moral, financial, procedural etc.)  Different codes for different roles  Members of Parliament (e.g. ethical code)  Parliamentary professionals (e.g. researcher code) 7
  8. 8. SUGGESTIONS  MPs: Be part of regional & international networks  Parliament: Start developing a CoC  A CoC is not necessarily dedicated to combat corruption and can act as a wider moral compass  Can be jointly developed with international & civil society organizations  Needs to be aligned with domestic and customary practices 8
  9. 9. CONTACT AND DISCLAIMER 9 The information and views set out in this presentation are only those of the author and do not reflect the official opinion of the Hellenic Parliament