Role of Family Physician in OH
Faisal Al Hadad
Consultant of Family Medicine
& Occupational Health
Occupational diseases are underrecognized due to:
- the reluctance of patients to connect a health problem with
- the limited time available to take a complete occupational
Family physicians can play an important role in improving the
recognition of occupational disease, preventing progressive
illness and disability in their own patients, and contributing to
the protection of other workers similarly exposed.
Taking the Occupational History
What type of work do you do?
Do you think your health problems might be related to your
Are your symptoms different at work and at home?
Are you currently exposed to chemicals, dusts, metals, radiation,
noise or repetitive work?
Have you been exposed to chemicals, dusts, metals, radiation,
noise or repetitive work in the past?
Are any of your co-workers experiencing similar symptoms?
Comprehensive Occupational History
Job history (dates of employment, major job duties, military service)
Occupational exposures (exposures for each job duty, exposure
dosage, presence of exposure controls e.g. LEV, PPE)
Temporal relationship of symptoms to work (timing of symptoms may
be linked to the use of a certain substance, the activation of a specific
process or a change of materials)
Symptoms among co-workers
Non-occupational exposures (recreational activities, hobbies, unpaid
work, habits, drug use )
Additional Exposure Information
Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
Consultation or Referral to an OH
The extent of a patient's exposure
The likely health effects of the exposure
Appropriate diagnostic tests
Possible workplace interventions to reduce exposure
Recommendations on the patient's return to work
(Legal Responsibilities (KSA
Ministry of Health
Ministry of Labour
The General Organization for Social Insurance
“available laws and regulations are in need of
modification and proper enforcement”