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principle of Mulligan concept
Debanjan Mondal
MPT {Musculoskeletal}
introduction
• Brian Mulligan described novel
concept of the simultaneous
application of therapist applied
accessory mobilizations and patient
generated active movements .
• Increased function and decreased
pain are expected to be immediate
and sustained with the application of
these techniques with no pain
experienced during their utilization.
• Brian Mulligan's concept of
mobilizations with movement
(MWMS) is the logical continuance
of this evolution with the concurrent
application of both therapist applied
accessory and patient generated
active physiological movements.
• These techniques were developed by Mulligan
in New Zealand through his role as the
principle clinical instructor for the New
Zealand Manipulative Therapy Associations
Graduate Diploma program and over 30 years
in private clinical practice.
First used in the cervical spine, MWMs quickly
found their way into the treatment of
peripheral joint dysfunctions and have
undergone clinical refinement and expansion
to all areas of the spine and most extremity
joints.
Mulligan’s manual therapy technique
• MWM’S {mobilization with
movement}
• NAGS {natural apophyseal glides}
• SNAGS {sustained natural apophyseal
glides}
• SMWAMS {spinal mobilizations with
arm movements}
Principles of Treatment
• Specific to the application of MWMs the
following basic principles have been
developed:
• 1. During assessment the therapist will
identify one or more comparable signs as
described by Maitland
• 2. A passive accessory joint mobilization is
applied following the principles of
Kaltenborn (i.e. parallel or perpendicular to
the joint plane) This accessory glide must
itself be pain free.
• 3. The therapist must continuously monitor
the patients reaction to ensure no pain is
recreated.
• 4. While sustaining the accessory glide, the
patient is requested to perform the comparable
sign.
• 5. Failure to improve the comparable sign
would indicate that the therapist has not found
the correct treatment plane, grade of
mobilization, spinal segment or that the
technique is not indicated.
• 6. The previously restricted and/or painful
motion or activity is repeated by the patient
while the therapist continues to maintain the
appropriate accessory glide.
•
• 7. Further gains are expected with repetition
during a treatment session particularly when
pain-free overpressure is applied.
• NAGS- In the cervical spine.
• an oscilatory mid to end range facet joint
mobilizations applied antero-cranially
performed in seated weight bearing.
• gliding force is always performed parallel to
the surface of the relevant apophyseal joints
under treatment
• NAGS provide the therapist with an
opportunity to both assess and treat the
patient in the closed kinetic chain weight
bearing position where most patients
experience their symptoms.
• SNAGS- techniques involve the concurrent
application of both therapist applied
accessory apophyseal joint gliding and end
range active physiological movement on the
part of the patients.
• As these techniques are sustained at the end
of available pain-free range and still follow the
plane of the apophyseal joints under
treatment, they have gained the name
"Sustained Natural Apophyseal Glides".
Mulligan claims these to be a new
and unique approach as they:
• 1. Are performed exclusively in weight bearing.
• 2. Are mobilizations which are combined with
active or passive physiological movements.
• 3. Follow the Kaltenborn treatment plane rule
that applies to both spinal and extremity joints.
• 4. Are sustained at the end of range where pain-
free overpressure may be applied.
• 5. Are applicable to all spinal joints.
• 6. Allow the therapist to quickly decide if they are
indicated and will become part of a given therapy
regime.
• 7. Are painless when performed correctly and
clinically indicated.
• 8. Produce immediate and sustained gains in pain-
free function
• 9. There is straight forward procedure for
each movement loss. Which technique is
applied when there is a painful movement
loss.
• 10. they carried out at end range .
• 11. patient can do self SNAGS.
THANK -YOU

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Principles of mulligan

  • 1. principle of Mulligan concept Debanjan Mondal MPT {Musculoskeletal}
  • 2. introduction • Brian Mulligan described novel concept of the simultaneous application of therapist applied accessory mobilizations and patient generated active movements .
  • 3. • Increased function and decreased pain are expected to be immediate and sustained with the application of these techniques with no pain experienced during their utilization.
  • 4. • Brian Mulligan's concept of mobilizations with movement (MWMS) is the logical continuance of this evolution with the concurrent application of both therapist applied accessory and patient generated active physiological movements.
  • 5. • These techniques were developed by Mulligan in New Zealand through his role as the principle clinical instructor for the New Zealand Manipulative Therapy Associations Graduate Diploma program and over 30 years in private clinical practice.
  • 6. First used in the cervical spine, MWMs quickly found their way into the treatment of peripheral joint dysfunctions and have undergone clinical refinement and expansion to all areas of the spine and most extremity joints.
  • 7. Mulligan’s manual therapy technique • MWM’S {mobilization with movement} • NAGS {natural apophyseal glides} • SNAGS {sustained natural apophyseal glides} • SMWAMS {spinal mobilizations with arm movements}
  • 8. Principles of Treatment • Specific to the application of MWMs the following basic principles have been developed: • 1. During assessment the therapist will identify one or more comparable signs as described by Maitland
  • 9. • 2. A passive accessory joint mobilization is applied following the principles of Kaltenborn (i.e. parallel or perpendicular to the joint plane) This accessory glide must itself be pain free. • 3. The therapist must continuously monitor the patients reaction to ensure no pain is recreated.
  • 10. • 4. While sustaining the accessory glide, the patient is requested to perform the comparable sign. • 5. Failure to improve the comparable sign would indicate that the therapist has not found the correct treatment plane, grade of mobilization, spinal segment or that the technique is not indicated.
  • 11. • 6. The previously restricted and/or painful motion or activity is repeated by the patient while the therapist continues to maintain the appropriate accessory glide. • • 7. Further gains are expected with repetition during a treatment session particularly when pain-free overpressure is applied.
  • 12. • NAGS- In the cervical spine. • an oscilatory mid to end range facet joint mobilizations applied antero-cranially performed in seated weight bearing. • gliding force is always performed parallel to the surface of the relevant apophyseal joints under treatment
  • 13. • NAGS provide the therapist with an opportunity to both assess and treat the patient in the closed kinetic chain weight bearing position where most patients experience their symptoms.
  • 14. • SNAGS- techniques involve the concurrent application of both therapist applied accessory apophyseal joint gliding and end range active physiological movement on the part of the patients.
  • 15. • As these techniques are sustained at the end of available pain-free range and still follow the plane of the apophyseal joints under treatment, they have gained the name "Sustained Natural Apophyseal Glides".
  • 16. Mulligan claims these to be a new and unique approach as they: • 1. Are performed exclusively in weight bearing. • 2. Are mobilizations which are combined with active or passive physiological movements. • 3. Follow the Kaltenborn treatment plane rule that applies to both spinal and extremity joints. • 4. Are sustained at the end of range where pain- free overpressure may be applied.
  • 17. • 5. Are applicable to all spinal joints. • 6. Allow the therapist to quickly decide if they are indicated and will become part of a given therapy regime. • 7. Are painless when performed correctly and clinically indicated. • 8. Produce immediate and sustained gains in pain- free function
  • 18. • 9. There is straight forward procedure for each movement loss. Which technique is applied when there is a painful movement loss. • 10. they carried out at end range . • 11. patient can do self SNAGS.