Midwest Conference: #4 pornography out

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Midwest Conference: #4 pornography out

  1. 1. PornographyPornography
  2. 2. Changing StandardsChanging Standards Entertainment Analyst Dennis McAlpineEntertainment Analyst Dennis McAlpine Auerbach, Pollak & RichardsonAuerbach, Pollak & Richardson ““Most cable operators still don’t want to cross theMost cable operators still don’t want to cross the threshold from ‘acceptable adultthreshold from ‘acceptable adult programming’ . . . penetration, anal sex, oralprogramming’ . . . penetration, anal sex, oral sex, group sex, and lesbian and gay sex, tosex, group sex, and lesbian and gay sex, to ‘pornography.’”‘pornography.’” (In Paul, 2005 p. 56)(In Paul, 2005 p. 56)
  3. 3. EconomicsEconomics Hollywood annuallyHollywood annually 400 feature films400 feature films 11,000 porn films11,000 porn films
  4. 4. EconomicsEconomics 4 billion a year from videos4 billion a year from videos (More revenues than NFL, MLB or NBA)(More revenues than NFL, MLB or NBA)
  5. 5. EconomicsEconomics Total RevenueTotal Revenue Adult FilmsAdult Films 5 to 10 billion5 to 10 billion
  6. 6. PopularityPopularity Porn sites visitedPorn sites visited 3 times more often3 times more often than Google, Yahoo, & MSN Searchthan Google, Yahoo, & MSN Search combinedcombined (InternetWeek, June 4, 2004)(InternetWeek, June 4, 2004)
  7. 7. Porn on internetPorn on internet N = 15,246N = 15,246 Downloaded or intentionally viewedDownloaded or intentionally viewed erotic films or photoserotic films or photos MenMen 75%75% WomenWomen 41%41% (Lever, 2004)(Lever, 2004)
  8. 8. Porn on InternetPorn on Internet 18 – 24 year old men18 – 24 year old men 70%70% Visit porn siteVisit porn site At least once a monthAt least once a month (ComScore, an Internet traffic measuring service(ComScore, an Internet traffic measuring service in Paul, 2005)in Paul, 2005)
  9. 9. Porn at WorkPorn at Work Accidentally visitedAccidentally visited at workat work 75%75% More than 10 timesMore than 10 times 15%15% Seen co-workers surfingSeen co-workers surfing 40%40% (SonicWALL Web Usage Survey, 2004)(SonicWALL Web Usage Survey, 2004)
  10. 10. Porn at WorkPorn at Work VA Department of TransportationVA Department of Transportation 1717 Fired for watching porn at workFired for watching porn at work > than 2 hours daily> than 2 hours daily (Bacque, 2004)(Bacque, 2004)
  11. 11. Violent ContentViolent Content (Including torture & mutilation)(Including torture & mutilation) MagazinesMagazines 25%25% VideosVideos 27%27% UsernetsUsernets 42%42% (Barron & Kimmel, 2000)(Barron & Kimmel, 2000)
  12. 12. BukkakeBukkake Young Japanese womenYoung Japanese women Ejaculated on by multiple menEjaculated on by multiple men CryingCrying
  13. 13. Teens & the InternetTeens & the Internet Ages 15 – 17Ages 15 – 17 Gone onlineGone online 95%95% Internet access from homeInternet access from home 83%83% Internet access from bedroomInternet access from bedroom 31%31% (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2001)(Kaiser Family Foundation, 2001)
  14. 14. Teens & Online PornographyTeens & Online Pornography Seen online accidentallySeen online accidentally Ages 15 – 17Ages 15 – 17 Total = 70%Total = 70% Very often orVery often or somewhat oftensomewhat often 23%23% Not too oftenNot too often 47%47% (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2001)(Kaiser Family Foundation, 2001)
  15. 15. Teens & PornTeens & Porn Friends who regularlyFriends who regularly view internet porn & downloadview internet porn & download 45%45% (Columbia U, 2004, In Paul 2005)(Columbia U, 2004, In Paul 2005)
  16. 16. Teens & PornTeens & Porn Regularly download pornRegularly download porn AgeAge %% 1212 3333 1717 6767 (Columbia U, 2004, In Paul 2005)(Columbia U, 2004, In Paul 2005)
  17. 17. Do the Parents Know?Do the Parents Know? Ages 9 - 19Ages 9 - 19 KidsKids ParentsParents N = 1511N = 1511 N = 906N = 906 Contact w/ pornContact w/ porn 57%57% 16%16% Given out personal infoGiven out personal info 46%46% 5%5% Unwanted sexualUnwanted sexual commentscomments 33%33% 5%5% (Livingstone & Bober, 2005)(Livingstone & Bober, 2005)
  18. 18. Allure of PornAllure of Porn Woman loves anything done to themWoman loves anything done to them No relationship issuesNo relationship issues No pregnanciesNo pregnancies No rejectionsNo rejections No AIDSNo AIDS
  19. 19. Allure of PornAllure of Porn ““Nobody fails to get an erection, the womanNobody fails to get an erection, the woman doesn’t have trouble achieving orgasm,doesn’t have trouble achieving orgasm, nobody fears their gut looks too big ornobody fears their gut looks too big or they’re sweating too much or they can’tthey’re sweating too much or they can’t catch their breath.”catch their breath.” (Paul, 2005, p. 41)(Paul, 2005, p. 41)
  20. 20. Impact of PornImpact of Porn ““I don’t see how any male who likes pornI don’t see how any male who likes porn can think actual sex is better, at least if itcan think actual sex is better, at least if it involves all the crap that comes withinvolves all the crap that comes with having a real live female in your life.”having a real live female in your life.” (Paul, 2005, p. 39)(Paul, 2005, p. 39)
  21. 21. AustinAustin ““Walking down the street, he says, youWalking down the street, he says, you see all these girls you want to have sexsee all these girls you want to have sex with. ‘And it makes you angry in a way.with. ‘And it makes you angry in a way. Not violently angry, but just pissed off. ItNot violently angry, but just pissed off. It pains us every time we see anotherpains us every time we see another woman we cant’ have sex with. You wantwoman we cant’ have sex with. You want to see all these women naked and youto see all these women naked and you know you never will. It’s really frustrating.’”know you never will. It’s really frustrating.’” (Paul, 2005, p. 40)(Paul, 2005, p. 40)
  22. 22. AustinAustin “’“’Sure you might get to see one woman, butSure you might get to see one woman, but the point is you can’t get every one.the point is you can’t get every one. There’s always another woman who willThere’s always another woman who will walk by and torment you. It makes lifewalk by and torment you. It makes life seem incredibly unfair: all temptation, withseem incredibly unfair: all temptation, with little reward. First you’re single and youlittle reward. First you’re single and you can’t get the women you really want; thencan’t get the women you really want; then you’re married and you’re tied to oneyou’re married and you’re tied to one woman for the rest of your life.”’woman for the rest of your life.”’ (Paul, 2005, p. 40)(Paul, 2005, p. 40)
  23. 23. AustinAustin Age 29Age 29 Never had a serious girlfriendNever had a serious girlfriend
  24. 24. Compulsive UseCompulsive Use 11 + hours a week11 + hours a week 6 – 13%6 – 13%
  25. 25. Trouble StoppingTrouble Stopping Problem Controlling Use to Log OnProblem Controlling Use to Log On 17%17% (Elle-MSNBC survey, 2004)(Elle-MSNBC survey, 2004)
  26. 26. The RushThe Rush ““In pornographic perception, the addictIn pornographic perception, the addict experiences a type of vertigo, a fearfulexperiences a type of vertigo, a fearful exhilaration, a moment when all theexhilaration, a moment when all the addict’s ties to the outside world do indeedaddict’s ties to the outside world do indeed seem to be cut or numbed. That sense ofseem to be cut or numbed. That sense of endless falling, that rush, is what theendless falling, that rush, is what the addict seeks again and again. . . He isaddict seeks again and again. . . He is helpless before it.”helpless before it.” (Mura, p. 125 in Kimmel, 1990)(Mura, p. 125 in Kimmel, 1990)
  27. 27. Online ChallengeOnline Challenge N = 100 Online UsersN = 100 Online Users Go without porn 2 weeksGo without porn 2 weeks Failed within 1 weekFailed within 1 week 5252 Failed within 3 daysFailed within 3 days 2424 Dropped outDropped out 66 (www.pointlesswasteoftime.com/pornoff.html.)(www.pointlesswasteoftime.com/pornoff.html.)
  28. 28. Language of AddictsLanguage of Addicts ““From the first hours on, lots of these guysFrom the first hours on, lots of these guys were suddenly talking about ‘withdrawal’were suddenly talking about ‘withdrawal’ and talking about how tomorrow wasand talking about how tomorrow was going to be a ‘tough day’ with time alonegoing to be a ‘tough day’ with time alone and high-speed access. They were usingand high-speed access. They were using the language recovering addicts use,the language recovering addicts use, which I admit both surprised me andwhich I admit both surprised me and creeped me out a little.”creeped me out a little.”
  29. 29. Impact on RelationshipsImpact on Relationships Spouses “Seriously” InvolvedSpouses “Seriously” Involved No longer interestedNo longer interested in wivesin wives 50%50% Wives lost interestWives lost interest 33%33% Separated or divorcedSeparated or divorced 20%20% (Schneider, 2000)(Schneider, 2000)
  30. 30. CompulsionCompulsion 2 friends2 friends Both 20’sBoth 20’s Both overweightBoth overweight Never had a girlfriendNever had a girlfriend Never had intercourseNever had intercourse No friendsNo friends Neither leaves homeNeither leaves home Porn all free timePorn all free time
  31. 31. CompulsionCompulsion GabeGabe Not spending time with kidsNot spending time with kids Straight from work to internetStraight from work to internet One week online 24/7One week online 24/7 Now 36 hour break every 2 or 3 weeksNow 36 hour break every 2 or 3 weeks 5 years5 years
  32. 32. Porn & Real LifePorn & Real Life ““Women who were otherwise good-lookingWomen who were otherwise good-looking but weren’t as overtly sexy as the womenbut weren’t as overtly sexy as the women in porn don’t appeal to me as muchin porn don’t appeal to me as much anymore. I find that I look more foranymore. I find that I look more for women who have the attributes I see inwomen who have the attributes I see in porn. I want bigger breasts, blonder hair,porn. I want bigger breasts, blonder hair, curvier bodies in general.”curvier bodies in general.” (Harrison in Paul, 2005, p. 81)(Harrison in Paul, 2005, p. 81)
  33. 33. Porn & Real LifePorn & Real Life ““It’s not easy to turn me on anymore. AndIt’s not easy to turn me on anymore. And that’s not a good thing. . . I thought aboutthat’s not a good thing. . . I thought about why it is that I don’t often look twice whenwhy it is that I don’t often look twice when a nearly nude 20-something walks by mea nearly nude 20-something walks by me in a restaurant. Or sometimes at night,in a restaurant. Or sometimes at night, when, on that rare occasion I have awhen, on that rare occasion I have a woman in bed next to me waiting for me towoman in bed next to me waiting for me to make a move, I fall asleep.”make a move, I fall asleep.” (Paul, 2005, p. 82)(Paul, 2005, p. 82)
  34. 34. ““I am immune to all of it . . . I have seenI am immune to all of it . . . I have seen everything – things I did not know theeverything – things I did not know the human body could do or wanted to do. . .human body could do or wanted to do. . . When all is said and done, I have builtWhen all is said and done, I have built such a high immunity to sex that the wholesuch a high immunity to sex that the whole idea of it is demystified. There are noidea of it is demystified. There are no secrets. There are no subtleties – thesecrets. There are no subtleties – the subtleties that can tease a person tosubtleties that can tease a person to arousal.” (Paul, 2005, p. 82)arousal.” (Paul, 2005, p. 82)
  35. 35. ImpactImpact Raises expectationsRaises expectations how women lookhow women look 51%51% Changes expectationsChanges expectations how women behavehow women behave 48%48% (Paul, 2005)(Paul, 2005)
  36. 36. Impact on SexImpact on Sex Online pornOnline porn 5 + hrs/week5 + hrs/week Sex w/ womenSex w/ women Less arousingLess arousing 35%35% Real sex can’tReal sex can’t CompareCompare 20%20% (Elle-MSNBC, 2004)(Elle-MSNBC, 2004)
  37. 37. ““My heart would race less. . . Sex justMy heart would race less. . . Sex just seemed so ordinary; it was no longerseemed so ordinary; it was no longer thrilling or magical the way it had beenthrilling or magical the way it had been before i-porn.”before i-porn.” (Rajiv in Paul, 2005, 0. 96)(Rajiv in Paul, 2005, 0. 96)
  38. 38. ““I’ve broken up with women who wouldn’tI’ve broken up with women who wouldn’t perform certain things I’ve seen in films.”perform certain things I’ve seen in films.” (Paul, 2005, p. 93)(Paul, 2005, p. 93) ““I plan to bring up pornography very early inI plan to bring up pornography very early in my next relationship. That way, if it’s anmy next relationship. That way, if it’s an issue, we just won’t go anywhere.”issue, we just won’t go anywhere.” (Paul, 2005, p. 100)(Paul, 2005, p. 100)
  39. 39. Impact of PornImpact of Porn N = 1209N = 1209 Ages 15 – 24Ages 15 – 24 • Serious impactSerious impact 67%67% • Encourages sexEncourages sex before readybefore ready 59%59% • Become addictedBecome addicted 49%49% • Unprotected sex OKUnprotected sex OK 49%49% • Bad attitudes to womenBad attitudes to women 49%49% (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2001)(Kaiser Family Foundation, 2001)
  40. 40. Impact of PornImpact of Porn All adultsAll adults 15-2415-24 Have sex earlierHave sex earlier 25%25% 59%59% (Paul, 2005)(Paul, 2005)
  41. 41. Impact of PornImpact of Porn AgesAges OlderOlder YoungerYounger 25- 4025- 40 18–2418–24 Harms RelationshipsHarms Relationships 30%30% 40%40% (Paul, 2005)(Paul, 2005)
  42. 42. Regulate PornRegulate Porn 18-2418-24ParentsParents Warning labels &Warning labels & restricting userestricting use 20%20% 10%10% (Paul, 2005)(Paul, 2005)
  43. 43. Impact on PerceptionsImpact on Perceptions N = 80 college studentsN = 80 college students 6 weeks6 weeks Exposure:Exposure: MassiveMassive 6 sexual films per session6 sexual films per session 48 minutes per week48 minutes per week 4 hrs & 38 minutes4 hrs & 38 minutes IntermediateIntermediate 3 erotic; 3 nonerotic3 erotic; 3 nonerotic 2 hrs & 24 minutes2 hrs & 24 minutes NoneNone All nonerotic filmsAll nonerotic films (Bryant & Zillmann, 1982)(Bryant & Zillmann, 1982)
  44. 44. Impact on PerceptionImpact on Perception Newspaper ReportNewspaper Report Rape of HitchhikerRape of Hitchhiker Recommended SentencesRecommended Sentences MenMen WomenWomen No filmsNo films 95 mos95 mos 143 mos143 mos MassiveMassive 50 mos50 mos 77 mos77 mos (Bryant & Zillmann, 1982)(Bryant & Zillmann, 1982)
  45. 45. ImpactImpact Massive ExposureMassive Exposure Less likely to want a daughterLess likely to want a daughter (Bryant & Zillmann, 1982)(Bryant & Zillmann, 1982)
  46. 46. ImpactImpact Massive ExposureMassive Exposure Less likely to support women’s causesLess likely to support women’s causes 3 times less likely to favor women’s rights3 times less likely to favor women’s rights (Bryant & Zillmann, 1982)(Bryant & Zillmann, 1982)
  47. 47. Child Pornography & theChild Pornography & the InternetInternet
  48. 48. Size of CollectionsSize of Collections 1998 San Diego case1998 San Diego case 40,000 photos40,000 photos 1,000 movies1,000 movies OrganizedOrganized ““li’l rape”li’l rape”
  49. 49. Size of CollectionsSize of Collections England, 1999England, 1999 100,000 hardcore pictures100,000 hardcore pictures 22,000 pictures of boys and girls22,000 pictures of boys and girls Ages 2 - 13Ages 2 - 13
  50. 50. Child Pornography & theChild Pornography & the InternetInternet SupportSupport AdviceAdvice AccessAccess
  51. 51. Support from the InternetSupport from the Internet Man Molesting 10-Year-Old DaughterMan Molesting 10-Year-Old Daughter ““I am so happy to find this site . . . I thoughtI am so happy to find this site . . . I thought having a sexual attraction to my daughterhaving a sexual attraction to my daughter was bad. I now do not feel guilty orwas bad. I now do not feel guilty or conflicted.”conflicted.” (Eichenwald, 8/21/06)(Eichenwald, 8/21/06)
  52. 52. Advice the InternetAdvice the Internet Wants to be foster parentWants to be foster parent ““You better have a darned good excuse why youYou better have a darned good excuse why you never married, such as your fiancée died in anever married, such as your fiancée died in a car wreck . . I highly recommend you datecar wreck . . I highly recommend you date women for several years and keep at least awomen for several years and keep at least a couple of those relationships going for at least acouple of those relationships going for at least a couple of months. Around the women, make acouple of months. Around the women, make a point of being nice to children.”point of being nice to children.” (Eichenwald, 8/21/2006)(Eichenwald, 8/21/2006)
  53. 53. ““It has been stated a million times already, youIt has been stated a million times already, you should NEVER store anything illegal on your hd,should NEVER store anything illegal on your hd, just too damn risky. . . Better to save all yourjust too damn risky. . . Better to save all your precious files on encrypted CD’s. . . You canprecious files on encrypted CD’s. . . You can store up to 650 MG on a single CD and they’restore up to 650 MG on a single CD and they’re easy to hide or destroy if the worst were toeasy to hide or destroy if the worst were to happen. Also, when you encrypt your CD’s withhappen. Also, when you encrypt your CD’s with PCPdisk or similar, you can rest assured that noPCPdisk or similar, you can rest assured that no one will ever know just what you have on them.one will ever know just what you have on them. And you can sleep a little better knowing justAnd you can sleep a little better knowing just that.” (Jenkins, 2001, p. 101)that.” (Jenkins, 2001, p. 101)
  54. 54. SupportSupport ““Does anyone know how many pedophilesDoes anyone know how many pedophiles there are in this world? Sometimes I feelthere are in this world? Sometimes I feel like I’m the only one. . . I don’t think noonelike I’m the only one. . . I don’t think noone know me interest but I am just 24 and Iknow me interest but I am just 24 and I feel very lonely in my age, do you thinkfeel very lonely in my age, do you think there are more in my age who are pedo?”there are more in my age who are pedo?”
  55. 55. SupportSupport ““No, you are not alone. We all share yourNo, you are not alone. We all share your emotions. We are into kids, that’s why weemotions. We are into kids, that’s why we are here, you know. There are no stupidare here, you know. There are no stupid questions, only answers.”questions, only answers.” (Jenkins, 2001, p. 106)(Jenkins, 2001, p. 106)
  56. 56. Selling Their PhilosophySelling Their Philosophy PodcastsPodcasts Internet Radio StationInternet Radio Station Advertising CharitiesAdvertising Charities
  57. 57. Selling the PhilosophySelling the Philosophy PodcastsPodcasts Benefits of Age Difference in Sexual RelationshipsBenefits of Age Difference in Sexual Relationships Child’s Sexual Autonomy, Practices & ConsequencesChild’s Sexual Autonomy, Practices & Consequences Failure of Sex Offender RegistriesFailure of Sex Offender Registries The Misrepresentation of Pedophilia in the News MediaThe Misrepresentation of Pedophilia in the News Media (Eichenwald, 8/21/2006)(Eichenwald, 8/21/2006)
  58. 58. Online Can Mislead PedophilesOnline Can Mislead Pedophiles Discussion with Minors on Game SiteDiscussion with Minors on Game Site Raised Dutch Pedophilic partyRaised Dutch Pedophilic party Why Angry?Why Angry? ““Your post is a typical example of what happensYour post is a typical example of what happens when you spend too much time in the online BLwhen you spend too much time in the online BL community . . Believe it or not, most youngcommunity . . Believe it or not, most young children are NOT anxious to have sex with adultchildren are NOT anxious to have sex with adult men.”men.” (Eichenwald, 8/21/2006)(Eichenwald, 8/21/2006)
  59. 59. 9-year-old Sexually Abused by9-year-old Sexually Abused by NeighborNeighbor ““Marion obviously enjoyed her time with the poster,Marion obviously enjoyed her time with the poster, look at what she did for him, all that posing, andlook at what she did for him, all that posing, and for a beautiful girl like that ti miss out onfor a beautiful girl like that ti miss out on itit, how, how long you think til she wants another guy, nolong you think til she wants another guy, no amount of abuse counseling is gonna convinceamount of abuse counseling is gonna convince her that the pleasure she received was reallyher that the pleasure she received was really abusive and painful, oh, what a fucking madabusive and painful, oh, what a fucking mad world.”world.” (Jenkins, 2001, p. 133)(Jenkins, 2001, p. 133)
  60. 60. Child Porn & PedophiliaChild Porn & Pedophilia N = 685 Sex OffendersN = 685 Sex Offenders Child pornography chargesChild pornography charges 100100 (Seto et al., 2006)(Seto et al., 2006)
  61. 61. Child Porn OffendersChild Porn Offenders Also Hands-on Child OffensesAlso Hands-on Child Offenses Age 14 or YoungerAge 14 or Younger YesYes 4343 NoNo 5757 (Seto et al., 2006)(Seto et al., 2006)
  62. 62. Child Porn & PedophiliaChild Porn & Pedophilia Pedophilic Index >.25Pedophilic Index >.25 (Seto et al., 2006)(Seto et al., 2006) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Child Porn Child Victims
  63. 63. Child Porn & PedophiliaChild Porn & Pedophilia Pedophilic IndexPedophilic Index (Seto et al., 2006)(Seto et al., 2006) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 CP No Vics CP w/ Vics 1 C Vic 2 C Vics 3 C Vvics Pedo
  64. 64. Child Porn & PedophiliaChild Porn & Pedophilia (Seto et al., 2006)(Seto et al., 2006) Both child porn groupsBoth child porn groups (with & w/out hands-on victims)(with & w/out hands-on victims) Had same pedophilic arousalHad same pedophilic arousal
  65. 65. Child Porn & PedophiliaChild Porn & Pedophilia (Seto et al., 2006)(Seto et al., 2006) ““Child pornography offenders, regardlessChild pornography offenders, regardless of whether they had a history of sexualof whether they had a history of sexual offenses against child victims, were moreoffenses against child victims, were more likely to show a pedophilic pattern oflikely to show a pedophilic pattern of sexual arousal than were a combinedsexual arousal than were a combined group of offenders against children.”group of offenders against children.” (p. 613)(p. 613)
  66. 66. Child Porn & PedophiliaChild Porn & Pedophilia (Seto et al., 2006)(Seto et al., 2006) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 CP no vics CP w/ vics 1 C vic 2 C vic 3 C vic Max Child Max Adult
  67. 67. Child Pornography & Contact OffensesChild Pornography & Contact Offenses N = 201N = 201 Child Pornography OffendersChild Pornography Offenders Possession, distribution or productionPossession, distribution or production Prior criminal offensePrior criminal offense 56%56% Prior violent offensesPrior violent offenses 30%30% Prior contact sex offensesPrior contact sex offenses 24%24% (Seto & Eck, 2005)(Seto & Eck, 2005)
  68. 68. Child Porn & Contact OffensesChild Porn & Contact Offenses RecidivismRecidivism Follow-up – 2.5 yearsFollow-up – 2.5 years New crimeNew crime 17%17% New child porn crimeNew child porn crime 6%6% New contact sex crimeNew contact sex crime 4 %4 % (Seto & Eck, 2005)(Seto & Eck, 2005)
  69. 69. Content of Child PornContent of Child Porn Prepubescent childrenPrepubescent children 80%80% PenetrationPenetration 80%80% Sexual violenceSexual violence (bondage, rape & torture)(bondage, rape & torture) 21%21% VideoVideo 33%33% (Wolak et al., 2005)(Wolak et al., 2005)
  70. 70. Ages of ChildrenAges of Children Ages 6 – 12Ages 6 – 12 83%83% 3 – 53 – 5 39%39% Toddlers & infantsToddlers & infants 19%19% (Wolak et al., 2005)(Wolak et al., 2005)
  71. 71. Bourke & Hernandez 2009Bourke & Hernandez 2009 N = 155N = 155 All were Child Porn PossessorAll were Child Porn Possessor No producers of child pornNo producers of child porn Intensive sex offender treatment programIntensive sex offender treatment program
  72. 72. Criteria for Contact OffensesCriteria for Contact Offenses ConvictionConviction AdmissionAdmission Substantiation by Child ProtectionSubstantiation by Child Protection
  73. 73. Child Porn & Contact OffensesChild Porn & Contact Offenses (Hernandez, 2000)(Hernandez, 2000) 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 PSA After SOTP Contact sex crimes
  74. 74. Child Porn & Hands On VictimsChild Porn & Hands On Victims (Bourke & Hernandez, 2009)(Bourke & Hernandez, 2009) 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 At Sentencing Endof Tx No handson victims Handson victims
  75. 75. Child Porn and Hands On OffensesChild Porn and Hands On Offenses AtAt AfterAfter SentencingSentencing TreatmentTreatment Hands On VictimsHands On Victims 40 (26%)40 (26%) 131 (85%)131 (85%) No Hands On VictimsNo Hands On Victims 115 (74%)115 (74%) 24 (15%)24 (15%) (Bourke & Hernandez, 2009)(Bourke & Hernandez, 2009)
  76. 76. Total Number of VictimsTotal Number of Victims
  77. 77. Child Porn and Hands On OffensesChild Porn and Hands On Offenses Total Number of VictimsTotal Number of Victims AtAt AfterAfter SentencingSentencing TreatmentTreatment Hands On VictimsHands On Victims 7575 1,7771,777 (Bourke & Hernandez, 2009)(Bourke & Hernandez, 2009)
  78. 78. Average Number of VictimsAverage Number of Victims
  79. 79. Child Porn and Hands On OffensesChild Porn and Hands On Offenses Average Number of VictimsAverage Number of Victims AtAt AfterAfter SentencingSentencing TreatmentTreatment Hands On VictimsHands On Victims 1.881.88 13.5613.56 (Bourke & Hernandez, 2009)(Bourke & Hernandez, 2009)
  80. 80. Child Porn GroupChild Porn Group No Known Offenses at SentencingNo Known Offenses at Sentencing Victims of Both GendersVictims of Both Genders 24%24% Pre & Post pubescentPre & Post pubescent 48%48% (Bourke & Hernandez, 2009)(Bourke & Hernandez, 2009)
  81. 81. Are Child Porn Possessors at RiskAre Child Porn Possessors at Risk to Molest Children?to Molest Children? ““Our findings show that the InternetOur findings show that the Internet offenders in our sample were significantlyoffenders in our sample were significantly more likely than not to have sexuallymore likely than not to have sexually abused a child via a hands-on act.”abused a child via a hands-on act.” (Bourke & Hernandez, 2009, p. 183)(Bourke & Hernandez, 2009, p. 183)
  82. 82. Are Child Porn Possessors at RiskAre Child Porn Possessors at Risk to Molest Children?to Molest Children? ““They also indicate that the offenders whoThey also indicate that the offenders who abused children were likely to haveabused children were likely to have offended against multiple victims, and thatoffended against multiple victims, and that the incidence of ‘crossover’ by gender andthe incidence of ‘crossover’ by gender and age is high.”age is high.” (Bourke & Hernandez, 2009, p. 183)(Bourke & Hernandez, 2009, p. 183)
  83. 83. Are Child Porn PossessorsAre Child Porn Possessors Pedophiles?Pedophiles? ““In our work with hundreds of Internet childIn our work with hundreds of Internet child pornography offenders in treatment, thepornography offenders in treatment, the vast majority of those who initially deniedvast majority of those who initially denied paraphilic interest subsequentlyparaphilic interest subsequently acknowledged their pre-existing andacknowledged their pre-existing and longstanding sexual interest in minors.”longstanding sexual interest in minors.” (Bourke & Hernandez, 2009, p. 185)(Bourke & Hernandez, 2009, p. 185)
  84. 84. Average Number of VictimsAverage Number of Victims Child Porn GroupChild Porn Group No Known Offenses at SentencingNo Known Offenses at Sentencing 8.7 Victims per Offender8.7 Victims per Offender (Bourke & Hernandez, 2009)(Bourke & Hernandez, 2009)
  85. 85. Review of 15 StudiesReview of 15 Studies Child PornographyChild Pornography N = 3536N = 3536 OfficialOfficial Self-ReportSelf-Report RecordsRecords Hands On OffensesHands On Offenses 18%18% 59%59% (Hanson & Babchishin, 2009)(Hanson & Babchishin, 2009)
  86. 86. Differences in Internet and OtherDifferences in Internet and Other Sex OffendersSex Offenders More educationMore education Higher rates of pedophiliaHigher rates of pedophilia Higher rates of sexual preoccupationHigher rates of sexual preoccupation Lower rates of antisocial/psychopathyLower rates of antisocial/psychopathy
  87. 87. Child Porn ArrestsChild Porn Arrests (Wolak et al., 2005)(Wolak et al., 2005) 53% 31% 16% CP Possession Contact Solicitation
  88. 88. NewsgroupsNewsgroups 90,000 or so90,000 or so UsernetUsernet Alt.binaries.pictures.bc-seriesAlt.binaries.pictures.bc-series Alt.binaries.adolescentsAlt.binaries.adolescents Alt.binaries.pictures.boysAlt.binaries.pictures.boys (Jenkins, 2001)(Jenkins, 2001)
  89. 89. ““Right now abpep-t contains tons of newRight now abpep-t contains tons of new mpeg’s. Normally abpep-t gets approxmpeg’s. Normally abpep-t gets approx 5000-7000 new posts every week, and the5000-7000 new posts every week, and the latest 14,000 posts are available right nowlatest 14,000 posts are available right now at one pay-server [address deleted]. Youat one pay-server [address deleted]. You will find that abpep-t is the best source inwill find that abpep-t is the best source in terms of finding on-topic (under thirteenterms of finding on-topic (under thirteen y.o.) material.” (Jenkins, 2001, p. 55)y.o.) material.” (Jenkins, 2001, p. 55)
  90. 90. FAQ abpep-tFAQ abpep-t ““The name of this group says . . . Pictures,The name of this group says . . . Pictures, erotica, pre-teen. This means we want toerotica, pre-teen. This means we want to share pictures ofshare pictures of pre-teens,pre-teens, that is, underthat is, under thirteen. Pre-teen means just that,thirteen. Pre-teen means just that, younger than thirteen, we don’t want toyounger than thirteen, we don’t want to see teens or grandma, so please keep itsee teens or grandma, so please keep it on-topic (or at least close). Both boys andon-topic (or at least close). Both boys and girls are considered on-topic.”girls are considered on-topic.” (Jenkins, 2001, p. 56)(Jenkins, 2001, p. 56)
  91. 91. StoriesStories A night in the kids room by S. o. S.A night in the kids room by S. o. S. (Pedo/toddler, incest-brothers/sisters/Oral,(Pedo/toddler, incest-brothers/sisters/Oral, Anal, GangbangAnal, Gangbang Anne by Kinnik (rape, Pedo, Torture,Anne by Kinnik (rape, Pedo, Torture, Snuff)Snuff) Baby Sex is the Best – Part II by Evil DadBaby Sex is the Best – Part II by Evil Dad (Child rape & abuse, Pedo Scat, WS)(Child rape & abuse, Pedo Scat, WS) 14 Year Old Avenger by brisk065 (Pedo,14 Year Old Avenger by brisk065 (Pedo, Bi sex, Scat, WS, Vomit, Animal, Torture,Bi sex, Scat, WS, Vomit, Animal, Torture, Spanking, Snuff, Incest)Spanking, Snuff, Incest)
  92. 92. Seduction to Child PornSeduction to Child Porn Justin BerryJustin Berry $50$50 Sit bare-chested in front of Webcam for 3Sit bare-chested in front of Webcam for 3 minutesminutes (Eichenwald, 2006)(Eichenwald, 2006)
  93. 93. PraisePraise ““They complimented me all the time . . .They complimented me all the time . . . They told me I was smart, they told me IThey told me I was smart, they told me I was handsome.”was handsome.” (Eichenwald(Eichenwald
  94. 94. Escalating RequestsEscalating Requests $100 pose in underwear$100 pose in underwear (Eichenwald, 2006)(Eichenwald, 2006)
  95. 95. GiftsGifts Amazon wish listAmazon wish list (Eichenwald, 2006)(Eichenwald, 2006)
  96. 96. EquipmentEquipment Asante four-port hub (multiple cameras)Asante four-port hub (multiple cameras) Viking memory upgradeViking memory upgrade Color WebcamColor Webcam Intel Deluxe USB cameraIntel Deluxe USB camera HP cameraHP camera (Eichenwald, 2006)(Eichenwald, 2006)
  97. 97. SeductionSeduction Jason BerryJason Berry UndressingUndressing ShoweringShowering MasturbatingMasturbating Having SexHaving Sex (Eichenwald, 2006)(Eichenwald, 2006)
  98. 98. FacilitatingFacilitating Helped with Pornographic websiteHelped with Pornographic website Justinscam.comJustinscam.com Yahoo, AOL, MSNYahoo, AOL, MSN Free instant message services w/ videoFree instant message services w/ video Stream live video free – if president could watchStream live video free – if president could watch Sites – paid ads from teens & vote for favoritesSites – paid ads from teens & vote for favorites
  99. 99. SeductionSeduction Audience 1500Audience 1500 Hundreds of Thousands of DollarsHundreds of Thousands of Dollars (Eichenwald, 2006)(Eichenwald, 2006)
  100. 100. EnticementEnticement Computer campComputer camp Invited to Michigan – sex with a girlInvited to Michigan – sex with a girl (Eichenwald, 2006)(Eichenwald, 2006)
  101. 101. Who?Who? Analyzed 300 of 1500Analyzed 300 of 1500 DoctorsDoctors LawyersLawyers BusinessBusiness TeachersTeachers Etc.Etc.
  102. 102. MoneyMoney $45/month$45/month $300 hour long private shows$300 hour long private shows (Eichenwald, 2006)(Eichenwald, 2006) Gil Tunno Intel employeeGil Tunno Intel employee Thousands meet for sexThousands meet for sex Signed apartment leaseSigned apartment lease
  103. 103. EscalationEscalation Father helpedFather helped New web siteNew web site Live sex with prostitutesLive sex with prostitutes $35 monthly$35 monthly Discounts for 3 months, 6 months andDiscounts for 3 months, 6 months and annual membershipsannual memberships Cocaine & marijuanaCocaine & marijuana
  104. 104. SolicitingSoliciting Signed up other teensSigned up other teens

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