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21stC Cybersecurity Trends: 2018-2025 & Beyond!...

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Presentation to the ISSA Summer Cybersecurity Conference on HQS Wellington Ship on the River Thames, London - 5th July 2018. The keynote talk covers the TOP 10 Cyber Attacks - APT, Stealth Monitoring, Toxic eMail, Classic Malware, Custom Bots,, DDoS, Ransomware & DNS/Proxy Re-routing..We present Cybervision Scenarios for 2018 (Integrated Security), 2019(Self-Adaptive), 2020 (Self-Learning), 2025 (Cyber-Intelligent) and finally 2040 (Neural Security & Artificial Silicon Life!). This is followed by a brief survey of Maritime Security including the BIMCO & IET Guidelines and then wrapped up with a summary of the New Cybersecurity Toolkit. The presentation has a strong focus on the applications of artificial intelligence, Machine Learning & Deep Learning (Neural Networks) to Cybersecurity Solutions. In addition there is analysis of the fields of Intelligent Video Analytics, Digital Forensics & Cyber-Biometrics together with some real world solutions. Finally there is reference to Strategy Toolkits such as those from the United Nations / ITU, and from NIST = US National Institute of Standards & Technology. I would like to thank Sophie Wingrove & Team for their kind invitation to speak at this CyberSecurity Conference!

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21stC Cybersecurity Trends: 2018-2025 & Beyond!...

  1. 1. •• 2121ststCC CyberCyber Defence & TrendsDefence & Trends ........20182018 -- 20252025 && BeyondBeyond!....!.... 1 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 ........20182018 -- 20252025 && BeyondBeyond!....!.... Dr David E. ProbertDr David E. Probert VAZAVAZA InternationalInternational Dr David E. ProbertDr David E. Probert VAZAVAZA InternationalInternational Dedicated to Ethan, Alice, Hugh, Matthew, Abigail, Micah, Roscoe & Tatiana!Dedicated to Ethan, Alice, Hugh, Matthew, Abigail, Micah, Roscoe & Tatiana!
  2. 2. ISSAISSA CyberSecurity ConferenceCyberSecurity Conference -- 20182018 Venue:Venue: HQS WellingtonHQS Wellington -- Thames, LondonThames, London 2 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 HMS Wellington (U65)HMS Wellington (U65): “Grimsby: “Grimsby--Class Sloop”Class Sloop” -- Launched Devonport 1934Launched Devonport 1934 Photo:Photo: Ship Moorings @ Thames EmbankmentShip Moorings @ Thames Embankment
  3. 3. “Visualisation of Cyberspace”:“Visualisation of Cyberspace”: Global IP “WHOIS” AddressesGlobal IP “WHOIS” Addresses 3 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 …From 19…From 19ththC Physical World To 21C Physical World To 21ststC Intelligent WorldC Intelligent World! ...! ...“CYBER”“CYBER” == ΚυβερνήτηςΚυβερνήτης == CybernetesCybernetes == “Ship Steersman/Pilot”“Ship Steersman/Pilot”
  4. 4. “Visualisation of Cyberspace”:“Visualisation of Cyberspace”: Global IP “WHOIS” AddressesGlobal IP “WHOIS” Addresses 4 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 …From 19…From 19ththC Physical World To 21C Physical World To 21ststC Intelligent WorldC Intelligent World! ...! ...“CYBER”“CYBER” == ΚυβερνήτηςΚυβερνήτης == CybernetesCybernetes == “Ship Steersman/Pilot”“Ship Steersman/Pilot”
  5. 5. “Visualisation of Cyberspace”:“Visualisation of Cyberspace”: Global IP “WHOIS” AddressesGlobal IP “WHOIS” Addresses 5 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 …From 19…From 19ththC Physical World To 21C Physical World To 21ststC Intelligent WorldC Intelligent World! ...! ...
  6. 6. Cyberspace CensusCyberspace Census -- 20122012 6 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Link:Link: census2012.sourceforge.net/census2012.sourceforge.net/hilberthilbert//
  7. 7. Cyberspace (Hilbert Map):Cyberspace (Hilbert Map): Browser Zoom(1)Browser Zoom(1) 7 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  8. 8. Cyberspace (Hilbert Map):Cyberspace (Hilbert Map): Browser Zoom(2)Browser Zoom(2) 8 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  9. 9. Cyberspace (Hilbert Map):Cyberspace (Hilbert Map): Browser Zoom(3)Browser Zoom(3) 9 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  10. 10. Cyberspace (Hilbert Map):Cyberspace (Hilbert Map): Browser Zoom(4)Browser Zoom(4) 10 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Link:Link: census2012.sourceforge.net/census2012.sourceforge.net/hilberthilbert//
  11. 11. UN/ITUUN/ITU –– GlobalGlobal CybersecurityCybersecurity IndexIndex Only 73 Nations (38%)Only 73 Nations (38%) 11 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Only 73 Nations (38%)Only 73 Nations (38%) Publish Public DomainPublish Public Domain CyberSecurity StrategiesCyberSecurity Strategies Available on UN/ITUAvailable on UN/ITU Website:Website: ww.itu.intww.itu.int
  12. 12. The Challenging Complexity ofThe Challenging Complexity of Securing IP CyberspaceSecuring IP Cyberspace 12 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  13. 13. 11 –– CyberCyberCrime:Crime:CyberCyberTerror:Terror:CyberCyberWarWar “OUR“OUR CyberCyber SocietySociety”” 22 –– “TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats“TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats “YOUR“YOUR CyberCyber Defence”Defence” 3 ––Scenario 2018Scenario 2018: Cyber & Physical Tools: Cyber & Physical Tools “Integrated Security”“Integrated Security” CyberCyberSecuritySecurity 20182018--20252025 && BeyondBeyond!...!... 13 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 “OUR“OUR CyberCyber SocietySociety”” “YOUR“YOUR CyberCyber Defence”Defence” “Integrated Security”“Integrated Security” 44 –– Scenario 2019Scenario 2019: Internet of Things: Internet of Things--!OT!OT “Self“Self--Adaptive”Adaptive” 55 ––Scenario 2020:Scenario 2020: Machine LearningMachine Learning “Self“Self--Learning”Learning” 66 –– Scenario 2025: Artificial IntelligenceScenario 2025: Artificial Intelligence ““CyberCyber--Intelligent”Intelligent” 77 –– ScenarioScenario 2040: Artificial Silicon Life!.2040: Artificial Silicon Life!. ““NeuralNeural Security”Security” 88–– 2121ststCC Maritime SecurityMaritime Security TrendsTrends ““CyberCyber @ Sea”@ Sea” 9 –CyberCyber VISIONVISION to Securityto Security NOWNOW!..!.. “NEW“NEW CyberCyber Toolkit”Toolkit”
  14. 14. 11 –– CyberCyberCrime:Crime:CyberCyberTerror:Terror:CyberCyberWarWar “OUR“OUR CyberCyber SocietySociety”” 22 –– “TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats“TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats “YOUR“YOUR CyberCyber Defence”Defence” 3 ––Scenario 2018Scenario 2018: Cyber & Physical Tools: Cyber & Physical Tools “Integrated Security”“Integrated Security” CyberCyberSecuritySecurity 20182018--20252025 && BeyondBeyond!...!... 11 –– CyberCyberCrime:Crime:CyberCyberTerror:Terror:CyberCyberWarWar 14 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 “OUR“OUR CyberCyber SocietySociety”” “YOUR“YOUR CyberCyber Defence”Defence” “Integrated Security”“Integrated Security” 44 –– Scenario 2019Scenario 2019: Internet of Things: Internet of Things--!OT!OT “Self“Self--Adaptive”Adaptive” 55 ––Scenario 2020:Scenario 2020: Machine LearningMachine Learning “Self“Self--Learning”Learning” 66 –– Scenario 2025: Artificial IntelligenceScenario 2025: Artificial Intelligence ““CyberCyber--Intelligent”Intelligent” 77 –– ScenarioScenario 2040: Artificial Silicon Life!.2040: Artificial Silicon Life!. ““NeuralNeural Security”Security” 88–– 2121ststCC Maritime SecurityMaritime Security TrendsTrends ““CyberCyber @ Sea”@ Sea” 9 –CyberCyber VISIONVISION to Securityto Security NOWNOW!..!.. “NEW“NEW CyberCyber Toolkit”Toolkit” 11 –– CyberCyberCrime:Crime:CyberCyberTerror:Terror:CyberCyberWarWar “OUR Cyber Society”“OUR Cyber Society”
  15. 15. ““CyberCyberCrimeCrime,, CyberCyberTerrorTerror && CyberCyberWarWar”” 1)1) Media:Media: Global News Reports of Cyber Attacks! 2)2) TOP Threats:TOP Threats: We explore the TOP 10 Threats, & Mechanisms exploited by “Bad Guys”! 3)3) Cyber Reality:Cyber Reality: Understand the Criminal & Political Reality behind Cyber Attacks! 15 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Political Reality behind Cyber Attacks! 4)4) Practical Defence:Practical Defence: Discuss Practical Cyber Defence to these Threats for YOUR Business! .....These same.....These same TOP 10 ThreatsTOP 10 Threats are used in someare used in some combination incombination in EVERYEVERY Cyber Hack & Attack!....Cyber Hack & Attack!....
  16. 16. Cybersecurity forCybersecurity for ArmeniaArmenia andand GeorgiaGeorgia 16 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Link:Link: www.valentina.net/vaza/CyberDocs/www.valentina.net/vaza/CyberDocs/
  17. 17. CybersecurityCybersecurity forfor thethe Georgian ParliamentGeorgian Parliament 17 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Critical Infrastructure Audit during UN Cybersecurity Mission: Georgian ParliamentCritical Infrastructure Audit during UN Cybersecurity Mission: Georgian Parliament
  18. 18. UN/ITU GCAUN/ITU GCA -- GlobalGlobal Cybersecurity Agenda:Cybersecurity Agenda: ---------------------------------------- 11 –– Legal MeasuresLegal Measures 22 –– Technical MeasuresTechnical Measures 33 –– Organisational MeasuresOrganisational Measures 44 –– Capacity BuildingCapacity Building UN/ITU:UN/ITU: Global Cybersecurity AgendaGlobal Cybersecurity Agenda 18 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 44 –– Capacity BuildingCapacity Building 55 –– International CooperationInternational Cooperation ---------------------------------------- ...The...The ITUITU constitutes aconstitutes a uniqueunique global forumglobal forum for partnership andfor partnership and the discussion ofthe discussion of cybersecurity.cybersecurity. -------------------------------------- www.itu.int/ITUwww.itu.int/ITU--D/cyb/cybersecurity/docs/ITUNationalCybersecurityStrategyGuide.pdfD/cyb/cybersecurity/docs/ITUNationalCybersecurityStrategyGuide.pdf
  19. 19. UN/ITU GCAUN/ITU GCA -- GlobalGlobal Cybersecurity Agenda:Cybersecurity Agenda: ---------------------------------------- 11 –– Legal MeasuresLegal Measures 22 –– Technical MeasuresTechnical Measures 33 –– Organisational MeasuresOrganisational Measures 44 –– Capacity BuildingCapacity Building UN/ITU:UN/ITU: Global Cybersecurity AgendaGlobal Cybersecurity Agenda 19 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 44 –– Capacity BuildingCapacity Building 55 –– International CooperationInternational Cooperation ---------------------------------------- ...The...The ITUITU constitutes aconstitutes a uniqueunique global forumglobal forum for partnership andfor partnership and the discussion ofthe discussion of cybersecurity.cybersecurity. -------------------------------------- www.itu.int/ITUwww.itu.int/ITU--D/cyb/cybersecurity/docs/ITUNationalCybersecurityStrategyGuide.pdfD/cyb/cybersecurity/docs/ITUNationalCybersecurityStrategyGuide.pdf
  20. 20. Securing Jamaica in Cyberspace!Securing Jamaica in Cyberspace! -- UN/ITU GuidelinesUN/ITU Guidelines -- (1)(1) –– Legal MeasuresLegal Measures -- (2)(2) –– Technical &Technical & ProceduralProcedural --(3)(3) –– OrganizationalOrganizational -- (4)(4) –– CapacityCapacity BuildingBuilding 20 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 ProceduralProcedural MeasuresMeasures OrganizationalOrganizational StructuresStructures -- (5)(5) –– International CollaborationInternational Collaboration
  21. 21. Securing Jamaica in Cyberspace!Securing Jamaica in Cyberspace! -- UN/ITU GuidelinesUN/ITU Guidelines -- (1)(1) –– Legal MeasuresLegal Measures -- (2)(2) –– Technical &Technical & ProceduralProcedural --(3)(3) –– OrganizationalOrganizational -- (4)(4) –– CapacityCapacity BuildingBuilding ** UN/ITUUN/ITU: Cybersecurity Training: Cybersecurity Training -- UTECH, JamaicaUTECH, Jamaica ** Government, Central Bank, EnergyGovernment, Central Bank, Energy & T& Telecoms Sectorselecoms Sectors 21 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 ProceduralProcedural MeasuresMeasures OrganizationalOrganizational StructuresStructures -- (5)(5) –– International CollaborationInternational Collaboration
  22. 22. UN/ITU:UN/ITU: National Cybersecurity StrategiesNational Cybersecurity Strategies 22 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 www.itu.int/en/ITUwww.itu.int/en/ITU--D/Cybersecurity/Pages/NationalD/Cybersecurity/Pages/National--StrategiesStrategies--repository.aspxrepository.aspx
  23. 23. UN/ITU:UN/ITU: National Cybersecurity StrategiesNational Cybersecurity Strategies 23 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 www.itu.int/en/ITUwww.itu.int/en/ITU--D/Cybersecurity/Pages/NationalD/Cybersecurity/Pages/National--StrategiesStrategies--repository.aspxrepository.aspx
  24. 24. World Economic Forum:World Economic Forum: Global CyberCrimeGlobal CyberCrime -- $445Billion$445Billion (Intel Research : June 2014)(Intel Research : June 2014) -- 24 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  25. 25. World Economic Forum:World Economic Forum: Global CyberCrimeGlobal CyberCrime -- $445Billion$445Billion (Intel Research : June 2014)(Intel Research : June 2014) -- 25 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  26. 26. Red Alert!Red Alert! World Economic Forum:World Economic Forum: Global CyberCrimeGlobal CyberCrime -- $445Billion$445Billion (Intel Research : June 2014)(Intel Research : June 2014) -- 26 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Red Alert!Red Alert! –– InIn--Coming Cyber Attack!Coming Cyber Attack! --
  27. 27. Red Alert!Red Alert! World Economic Forum:World Economic Forum: Global CyberCrimeGlobal CyberCrime -- $445Billion$445Billion (Intel Research : June 2014)(Intel Research : June 2014) -- 27 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Red Alert!Red Alert! –– InIn--Coming Cyber Attack!Coming Cyber Attack! -- “BAD RABBIT”“BAD RABBIT” RansomwareRansomware AttackAttack –– 2424thth Oct 2017Oct 2017
  28. 28. MaerskMaersk:: GlobalGlobal RansomwareRansomware -- June 2017June 2017 Cost ofCost of PetyaPetya CyberAttackCyberAttack = $300Million!...= $300Million!... 28 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 *** Estimated*** Estimated $300Million$300Million Profit Impact onProfit Impact on MaerskMaersk Q3 2017Q3 2017 ******
  29. 29. Massive HackMassive Hack –– EQUIFAXEQUIFAX -- Sept 2017Sept 2017 29 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Personal IDs Stolen fromPersonal IDs Stolen from 144Million+144Million+ Clients (USA, UK...)Clients (USA, UK...) ....Credit Cards, Driving Licences, Social Security,....Credit Cards, Driving Licences, Social Security, eMaileMail........
  30. 30. MassiveMassive DDoSDDoS Attack usingAttack using MiraiMirai BotNetBotNet fromfrom “Internet of Things”“Internet of Things” -- 2121stst Oct 2016Oct 2016 30 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 More thanMore than 500,000 “IoT”500,000 “IoT” Devices suchDevices such asas CCTVCCTV && Web CamsWeb Cams used asused as “Bots”!...“Bots”!... “Internet of Threats”!“Internet of Threats”!
  31. 31. CyberAttack:CyberAttack: SberBankSberBank -- СбербанкСбербанк:: 88thth Nov 2016Nov 2016 31 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 MassiveMassive DDoSDDoS AttackAttack fromfrom 24,000 “24,000 “BotBot” Devices (Internet of Things)” Devices (Internet of Things) HitsHits SberBankSberBank, Alfa Bank, Moscow Bank,, Alfa Bank, Moscow Bank, RosBankRosBank, Moscow Exchange, Moscow Exchange - PeakPeak Web IP Requests of 660,000/Sec660,000/Sec quoted by KasperskyKaspersky LabsLabs -
  32. 32. 1-CyberCyberCrime:Crime:CyberCyberTerror:Terror:CyberCyberWarWar “OUR Cyber Society”“OUR Cyber Society” 22 –– TOP 10 Cyber Attacks & ThreatsTOP 10 Cyber Attacks & Threats “Y“YOUR CyberOUR Cyber Defence”Defence” 3 – Scenario 2018Scenario 2018: Cyber & Physical Tools: Cyber & Physical Tools “Integrated Security”“Integrated Security” CyberCyberSecuritySecurity 20182018--20252025 && BeyondBeyond!...!... 32 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 4 –Scenario 2019Scenario 2019:: Internet of ThingsInternet of Things -- IOTIOT “Self“Self--Adaptive”Adaptive” 5 –Scenario 2020:Scenario 2020: Machine LearningMachine Learning “Self“Self--Learning”Learning” 6 –Scenario 2025:Scenario 2025: Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence “Cyber“Cyber--Intelligent”Intelligent” 7 – ScenarioScenario 2040:2040: ArtificalArtifical Silicon Life!Silicon Life! “Neural Security”“Neural Security” 88–– 2121ststCC Maritime SecurityMaritime Security TrendsTrends ““CyberCyber @ Sea@ Sea”” 9 –CyberCyber VISIONVISION to Securityto Security NOWNOW!..!.. “NEW Cyber Toolkit”“NEW Cyber Toolkit” ThrustSSC – 1st Supersonic Car – October 1997
  33. 33. 1-CyberCyberCrime:Crime:CyberCyberTerror:Terror:CyberCyberWarWar “OUR Cyber Society”“OUR Cyber Society” 22 –– TOP 10 Cyber Attacks & ThreatsTOP 10 Cyber Attacks & Threats “Y“YOUR CyberOUR Cyber Defence”Defence” 3 – Scenario 2018Scenario 2018: Cyber & Physical Tools: Cyber & Physical Tools “Integrated Security”“Integrated Security” CyberCyberSecuritySecurity 20182018--20252025 && BeyondBeyond!...!... 22 –– TOP 10TOP 10 CyberCyber Attacks & Threats!Attacks & Threats! “Y“YOUROUR CyberCyber Defence”Defence” 33 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 4 –Scenario 2019Scenario 2019:: Internet of ThingsInternet of Things -- IOTIOT “Self“Self--Adaptive”Adaptive” 5 –Scenario 2020:Scenario 2020: Machine LearningMachine Learning “Self“Self--Learning”Learning” 6 –Scenario 2025:Scenario 2025: Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence “Cyber“Cyber--Intelligent”Intelligent” 7 – ScenarioScenario 2040:2040: ArtificalArtifical Silicon Life!Silicon Life! “Neural Security”“Neural Security” 88–– 2121ststCC Maritime SecurityMaritime Security TrendsTrends ““CyberCyber @ Sea@ Sea”” 9 –CyberCyber VISIONVISION to Securityto Security NOWNOW!..!.. “NEW Cyber Toolkit”“NEW Cyber Toolkit” “Y“YOUROUR CyberCyber Defence”Defence” ThrustSSC – 1st Supersonic Car – October 1997
  34. 34. Warning!Warning! :: CyberTerrorCyberTerror Travels @Travels @ “Light Speed”“Light Speed” Physical Terror = “Spatial”:Physical Terror = “Spatial”: Attacks on Physical Infrastructure , Corporate Assets, Staff and Citizens *** Sound Waves = 340metres/sec ****** Sound Waves = 340metres/sec *** Cyber Terror = “Temporal”:Cyber Terror = “Temporal”: Anonymous Attacks on, Network Hubs, Servers, Databases & Social Media *** Light Waves = 300,000,000 metres/sec ****** Light Waves = 300,000,000 metres/sec *** ””CyberAttacksCyberAttacks TravelTravel @@ Mach ONE Million!”Mach ONE Million!” 34 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Thrust SSC:Thrust SSC: -- 11stst Supersonic Car: 1995Supersonic Car: 1995--19971997 Web Archive:Web Archive: www.thrustssc.comwww.thrustssc.com
  35. 35. Thrust SSCThrust SSC –– “Breaking the Sound Barrier”“Breaking the Sound Barrier” ** Mach ONEMach ONE -- 1228km/h1228km/h –– October 1997 *October 1997 * 35 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  36. 36. Warning!Warning! :: CyberTerrorCyberTerror Travels @Travels @ “Light Speed”“Light Speed” Physical Terror = “Spatial”:Physical Terror = “Spatial”: Attacks on Physical Infrastructure , Corporate Assets, Staff and Citizens *** Sound Waves = 340metres/sec ****** Sound Waves = 340metres/sec *** Cyber Terror = “Temporal”:Cyber Terror = “Temporal”: Anonymous Attacks on, Network Hubs, Servers, Databases & Social Media *** Light Waves = 300,000,000 metres/sec ****** Light Waves = 300,000,000 metres/sec *** BloodHoundBloodHound SSC 2017SSC 2017 ””CyberAttacksCyberAttacks TravelTravel @@ Mach ONE Million!”Mach ONE Million!” 36 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Thrust SSC:Thrust SSC: -- 11stst Supersonic Car: 1995Supersonic Car: 1995--19971997 Web Archive:Web Archive: www.thrustssc.comwww.thrustssc.com 1997 Thrust SSC1997 Thrust SSC Mach ONEMach ONE
  37. 37. •• 14401440 -- 11stst Printing Press...Printing Press... •• 17901790 -- Industrial RevolutionIndustrial Revolution •• 19431943 -- 11stst Neural NetworksNeural Networks •• 19901990 -- “World“World--WideWide--Web”Web” •• 590MYrs590MYrs -- AnimalsAnimals •• 220M Yrs220M Yrs -- MammalsMammals •• 75MYrs75MYrs -- PrimatesPrimates •• 28MYrs28MYrs –– Lesser ApesLesser Apes ......“Cyber”“Cyber” Evolving @Evolving @ ~~1 Million1 Million--XX--FasterFaster thanthan “Human Life & Intelligence”!...“Human Life & Intelligence”!... Evolution TimeLine ofEvolution TimeLine of “Human Life & Intelligence”“Human Life & Intelligence” “Emergence of DNA/Genetic Code”“Emergence of DNA/Genetic Code” 37 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 •• 20032003-- Social Media/SearchSocial Media/Search •• 20102010 -- “Smart Devices“Smart Devices--IoT”IoT” •• 20162016 -- AI/ML Explosion !...AI/ML Explosion !... •• 15MYrs15MYrs –– Great ApesGreat Apes •• 8MYrs8MYrs –– PrePre--HumansHumans •• 2MYrs2MYrs –– 11stst HumansHumans ...21...21stst “Cyber” (“Cyber” (Silicon AI LifeSilicon AI Life)) Evolves & Communicates atEvolves & Communicates at ~~ 1 Million1 Million--XX--FasterFaster thanthan “Human” (“Human” (Carbon DNA LifeCarbon DNA Life)!...)!... Source:Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution “Human” (“Human” (Carbon DNA LifeCarbon DNA Life)!.....)!.....
  38. 38. •• 14401440 -- 11stst Printing Press...Printing Press... •• 17901790 -- Industrial RevolutionIndustrial Revolution •• 19431943 -- 11stst Neural NetworksNeural Networks •• 19901990 -- “World“World--WideWide--Web”Web” •• 590MYrs590MYrs -- AnimalsAnimals •• 220MYrs220MYrs -- MammalsMammals •• 75MYrs75MYrs -- PrimatesPrimates •• 28MYrs28MYrs –– Lesser ApesLesser Apes ......“Cyber”“Cyber” Evolving @Evolving @ ~~1 Million1 Million--XX--FasterFaster thanthan “Human Life & Intelligence”!...“Human Life & Intelligence”!... 38 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 •• 20032003 -- Social Media/SearchSocial Media/Search •• 20102010 -- “Smart Devices“Smart Devices--IoT”IoT” •• 20162016 -- AI/ML Explosion !...AI/ML Explosion !... •• 15MYrs15MYrs –– Great ApesGreat Apes •• 8MYrs8MYrs –– PrePre--HumansHumans •• 2MYrs2MYrs –– 11stst HumansHumans 2121ststC “Cyber” (C “Cyber” (Silicon AI LifeSilicon AI Life)) Evolves & Communicates atEvolves & Communicates at ~~ 1 Million1 Million--XX--FasterFaster thanthan “Human” (“Human” (Carbon DNA LifeCarbon DNA Life)!.....)!..... Source:Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution
  39. 39. Transition fromTransition from “Cyber Now“Cyber Now -- 20182018”” toto “Intelligent AI/ML Cyber“Intelligent AI/ML Cyber -- 20252025”” 20182018 -- “Cyber Now”“Cyber Now” •• “Signature” Detection“Signature” Detection •• MultiMulti--DMZ FirewallsDMZ Firewalls •• AntiAnti--Virus & MalwareVirus & Malware •• Supervised LearningSupervised Learning 20252025 -- AI/ML CyberAI/ML Cyber •• Behaviour ModellingBehaviour Modelling •• Learning the BaselineLearning the Baseline •• “Smart Security”“Smart Security” •• Unsupervised LearningUnsupervised Learning 39 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 •• Supervised LearningSupervised Learning •• ZeroZero--Day AttacksDay Attacks •• Objects & AssetsObjects & Assets •• “Known BAD!”“Known BAD!” •• Unsupervised LearningUnsupervised Learning •• ZeroZero--Second AttacksSecond Attacks •• Events & ExperienceEvents & Experience •• “Known GOOD!”“Known GOOD!” ScenarioScenario 2025:2025: Defence InDefence In--DepthDepth requires Augmentation ofrequires Augmentation of Traditional “ Cyber” ToolsTraditional “ Cyber” Tools to includeto include Intelligent AI/ML Security ToolsIntelligent AI/ML Security Tools that modelthat model BOTHBOTH “Known GOOD & BAD!”“Known GOOD & BAD!”SciSci--Fi MovieFi Movie –– “13“13thth Floor” (1999): “Floor” (1999): “RealReal--WorldWorld && Cyber World”Cyber World”
  40. 40. Transition fromTransition from “Cyber Now“Cyber Now -- 20182018”” toto “Intelligent AI/ML Cyber“Intelligent AI/ML Cyber -- 20252025”” 20182018 -- “Cyber Now”“Cyber Now” •• “Signature” Detection“Signature” Detection •• MultiMulti--DMZ FirewallsDMZ Firewalls •• AntiAnti--Virus & MalwareVirus & Malware •• Supervised LearningSupervised Learning 20252025 -- AI/ML CyberAI/ML Cyber •• Behaviour ModellingBehaviour Modelling •• Learning the BaselineLearning the Baseline •• “Smart Security”“Smart Security” •• Unsupervised LearningUnsupervised Learning 40 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 •• Supervised LearningSupervised Learning •• ZeroZero--Day AttacksDay Attacks •• Objects & AssetsObjects & Assets •• “Known BAD!”“Known BAD!” •• Unsupervised LearningUnsupervised Learning •• ZeroZero--Second AttacksSecond Attacks •• Events & ExperienceEvents & Experience •• “Known GOOD!”“Known GOOD!” ScenarioScenario 2025:2025: Defence InDefence In--DepthDepth requires Augmentation ofrequires Augmentation of Traditional “ Cyber” ToolsTraditional “ Cyber” Tools to includeto include Intelligent AI/ML Security ToolsIntelligent AI/ML Security Tools that modelthat model BOTHBOTH “Known GOOD & BAD!”“Known GOOD & BAD!”
  41. 41. “Countdown to“Countdown to TOPTOP 1010 Cyber ThreatsCyber Threats!”!” •• TOP Cyber ThreatsTOP Cyber Threats may be roughly classified by Role during Criminal/Political Cyber Campaign: ExplorationExploration –– PenetrationPenetration –– Alert & AttackAlert & Attack •• Cyber AttacksCyber Attacks may be planned by Criminals, 41 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 •• Cyber AttacksCyber Attacks may be planned by Criminals, Terrorists & Hacktivists for weeks & months! •• Research & Intelligence:Research & Intelligence: Major Attacks will be based on In-Depth Research, “Insider Intelligence”, and Cyber “Hackers” Toolkit!...
  42. 42. RealReal--Time GlobalTime Global DDoS “DDoS “BotNetBotNet” Attack” Attack 42 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Link:Link: map.norsecorp.commap.norsecorp.com -- Norse CorporationNorse Corporation
  43. 43. “Cyber Intelligence Gathering Tools“Cyber Intelligence Gathering Tools *** EXPLORATION ****** EXPLORATION *** • Cyber Crime Campaigns will be launched with In-depth Cyber & Insider Target ExplorationExploration: •• Threat 1: APTThreat 1: APT = Advanced Persistent Attack •• Threat 2: Stealth MonitoringThreat 2: Stealth Monitoring – Loggers & Cams 43 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 •• Threat 2: Stealth MonitoringThreat 2: Stealth Monitoring – Loggers & Cams •• Threat 3: ToxicThreat 3: Toxic eMaileMail & Social Media Phishing ........Cyber “Stealth” ToolsCyber “Stealth” Tools will be used bywill be used by “Bad Guys”“Bad Guys” forfor detaileddetailed “Mapping”“Mapping” of the Target Organisation, inof the Target Organisation, in preparation for Cyber Penetration & Attack!....preparation for Cyber Penetration & Attack!....
  44. 44. “Cyber Entry & Exit Routes & Tools”“Cyber Entry & Exit Routes & Tools” *** PENETRATION ****** PENETRATION *** • The “Bad Guys”“Bad Guys” will PenetratePenetrate the “Target” Business or Agency for both “Entry” & “Exit” Routes for “Data/Bots”: •• Threat 4:Threat 4: DataBaseDataBase/Web Hacks/Web Hacks – DB/Web Penetration with SQL DB Injection & Web Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) 44 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 with SQL DB Injection & Web Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) •• Threat 5: Classic MalwareThreat 5: Classic Malware – Viruses & Trojans •• Threat 6: Authentication HacksThreat 6: Authentication Hacks – Passwords/Patches •• Threat 7: Custom Design “Bots”Threat 7: Custom Design “Bots” – “StuxNet Style” ...... “Dark Web Tools & Bots”“Dark Web Tools & Bots” may check for Target ITmay check for Target IT WeaknessesWeaknesses–– 24/724/7 -- using Fast Network Assets!using Fast Network Assets!
  45. 45. “Real“Real--Time Cyber Alert:Time Cyber Alert: Hack & AttackHack & Attack”” *** CYBER ATTACK ****** CYBER ATTACK *** • Following In-Depth Cyber Research & Target Mapping the “Bad Guys”“Bad Guys” will Launch Attack Utilising Selection of TOP 10 Cyber ThreatsTOP 10 Cyber Threats! : •• Threat 8: Toxic Cookies/Proxy/DNSThreat 8: Toxic Cookies/Proxy/DNS – Re-Route Users to “Fake” or “Toxic” Web & DB Resources 45 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Users to “Fake” or “Toxic” Web & DB Resources •• Threat 9: DDoSThreat 9: DDoS – Distributed Denial of Service executed through “Hired” Networked “BotNets” •• Threat 10: RansomWareThreat 10: RansomWare – Toxic Script running on Device that Encrypts ALL Networked Files with Decryption after ““BitCoinBitCoin Ransom Payment”!Ransom Payment”!
  46. 46. “CyberWar”“CyberWar” StrategiesStrategies & Models from& Models from Classic Works!Classic Works! RecommendedRecommended “Bedtime“Bedtime Reading”Reading” forfor RecommendedRecommended “Bedtime“Bedtime Reading”Reading” forfor 46 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Classic WorksClassic Works onon “War”“War” are still relevant today forare still relevant today for 21stC Cybersecurity!21stC Cybersecurity!Classic WorksClassic Works onon “War”“War” are still relevant today forare still relevant today for 21stC Cybersecurity!21stC Cybersecurity! forfor CybersecurityCybersecurity Specialists!Specialists! forfor CybersecurityCybersecurity Specialists!Specialists! Cyber CriminalsCyber Criminals now plannow plan Cyber CampaignsCyber Campaigns && AttacksAttacks withwith InIn--Depth ResearchDepth Research && 2121stst WeaponsWeapons!!
  47. 47. “Naval Campaign:“Naval Campaign: Battle of TrafalgarBattle of Trafalgar--18051805 47 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 ““Cyber Attack Strategies & CampaignsCyber Attack Strategies & Campaigns havehave SimilaritiesSimilarities withwith Classical WarfareClassical Warfare!...!... ...But they occur...But they occur 1Million X Faster1Million X Faster @@ “Speed of Light”“Speed of Light” rather thanrather than “Speed of Sound”!“Speed of Sound”!
  48. 48. Classic CampaignsClassic Campaigns: Battle of Waterloo: Battle of Waterloo--18151815 48 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 ““ClauzewitzClauzewitz”” is relevant tois relevant to Cyber Campaigns!Cyber Campaigns!
  49. 49. Classical Warfare:Classical Warfare: Battle of BorodinoBattle of Borodino--18121812 49 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 “Classic Works”“Classic Works” are relevant toare relevant to Cyber War Campaigns!Cyber War Campaigns! 21stC21stC Cyber WarCyber War && Peace!Peace!
  50. 50. 2121ststC Warfare:C Warfare: “Urban Terrorism”“Urban Terrorism” DefenceDefence againstagainst “Urban Terror”“Urban Terror” needsneeds INTEGRATIONINTEGRATION ofof PHYSICALPHYSICAL && CYBERCYBER Security Solutions =Security Solutions = SMART SECURITYSMART SECURITY “Bad Guys”“Bad Guys” useuse Cyber ToolsCyber Tools & Resources to extensively& Resources to extensively ResearchResearch && LaunchLaunch MajorMajor Physical Terror Attacks!Physical Terror Attacks! 50 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Physical Terror Attacks!Physical Terror Attacks! (1)(1) DarkWebDarkWeb forfor Weapons!Weapons! (2)(2) ResearchResearch Urban TargetsUrban Targets (3)(3) Social MediaSocial Media forfor CommsComms (4)(4) RecruitmentRecruitment & Training& Training (5)(5) RansomwareRansomware for CAfor CA$$H..H..
  51. 51. Cyber Criminal TeamCyber Criminal Team SkillsetSkillset!...!... • Skills required by the “Bad Guys”“Bad Guys” to launch and manage major Cyber Crime Campaigns: •• ICT:ICT: Cyber Technical Specialist (Hacking Tools) •• Finance:Finance: Money Laundering & Campaign Budget •• HRHR--Human Resources:Human Resources: Headhunting Cyber Talent! •• Intelligence:Intelligence: Recruit “Insiders” in Business/Govt 51 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 •• Intelligence:Intelligence: Recruit “Insiders” in Business/Govt •• Project Management:Project Management: Co-ordinate Campaign! •• Security:Security: Detect “BackDoors” both in the Physical and Cyber Defences of the Target Business/Govt ...In summary, the “Bad Guys”“Bad Guys” will often organise themselves as an Criminal Cell or Illegal BusinessCriminal Cell or Illegal Business!
  52. 52. “Cyber”“Cyber” Tracking & ProfilingTracking & Profiling:: “Bad Guys”“Bad Guys” • Mitigating Global Crime & Terrorism requires us to Profile & TrackProfile & Track the “Bad Guys” in “Real-Time” with Intelligent Networked Computing Systems: –– 3D Video Analytics3D Video Analytics from CCTV Facial Profiles – Track On-Line Social MediaSocial Media, eMail & “Cell” Comms – Scan ““DarkWebDarkWeb”” for “Business Deals”, Plans & Messages – Check, Track & Locate MobileMobile Communications 52 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 – Check, Track & Locate MobileMobile Communications – Track “Bad Guys” in National Transport HubsTransport Hubs –– DeployDeploy RFID DevicesRFID Devices to Track Highto Track High--Value & Strategic “Assets”Value & Strategic “Assets” – Use RealReal--Time ANPRTime ANPR for Target Vehicle Tracking ...Cyber Computing Smart AppsCyber Computing Smart Apps can now Track Massive Databases of Target “Bad Guy” Profiles @ Light Speed!...@ Light Speed!...
  53. 53. “Cyber”“Cyber” Tracking & ProfilingTracking & Profiling:: “Bad Guys”“Bad Guys” • Mitigating Global Crime & Terrorism requires us to Profile & TrackProfile & Track the “Bad Guys” in “Real-Time” with Intelligent Networked Computing Systems: –– 3D Video Analytics3D Video Analytics from CCTV Facial Profiles – Track On-Line Social MediaSocial Media, eMail & “Cell” Comms – Scan ““DarkWebDarkWeb”” for “Business Deals”, Plans & Messages – Check, Track & Locate MobileMobile Communications 53 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 – Check, Track & Locate MobileMobile Communications – Track “Bad Guys” in National Transport HubsTransport Hubs –– DeployDeploy RFID DevicesRFID Devices to Track Highto Track High--Value & Strategic “Assets”Value & Strategic “Assets” – Use RealReal--Time ANPRTime ANPR for Target Vehicle Tracking ...Cyber Computing Smart AppsCyber Computing Smart Apps can now Track Massive Databases of Target “Bad Guy” Profiles @ Light Speed!...@ Light Speed!...
  54. 54. 1-CyberCyberCrime:Crime:CyberCyberTerror:Terror:CyberCyberWarWar “OUR Cyber Society”“OUR Cyber Society” 22 –– “TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats“TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats “YOUR Cyber“YOUR Cyber Defence”Defence” 33 ––ScenarioScenario 20182018: Cyber & Physical Too: Cyber & Physical Toolsls “Integrated Security”“Integrated Security” 44 ––Scenario 2019:Scenario 2019: Internet of ThingsInternet of Things -- IoTIoT 55 ––Scenario 2020:Scenario 2020: Machine LearningMachine Learning 6 –Scenario 2025:Scenario 2025: Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence CyberCyberSecuritySecurity 20182018--20252025 && BeyondBeyond!...!... 54 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 44 ––Scenario 2019:Scenario 2019: Internet of ThingsInternet of Things -- IoTIoT “Self“Self--Adaptive”Adaptive” 55 ––Scenario 2020:Scenario 2020: Machine LearningMachine Learning “Self“Self--Learning”Learning” 6 –Scenario 2025:Scenario 2025: Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence “Cyber“Cyber--Intelligent”Intelligent” 7 – ScenarioScenario 2040:2040: Artificial Silicon Life!Artificial Silicon Life! “Neural Security”“Neural Security” 88–– 2121ststCC Maritime SecurityMaritime Security TrendsTrends ““CyberCyber @@ SeaSea”” 9 –CyberCyber VISIONVISION to Securityto Security NOWNOW!..!.. “NEW Cyber Toolkit”“NEW Cyber Toolkit” Ship: SS Kinsembo – Liverpool to Congo - 1885
  55. 55. 1-CyberCyberCrime:Crime:CyberCyberTerror:Terror:CyberCyberWarWar “OUR Cyber Society”“OUR Cyber Society” 22 –– “TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats“TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats “YOUR Cyber“YOUR Cyber Defence”Defence” 33 ––ScenarioScenario 20182018: Cyber & Physical Too: Cyber & Physical Toolsls “Integrated Security”“Integrated Security” 44 ––Scenario 2019:Scenario 2019: Internet of ThingsInternet of Things -- IoTIoT 55 ––Scenario 2020:Scenario 2020: Machine LearningMachine Learning 6 –Scenario 2025:Scenario 2025: Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence CyberCyberSecuritySecurity 20182018--20252025 && BeyondBeyond!...!... 33-- Scenario 2018:Scenario 2018: Cyber & Physical ToolsCyber & Physical Tools “Integrated Security“Integrated Security”” 55 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 44 ––Scenario 2019:Scenario 2019: Internet of ThingsInternet of Things -- IoTIoT “Self“Self--Adaptive”Adaptive” 55 ––Scenario 2020:Scenario 2020: Machine LearningMachine Learning “Self“Self--Learning”Learning” 6 –Scenario 2025:Scenario 2025: Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence “Cyber“Cyber--Intelligent”Intelligent” 7 – ScenarioScenario 2040:2040: Artificial Silicon Life!Artificial Silicon Life! “Neural Security”“Neural Security” 88–– 2121ststCC Maritime SecurityMaritime Security TrendsTrends ““CyberCyber @@ SeaSea”” 9 –CyberCyber VISIONVISION to Securityto Security NOWNOW!..!.. “NEW Cyber Toolkit”“NEW Cyber Toolkit” “Integrated Security“Integrated Security”” Ship: SS Kinsembo – Liverpool to Congo - 1885
  56. 56. GlobalGlobal ExplorationExploration -- 18851885 –– 1887 :1887 : Rev Herbert E. ProbertRev Herbert E. Probert -- Travelling from Big Horn, Wyoming, USA to Equatorville, Congo, Central AFRICATravelling from Big Horn, Wyoming, USA to Equatorville, Congo, Central AFRICA -- 56 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 “Life and Scenes in Congo”“Life and Scenes in Congo” –– Published 1889Published 1889 –– FreeFree eBookeBook download from:download from: www.archive.orgwww.archive.org
  57. 57. GlobalGlobal ExplorationExploration -- 18851885 –– 1887 :1887 : Rev Herbert E. ProbertRev Herbert E. Probert -- Travelling from Big Horn, Wyoming, USA to Equatorville, Congo, Central AFRICATravelling from Big Horn, Wyoming, USA to Equatorville, Congo, Central AFRICA -- 57 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 “Life and Scenes in Congo”“Life and Scenes in Congo” –– Published 1889Published 1889 –– FreeFree eBookeBook download from:download from: www.archive.orgwww.archive.org
  58. 58. OurOur CyberVisionCyberVision::2018 to 2025+2018 to 2025+ •• ScenarioScenario 20182018 –– Integrated SecurityIntegrated Security:: ManagedManaged “Smart”“Smart” CyberCyber && PhysicalPhysical Operations underOperations under ““CSO”CSO” •• ScenarioScenario 20192019 –– Adaptive Security:Adaptive Security: DistributedDistributed “Smart Security” for networked“Smart Security” for networked “Internet of Things”“Internet of Things” 58 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 •• ScenarioScenario 20202020 –– Learning Security:Learning Security: Transition toTransition to “Machine Learning”“Machine Learning” Cybersecurity Apps & ToolsCybersecurity Apps & Tools •• ScenarioScenario 20252025 -- Intelligent Security:Intelligent Security: CyberSecurityCyberSecurity based upon Networked “based upon Networked “Artificial Intelligence”Artificial Intelligence” ToolsTools
  59. 59. Scenario 2018:Scenario 2018: “Cyber Tools Transition”“Cyber Tools Transition” *** Integrated Security****** Integrated Security*** • Major Trends & Developments: Scenario 2018Scenario 2018: –– C$O led IntegrationC$O led Integration of Physical and Cyber Security Assets across Corporate Business and Government : CCTV, ANPR, Access Control, Cyber Defence & Alerts 59 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 –– Adaptive AI/MLAdaptive AI/ML Solutions launched by Major Cyber Vendors alongside Cylance, Darktrace & Deep Instinct – Increased National Government PriorityNational Government Priority & Investment in fighting Organised CyberCrime and CyberTerrorism ...”Cyber”...”Cyber” goes “TOP Agenda”“TOP Agenda” in Scenario 2018Scenario 2018!
  60. 60. “Smart Security”“Smart Security” == CyberCyber ++ PSIMPSIM ++ SIEMSIEM •• Cyber:Cyber: Spans ALL ICTALL ICT Networks, Servers & Devices •• PSIM:PSIM: PPhysical SSecurity IIntegration MManagement •• SIEM:SIEM: SSecurity IInformation & EEvent MManagement 60 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Image:Image: AventuraCCTV.com/PSIMAventuraCCTV.com/PSIM : New York, USA: New York, USA
  61. 61. Regional CCTVRegional CCTV Control & SurveillanceControl & Surveillance 61 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 CCTV Control Room Operators with Multiple Displays needCCTV Control Room Operators with Multiple Displays need Cyber Analysis ToolsCyber Analysis Tools IncludingIncluding High Speed Video Analytics, Facial Recognition and Data Mining ToolsHigh Speed Video Analytics, Facial Recognition and Data Mining Tools
  62. 62. Integration ofIntegration of Physical and CybersecurityPhysical and Cybersecurity Integrated CSOIntegrated CSO--led Management Teamled Management Team –– Merged HQ OperationsMerged HQ Operations Physical Security OperationsPhysical Security Operations Cyber Security OperationsCyber Security Operations Smart SecuritySmart Security == Virtual IntegrationVirtual Integration SharedShared AlertsAlerts 62 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Corporate CSOCorporate CSO--led Security Teamled Security Team ONEONE –– Dashboard!Dashboard! Integrated Management,Integrated Management, Training, Standards, PlansTraining, Standards, Plans ONEONE –– Architecture!Architecture! Smart SecuritySmart Security == Virtual IntegrationVirtual Integration FinalFinal phase ofphase of CyberCyber--Physical IntegrationPhysical Integration -- Embedded Intelligence inEmbedded Intelligence in ALLALL DevicesDevices -- Internet of ThingsInternet of Things CSIM Example: “VIDSYS Inc - Enterprise 2018”
  63. 63. Smart Analysis ToolsSmart Analysis Tools:: 3D Simulation Modelling3D Simulation Modelling forfor ”Security Crisis””Security Crisis” & “Disaster Management”& “Disaster Management” 63 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  64. 64. IntegratedIntegrated CyberCyber Biometrics:Biometrics: PrePre--AttackAttack •• Intelligent Biometrics ToolsIntelligent Biometrics Tools can significantly reduce YOUR Risks of Cyber Threats & Attacks... –– Device & Access AuthenticationDevice & Access Authentication by Fingerprints, Retinal/Iris Scan or Palm Vein Scan –– Facility AccessFacility Access with “Live” 3D Facial Recognition –– “Behavioural Biometrics”“Behavioural Biometrics” for Secure User Authentication City/CampusCity/Campus Regional Tracking with Intelligent 4K Networked 64 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 “Behavioural Biometrics”“Behavioural Biometrics” for Secure User Authentication –– City/CampusCity/Campus Regional Tracking with Intelligent 4K Networked CCTV & Real-Time Self-Learning Video Analytics –– “Live”“Live” CBRNCBRN ScanningScanning for Hazardous materials – (CChemical, BBiological, RRadiological, NNuclear) ...It is crucial that Cyber Biometrics ToolsCyber Biometrics Tools are Integrated with the CSO-led Business Security OperationsBusiness Security Operations
  65. 65. TypicalTypical CyberCyber--BiometricBiometric SolutionsSolutions 65 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  66. 66. CyberCyber--Biometrics:Biometrics: Fingerprint SolutionsFingerprint Solutions 66 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  67. 67. CyberCyber--Biometrics:Biometrics: “Live” Vein Analytics“Live” Vein Analytics 67 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  68. 68. CyberCyber--Biometrics:Biometrics: Retinal & Iris ScansRetinal & Iris Scans 68 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  69. 69. Private Detective:Private Detective: “Sherlock Holmes”!“Sherlock Holmes”! 69 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Author:Author: Sir Arthur Conan DoyleSir Arthur Conan Doyle:: 18591859 -- 19301930 “Forensics Pioneer”“Forensics Pioneer” a)a) Detective WorkDetective Work b)b) FingerprintsFingerprints c)c) Ciphers & CodesCiphers & Codes d)d) FootprintsFootprints e)e) HandwritingHandwriting
  70. 70. Forensics:Forensics: Fast DNA Finger PrintingFast DNA Finger Printing 70 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  71. 71. Fast DNAFast DNA Sequencing:Sequencing:GrapheneGraphene NanoporeNanopore 71 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  72. 72. CyberCyber--Bio:Bio: IntegratedIntegrated Security ScenariosSecurity Scenarios •• Banks/Finance:Banks/Finance: eFraud, DDOS, Insider Threats •• Government/Parliament:Government/Parliament: “Fake IDs” & File Theft •• Defence/Military:Defence/Military: Cyber-Espionage & Attacks •• Travel/Tourism:Travel/Tourism: Beach Resorts & Travel Hubs •• Culture/Sports:Culture/Sports: Major Events & Competitions •• Energy/Utilities:Energy/Utilities: Nuclear Theft, Explosions 72 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 •• Energy/Utilities:Energy/Utilities: Nuclear Theft, Explosions •• Retail/Malls/Campus:Retail/Malls/Campus: Armed Attacks & Siege •• Healthcare/Healthcare/PharmaPharma:: “Fake Drugs & Records” ...ALL Generic CyberCyber--Bio ThreatsBio Threats apply to ALL Our Business Sectors & Critical Infrastructure!
  73. 73. “Real“Real--Time”Time” City Video SurveillanceCity Video Surveillance 73 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Analysing and Tracking Targets requiresAnalysing and Tracking Targets requires Intelligent Video AnalyticsIntelligent Video Analytics
  74. 74. :: AI CyberAI Cyber--Bio SurveillanceBio Surveillance 74 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 ::AI Biometric Video AnalyticsAI Biometric Video Analytics --“Chinese Unicorn”“Chinese Unicorn” www.sensetime.comwww.sensetime.com
  75. 75. :: AI CyberAI Cyber--Bio SurveillanceBio Surveillance 75 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 ::AI Biometric Video AnalyticsAI Biometric Video Analytics --“Chinese Unicorn”“Chinese Unicorn” www.sensetime.comwww.sensetime.com
  76. 76. 1-CyberCyberCrime:Crime:CyberCyberTerror:Terror:CyberCyberWarWar “OUR Cyber Society”“OUR Cyber Society” 22 –– “TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats“TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats “YOUR Cyber“YOUR Cyber DefenceDefence”” 3 –Scenario 2018:Scenario 2018: Cyber & Physical ToolsCyber & Physical Tools “Integrated Security”“Integrated Security” 44 ––Scenario 2019:Scenario 2019: Internet of ThingsInternet of Things -- IoTIoT 5 –Scenario 2020:Scenario 2020: Machine LearningMachine Learning 6 –Scenario 2025:Scenario 2025: ArtificialArtificial IntellgenceIntellgence CyberCyberSecuritySecurity 20182018--20252025 && BeyondBeyond!...!... 76 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 44 ––Scenario 2019:Scenario 2019: Internet of ThingsInternet of Things -- IoTIoT “Self“Self--Adaptive Security”Adaptive Security” 5 –Scenario 2020:Scenario 2020: Machine LearningMachine Learning “Self“Self--Learning”Learning” 6 –Scenario 2025:Scenario 2025: ArtificialArtificial IntellgenceIntellgence “Cyber“Cyber--Intelligent”Intelligent” 7 – Scenario 2040: Artificial Silicon Life!Scenario 2040: Artificial Silicon Life! “Neural Security”“Neural Security” 88–– 2121ststCC Maritime SecurityMaritime Security TrendsTrends ““CyberCyber @ Sea”@ Sea” 9 –CyberCyber VISIONVISION to Securityto Security NOWNOW!..!.. “NEW Cyber Toolkit”“NEW Cyber Toolkit” Ship: HMT Ascanius – Devonport to Durban - 1917
  77. 77. 1-CyberCyberCrime:Crime:CyberCyberTerror:Terror:CyberCyberWarWar “OUR Cyber Society”“OUR Cyber Society” 22 –– “TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats“TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats “YOUR Cyber“YOUR Cyber DefenceDefence”” 3 –Scenario 2018:Scenario 2018: Cyber & Physical ToolsCyber & Physical Tools “Integrated Security”“Integrated Security” 44 ––Scenario 2019:Scenario 2019: Internet of ThingsInternet of Things -- IoTIoT 5 –Scenario 2020:Scenario 2020: Machine LearningMachine Learning 6 –Scenario 2025:Scenario 2025: ArtificialArtificial IntellgenceIntellgence CyberCyberSecuritySecurity 20182018--20252025 && BeyondBeyond!...!... 44 ––Scenario 2019:Scenario 2019: Internet of ThingsInternet of Things -- IoTIoT “Self“Self--Adaptive Security”Adaptive Security” 77 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 44 ––Scenario 2019:Scenario 2019: Internet of ThingsInternet of Things -- IoTIoT “Self“Self--Adaptive Security”Adaptive Security” 5 –Scenario 2020:Scenario 2020: Machine LearningMachine Learning “Self“Self--Learning”Learning” 6 –Scenario 2025:Scenario 2025: ArtificialArtificial IntellgenceIntellgence “Cyber“Cyber--Intelligent”Intelligent” 7 – Scenario 2040: Artificial Silicon Life!Scenario 2040: Artificial Silicon Life! “Neural Security”“Neural Security” 88–– 2121ststCC Maritime SecurityMaritime Security TrendsTrends ““CyberCyber @ Sea”@ Sea” 9 –CyberCyber VISIONVISION to Securityto Security NOWNOW!..!.. “NEW Cyber Toolkit”“NEW Cyber Toolkit” “Self“Self--Adaptive Security”Adaptive Security” Ship: HMT Ascanius – Devonport to Durban - 1917
  78. 78. 78 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Trip Diary Link :Trip Diary Link : www.valentina.net/PWP/www.valentina.net/PWP/
  79. 79. Scenario 2019Scenario 2019: “Internet of Things: “Internet of Things -- IoT”IoT” *** Adaptive Security****** Adaptive Security*** • Major Trends and Developments: Scenario 2020Scenario 2020 –– ALL Major Cyber VendorsALL Major Cyber Vendors market AI/ML Solutions – Updated ISO/NISTISO/NIST Standards with Adaptive Security – Embedded “Cyber” in ALL New Smart IoTSmart IoT Devices – Board Level C$O in CC$O in C--SuitesSuites with CEO, CFO & COO 79 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 – Board Level C$O in CC$O in C--SuitesSuites with CEO, CFO & COO – International Protocols on Cyber WarfareCyber Warfare (UN/NATO)(UN/NATO) .....CyberSecurityCyberSecurity now focused on SelfSelf--AdaptiveAdaptive Modelling of “Normal” Net/User Behaviour & Detection of RealReal--Time Anomalies & ThreatsTime Anomalies & Threats!
  80. 80. 20202020 Estimates forEstimates for “IoT”“IoT” ConnectivityConnectivity 80 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  81. 81. 20182018 -- 2025:2025: Migration fromMigration from IPv4IPv4 toto IPv6IPv6 81 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 2020ththCC – 1st Gen: IPv4: IPv4 –– 223232 = 109+ Devices (IP Address Space almost fully assigned) 2121ststCC – 2nd Gen:: IPv6IPv6 –– 22128128 = 1038+ Devices (Networking “Internet of Things – IoT”) -- Expanded IP Address Space forExpanded IP Address Space for “IoT”“IoT” sets newsets new “Cybersecurity Challenges”“Cybersecurity Challenges”!! --
  82. 82. 82 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 CarnaCarna BotnetBotnet exposed Legacyexposed Legacy Vulnerabilities inVulnerabilities in “IoT” Devices“IoT” Devices
  83. 83. EU/IERCEU/IERC –– Research Cluster Reports:Research Cluster Reports: ““Smart Systems” & the Internet of ThingsSmart Systems” & the Internet of Things 83 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  84. 84. BlockChainsBlockChains && CryptoCurrenciesCryptoCurrencies •• BlockChainsBlockChains:: Distributed “Spreadsheets “ with Encrypted Verification of “Financial Contracts” – Apps in MOST Economic Sectors for Peer-to-Peer On-Line Trading with NO Central Authority... – Apps from Banks, Governments, & Retail Sectors •• CryptoCurrenciesCryptoCurrencies:: Virtual Currencies include 84 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 •• CryptoCurrenciesCryptoCurrencies:: Virtual Currencies include BitCoin, Ethereum, LiteCoin, Ripple & Zcash – Now more than 1000 Virtual CryptoCurrencies!.... – BitCoin is still most widely traded Virtual Currency ... BlockChain AppsBlockChain Apps may improvemay improve CyberSecurityCyberSecurity forfor OnOn--Line TradingLine Trading && Financial Contracts!...Financial Contracts!...
  85. 85. 1-CyberCyberCrime:Crime:CyberCyberTerror:Terror:CyberCyberWarWar “OUR Cyber Society”“OUR Cyber Society” 22 –– “TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats“TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats “YOUR Cyber Defence”“YOUR Cyber Defence” 33 ––ScenarioScenario 2018:2018: Cyber & Physical ToolsCyber & Physical Tools “Integrated Security”“Integrated Security” CyberCyberSecuritySecurity 20182018--20252025 && BeyondBeyond!...!... 85 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 “OUR Cyber Society”“OUR Cyber Society” “YOUR Cyber Defence”“YOUR Cyber Defence” “Integrated Security”“Integrated Security” 4 –Scenario 2019:Scenario 2019: Internet of ThingsInternet of Things--IoTIoT “Self“Self--Adaptive”Adaptive” 55 ––ScenarioScenario 2020:2020: Machine LearningMachine Learning “Self“Self--Learning”Learning” 6 –Scenario 2025:Scenario 2025: Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence “Cyber“Cyber--Intelligent”Intelligent” 7 – Scenario 2040:Scenario 2040: Artificial Silicon Life!Artificial Silicon Life! “Neural Security”“Neural Security” 88–– 2121ststCC Maritime SecurityMaritime Security TrendsTrends “Cyber @ Sea”“Cyber @ Sea” 9 –CyberCyber VISIONVISION to Securityto Security NOWNOW!..!.. “NEW Cyber Toolkit”“NEW Cyber Toolkit” Whiskey Class Submarine S189 – St Petersburg
  86. 86. 1-CyberCyberCrime:Crime:CyberCyberTerror:Terror:CyberCyberWarWar “OUR Cyber Society”“OUR Cyber Society” 22 –– “TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats“TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats “YOUR Cyber Defence”“YOUR Cyber Defence” 33 ––ScenarioScenario 2018:2018: Cyber & Physical ToolsCyber & Physical Tools “Integrated Security”“Integrated Security” CyberCyberSecuritySecurity 20182018--20252025 && BeyondBeyond!...!... 55 ––Scenario 2020:Scenario 2020: Machine LearningMachine Learning 86 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 “OUR Cyber Society”“OUR Cyber Society” “YOUR Cyber Defence”“YOUR Cyber Defence” “Integrated Security”“Integrated Security” 4 –Scenario 2019:Scenario 2019: Internet of ThingsInternet of Things--IoTIoT “Self“Self--Adaptive”Adaptive” 55 ––ScenarioScenario 2020:2020: Machine LearningMachine Learning “Self“Self--Learning”Learning” 6 –Scenario 2025:Scenario 2025: Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence “Cyber“Cyber--Intelligent”Intelligent” 7 – Scenario 2040:Scenario 2040: Artificial Silicon Life!Artificial Silicon Life! “Neural Security”“Neural Security” 88–– 2121ststCC Maritime SecurityMaritime Security TrendsTrends “Cyber @ Sea”“Cyber @ Sea” 9 –CyberCyber VISIONVISION to Securityto Security NOWNOW!..!.. “NEW Cyber Toolkit”“NEW Cyber Toolkit” 55 ––Scenario 2020:Scenario 2020: Machine LearningMachine Learning “Self“Self--Learning Security”Learning Security” Whiskey Class Submarine S189 – St Petersburg
  87. 87. Whiskey ClassWhiskey Class –– Soviet Submarines (Project 613)Soviet Submarines (Project 613) Proposed Barter Deal in 1992 for ITProposed Barter Deal in 1992 for IT Training CentreTraining Centre ((СПИИРАНСПИИРАН)) 87 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  88. 88. KolaNet ProjectKolaNet Project -- Nuclear Safety & SecurityNuclear Safety & Security :: RussiaRussia 88 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  89. 89. KolaNet ProjectKolaNet Project -- Nuclear Safety & SecurityNuclear Safety & Security :: RussiaRussia 89 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  90. 90. AI & Machine Learning asAI & Machine Learning as Cyber ToolsCyber Tools •• Artificial Intelligence (AI) :Artificial Intelligence (AI) : Developed during 1960s/70s : Neural Networks, Expert Systems, Self-Organising Automata, Adaptive Stochastic Learning, Algorithms, Robotics, Autonomous Systems, Augmented Reality •• Behavioural Modelling:Behavioural Modelling: AI/ML can be applied to real-time modelling of ALL Network Traffic, Log & Audit Files, Net Nodes, Servers and all “Smart IoT” Devices •• ZeroZero--Day Attacks:Day Attacks: AI Modelling & Machine Learning can 90 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 •• ZeroZero--Day Attacks:Day Attacks: AI Modelling & Machine Learning can mitigate risks of new malware that have no prior “signature”. •• Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs):Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs): Adaptive Learning Algorithms can detect the step-by-step penetration of APT malware (Phishing, Trojans, Adware, Botnets...) •• Insider Threats & Attacks:Insider Threats & Attacks: Enterprise AI Traffic Modelling can quickly expose the malicious activities of malicious “insiders”!
  91. 91. “Cybernetics & Security”:“Cybernetics & Security”: 19431943 -- 2018!2018! -- Back to the Future:Back to the Future: The Last 75 Years!The Last 75 Years! -- • 1943 – “Neural Networks” – Perceptrons (AI – McCulloch/Pitts) • 1948 – “Cybernetics” – Norbert Wiener • 1969 – ARPANet Launched – 4 Packet Switching Net Nodes - • 1974 – Internet Protocol Published – Vint Cerf/Bob Kahn • 1982 – Elk Cloner - 1st “Apple Computer Virus • 1986 – “Brain” – 1st Microsoft MS-DOS Virus 91 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 • 1986 – “Brain” – 1st Microsoft MS-DOS Virus • 1988 – 1st “Packet Filter” Firewall (DEC: Digital Equipment Corp) • 1990 – World Wide Web – CERN Labs - Sir Tim Berners Lee • 1993 – Mosaic Browser – NCSA – Illinois, USA • 2018 –Transition to AI/ML Apps for 21stC CyberSecurity! -- ExploringExploring “Cyber Visions”“Cyber Visions” requires us torequires us to Research the PastResearch the Past!!
  92. 92. Evolution of Stochastic AutomataEvolution of Stochastic Automata:: Cambridge, June ‘76Cambridge, June ‘76 The Evolution ofThe Evolution of Stochastic AutomataStochastic Automata David Eric ProbertDavid Eric Probert -- 19761976 92 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Download :Download : www.valentina.net/Thesis/Thesis.pdfwww.valentina.net/Thesis/Thesis.pdf SelfSelf--Organisation & AdaptationOrganisation & Adaptation Of Stochastic Learning AutomataOf Stochastic Learning Automata To Dynamic EnvironmentsTo Dynamic Environments David Eric ProbertDavid Eric Probert -- 19761976 Churchill College, CambridgeChurchill College, Cambridge
  93. 93. -- Dept of Mathematics & StatisticsDept of Mathematics & Statistics -- Cambridge UniversityCambridge University :: 19731973 -- 19761976 93 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 David ProbertDavid Probert
  94. 94. ScenarioScenario 20202020:: “Advanced Cyber Tools”“Advanced Cyber Tools” *** Self*** Self--Learning Security ***Learning Security *** • Major Trends and Developments: Scenario 2025Scenario 2025 - Enterprises now deploy AI/MLAI/ML Based CyberSecurity ToolsCyberSecurity Tools -- “Augmented Reality”“Augmented Reality” Cyber Software & Smart DevicesSmart Devices -- C$OsC$Os provide Pan-Enterprise Physical/Cyber SecurityPhysical/Cyber Security -- ICT NetworksICT Networks migrate to SelfSelf--Learning Neural SecurityLearning Neural Security 94 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 -- ICT NetworksICT Networks migrate to SelfSelf--Learning Neural SecurityLearning Neural Security - Intelligent “AI Bots”“AI Bots” act a Real-Time “Cyber Police”“Cyber Police” to Search & Quarantine Resources linked with suspected CyberCriminals, Political HacktivistsCyberCriminals, Political Hacktivists & CyberTerrorCyberTerror CellsCells! ....Business & Government CyberCyber Networks & Assets now Secured 24/7 through “Intelligent AI/ML Bots”Intelligent AI/ML Bots”
  95. 95. Worldwide RealWorldwide Real--Time Financial TradingTime Financial Trading @@Light SpeedLight Speed –– 24/724/7 –– Global NetworksGlobal Networks 95 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  96. 96. Darktrace:Darktrace: AI/ML CyberSecurityAI/ML CyberSecurity -- The Enterprise Immune SystemThe Enterprise Immune System -- www.darktrace.comwww.darktrace.com 96 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 DarkTraceDarkTrace:: CyberSecurity SolutionCyberSecurity Solution thatthat “Learns”“Learns” ALL Net Traffic, Assets & User Behaviour...ALL Net Traffic, Assets & User Behaviour... ...Real...Real--time Alertstime Alerts provided &provided & Assets QuarantinedAssets Quarantined wheneverwhenever “Non“Non--Normal”Normal” Events Detected!Events Detected!
  97. 97. Smart 3D Network Cyber Simulation:Smart 3D Network Cyber Simulation: HyperglanceHyperglance 97 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 www.hyperglance.comwww.hyperglance.com
  98. 98. Google I/O:Google I/O: AI/ML FuturesAI/ML Futures –– 1717thth May 2017May 2017 98 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Ultra High SpeedUltra High Speed –– Tensor Processing Unit:Tensor Processing Unit: TPUTPU ****** AL/ML/Big Data AppsAL/ML/Big Data Apps -- 180180 TeraFlopsTeraFlops ******
  99. 99. Google I/O:Google I/O: AI/ML FuturesAI/ML Futures –– 1717thth May 2017May 2017 99 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Ultra High SpeedUltra High Speed –– Tensor Processing Unit:Tensor Processing Unit: TPUTPU ****** AL/ML/Big Data AppsAL/ML/Big Data Apps -- 180180 TeraFlopsTeraFlops ****** “Integrated Intelligent CyberSecurity”“Integrated Intelligent CyberSecurity” usingusing Google TPUGoogle TPU withinwithin 5 Years5 Years runningrunning UltraUltra--Fast RealFast Real--TimeTime AI/ML/Big Data!AI/ML/Big Data!
  100. 100. Google I/O:Google I/O: AI/ML FuturesAI/ML Futures –– 1717thth May 2017May 2017 100 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 Ultra High SpeedUltra High Speed –– Tensor Processing Unit:Tensor Processing Unit: TPUTPU ****** AL/ML/Big Data AppsAL/ML/Big Data Apps -- 180180 TeraFlopsTeraFlops ****** “Integrated Intelligent CyberSecurity”“Integrated Intelligent CyberSecurity” usingusing Google TPUGoogle TPU withinwithin 5 Years5 Years runningrunning UltraUltra--Fast RealFast Real--TimeTime AI/ML/Big Data!AI/ML/Big Data!GoogleGoogle Machine Learning Research CentreMachine Learning Research Centre:: ZurichZurich -- 20162016
  101. 101. CyberSecurity:CyberSecurity: Big Data VisualizationBig Data Visualization JapanJapan –– NICTNICT:: ““DaedalusDaedalus”” -- Cyber AlertCyber Alert 101 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 NICTNICT == NNationalational IInstitute ofnstitute of IInformation andnformation and CCommunicationsommunications TTechnologyechnology
  102. 102. CyberSecurity:CyberSecurity: Big Data VisualizationBig Data Visualization JapanJapan –– NICTNICT:: ““DaedalusDaedalus”” -- Cyber AlertCyber Alert 102 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 NICTNICT == NNationalational IInstitute ofnstitute of IInformation andnformation and CCommunicationsommunications TTechnologyechnology Web:Web: SiteVisor.usSiteVisor.us -- “Real“Real--Time Cyber Attack Alert System”Time Cyber Attack Alert System”
  103. 103. 1-CyberCyberCrime:Crime:CyberCyberTerror:Terror:CyberCyberWarWar “OUR Cyber Society”“OUR Cyber Society” 22 –– “TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats“TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats “YOUR Cyber Defence”“YOUR Cyber Defence” 3 –Scenario 2018Scenario 2018:: Cyber & Physical ToolsCyber & Physical Tools “Integrated Security”“Integrated Security” CyberCyberSecuritySecurity 20182018--20252025 && BeyondBeyond!...!... 103 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 4 –– Scenario 2019Scenario 2019:: Internet of Things: IoTInternet of Things: IoT “Self“Self--Adaptive”Adaptive” 5 –Scenario 2020:Scenario 2020: Machine LearningMachine Learning “Self“Self--Learning”Learning” 66 ––Scenario 2025Scenario 2025:: ArtificialArtificial IntellgenceIntellgence “Cyber“Cyber--Intelligent”Intelligent” 7 – ScenarioScenario 2040: Artificial Silicon Life”2040: Artificial Silicon Life” “Neural Security”“Neural Security” 88–– 2121ststCC Maritime SecurityMaritime Security TrendsTrends “Cyber @ Sea”“Cyber @ Sea” 9 –CyberCyber VISIONVISION to Securityto Security NOWNOW!..!.. “NEW Cyber Toolkit”“NEW Cyber Toolkit”
  104. 104. 1-CyberCyberCrime:Crime:CyberCyberTerror:Terror:CyberCyberWarWar “OUR Cyber Society”“OUR Cyber Society” 22 –– “TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats“TOP 10“ Cyber Attacks & Threats “YOUR Cyber Defence”“YOUR Cyber Defence” 3 –Scenario 2018Scenario 2018:: Cyber & Physical ToolsCyber & Physical Tools “Integrated Security”“Integrated Security” CyberCyberSecuritySecurity 20182018--20252025 && BeyondBeyond!...!... 66 ––Scenario 2025:Scenario 2025: Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence “Cyber“Cyber--Intelligent Security”Intelligent Security” 104 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 4 –– Scenario 2019Scenario 2019:: Internet of Things: IoTInternet of Things: IoT “Self“Self--Adaptive”Adaptive” 5 –Scenario 2020:Scenario 2020: Machine LearningMachine Learning “Self“Self--Learning”Learning” 66 ––Scenario 2025Scenario 2025:: ArtificialArtificial IntellgenceIntellgence “Cyber“Cyber--Intelligent”Intelligent” 7 – ScenarioScenario 2040: Artificial Silicon Life”2040: Artificial Silicon Life” “Neural Security”“Neural Security” 88–– 2121ststCC Maritime SecurityMaritime Security TrendsTrends “Cyber @ Sea”“Cyber @ Sea” 9 –CyberCyber VISIONVISION to Securityto Security NOWNOW!..!.. “NEW Cyber Toolkit”“NEW Cyber Toolkit” “Cyber“Cyber--Intelligent Security”Intelligent Security”
  105. 105. ScenarioScenario 20252025:: “Intelligent Defence Bots”“Intelligent Defence Bots” 105 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 TRONTRON (1982):(1982): SciSci--Fi Security Perspective!Fi Security Perspective! 19821982 << --Review Past 34 yearsReview Past 34 years-->> 20162016 <<-- Explore Future 34 yearsExplore Future 34 years-->> 20502050
  106. 106. ScenarioScenario 20252025:: “Intelligent Defence Bots”“Intelligent Defence Bots” 106 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 TRONTRON (1982):(1982): SciSci--Fi Security Perspective!Fi Security Perspective! 19821982 << --Review Past 34 yearsReview Past 34 years-->> 20162016 <<-- Explore Future 34 yearsExplore Future 34 years-->> 20502050
  107. 107. ScenarioScenario 2025:2025: ““Intelligent Security”Intelligent Security” • Transition & Full Deployment of Enterprise-Wide AI/ML-based IntelligentIntelligent “CyberSecurity” Tools • Real-Time Behavioural ModellingBehavioural Modelling of ALL aspects of Net Traffic, System/Event Logs, Net Nodes, Servers, Databases, Devices & Users • Focus on AI/ML ModellingAI/ML Modelling of the “Known Good”“Known Good” to 107 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 • Focus on AI/ML ModellingAI/ML Modelling of the “Known Good”“Known Good” to augment Classic Detection using “Known Bad”,“Known Bad”, and hence provide New Generation “Defence In“Defence In--Depth”Depth” • Trial Deployment of Autonomous RealAutonomous Real--TimeTime “Cyber” Alerts that integrate both Traditional & Advanced AI/ML “Cybersecurity Tools”
  108. 108. HybridHybrid 2121ststC Business OrganisationC Business Organisation -- Hierarchical & NetworkedHierarchical & Networked -- •• TransitionTransition from 20thC to 21stC Business, Governance & Security requires fundamental re-structuring of operations: –– 2020ththC Industrial Organisations:C Industrial Organisations: HierarchicalHierarchical Bureaucracies - ”Pyramids””Pyramids” - to manually process data/information. –– 2121ststC Intelligent Organisations:C Intelligent Organisations: NetworkedNetworked Peer-to-Peer Business & Agencies with data processed in Global “BIG Cyber Clouds”“BIG Cyber Clouds” 108 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 & Agencies with data processed in Global “BIG Cyber Clouds”“BIG Cyber Clouds” •• Living SystemsLiving Systems, such as Mammals & Birds, use HybridHybrid Organisation of their extended nervous system (Brain & BodyBrain & Body) to optimise real-time learning and effective self-organising environmental adaptation! •• Intelligent Security SolutionsIntelligent Security Solutions will also require HybridHybrid organisation to optimise real-time response to Cyber & PhysicalCyber & Physical Attacks. ScenarioScenario 20252025 Business will evolve to IntelligentBusiness will evolve to Intelligent HybridHybrid Security Operations!Security Operations!
  109. 109. Mapping 21Mapping 21ststC Social Media Networks:C Social Media Networks: LinkedIn (Probert)LinkedIn (Probert) 109 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  110. 110. Mapping 21Mapping 21ststC Social Media Networks:C Social Media Networks: LinkedIn (Probert)LinkedIn (Probert) 110 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  111. 111. TypicalTypical “Machine Learning”“Machine Learning” AlgorithmAlgorithm 111 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  112. 112. Deep Learning & Neural NetworksDeep Learning & Neural Networks AdvancedAdvanced CyberSecurityCyberSecurity SolutionsSolutions 112 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 www.nvidia.comwww.nvidia.com NVIDIANVIDIA –– Machine Learning GPUs & Deep Learning InstituteMachine Learning GPUs & Deep Learning Institute
  113. 113. Deep Learning & Neural NetworksDeep Learning & Neural Networks AdvancedAdvanced CyberSecurityCyberSecurity SolutionsSolutions 113 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  114. 114. Deep Learning & Neural NetworksDeep Learning & Neural Networks AdvancedAdvanced CyberSecurityCyberSecurity SolutionsSolutions 114 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  115. 115. Deep Learning & Neural NetworksDeep Learning & Neural Networks AdvancedAdvanced CyberSecurityCyberSecurity SolutionsSolutions 115 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 www.cylance.comwww.cylance.com/content/dam/cylance/pdfs/white_papers//content/dam/cylance/pdfs/white_papers/AI_and_Machine_Learning.pdfAI_and_Machine_Learning.pdf
  116. 116. DeepDeepInstinctInstinct:: RealReal--Time APT ProtectionTime APT Protection 116 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 ProvidesProvides Deep Learning CyberSecurityDeep Learning CyberSecurity forfor APT ProtectionAPT Protection ofof MobileMobile && EndEnd--PointsPoints!! --****** APTAPT = Advanced Persistent Threat ***= Advanced Persistent Threat ***
  117. 117. DeepDeepInstinctInstinct:: RealReal--Time APT ProtectionTime APT Protection 117 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 ProvidesProvides Deep Learning CyberSecurityDeep Learning CyberSecurity forfor APT ProtectionAPT Protection ofof MobileMobile && EndEnd--PointsPoints!! --****** APTAPT = Advanced Persistent Threat ***= Advanced Persistent Threat *** www.deepinstinct.comwww.deepinstinct.com
  118. 118. SenseonSenseon:: Enterprise AIEnterprise AI--EnabledEnabled “Cyber Intelligence & Analysis”...“Cyber Intelligence & Analysis”... 118 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018
  119. 119. SingularityNetSingularityNet:: Platform for AI EconomyPlatform for AI Economy -- DistributedDistributed BlockChainBlockChain Payment NetPayment Net -- 119 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 LaunchLaunch:: Oct 2017Oct 2017 -- Web:Web: singularityNet.iosingularityNet.io -- FounderFounder:: Dr BenDr Ben GoertzelGoertzel
  120. 120. SingularityNetSingularityNet:: Platform for AI EconomyPlatform for AI Economy -- DistributedDistributed BlockChainBlockChain Payment NetPayment Net -- 120 “21stC CyberSecurity Defence & Trends” **** From 2018 - 2025 & Beyond! **** HQS Wellington, London, UK – 5th July 2018 © Dr David E. Probert : www.VAZA.com © ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018ISSA Summer CyberSecurity Conference 2018 LaunchLaunch:: Oct 2017Oct 2017 -- Web:Web: singularityNet.iosingularityNet.io -- FounderFounder:: Dr BenDr Ben GoertzelGoertzel

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