Equus caballushttp://www.oaksequine.com/EQUINE%20WELLNESS%202.asp
Current Issues• Equine slaughter ban  – Unintended consequences• Economy  – Starving, neglected horses• Limited laws: Pena...
Equine Welfare / Current Issues• Neglect / Starvation  – If >50% of BW lost, prognosis poor  – Abrupt re-feeding can  met...
Horse Teeth• Males always have canines, females rarely or small• Full mouth (adult teeth) at ~5 years old• Teeth erupt con...
Wave Mouthglaciervet.com/Dentistry%20Page.html
Dental Equipment       http://www.equinebladesdirect.com/product.aspx?subcatid=41http://www.cappsmanufacturing.com/store/s...
Recommended Dental Care• Annual veterinary exam if no problems• Float as needed – manual, power• ALWAYS recommend exam if ...
Rostral hookwww.equinemedcenter.com/.../default.asp?pid=58
Equine Dentistry:       What does the vet need?•   Manual floats•   Power float, extension cord, power source•   Sedation ...
Dental FloatsPhoto source: http://www.wunderground.com/blog/DataPilot/comment.html?entrynum=9 ;http://www.equinebladesdire...
Name the veterinary devicePhoto source: http://www.equinespecialties.net/speculum/capps-full-mouth-speculum/
Health ConcernsLegs and Bellies (Orthopedic & GI)• Colic• Injuries/ Lacerations• Lameness  – http://www.equipodiatry.com/p...
Gaits• Four natural gaits:  Walk - 4 beat       Trot – 2 beat   Canter – 3 beat Gallop – 4 beatComplete Book of the Horse ...
Recommended foot care• Adult hoof growth = ~3/8” (9mm) per month• Hooves need trimming every 6-8 weeks• Critical to have c...
Lameness• Front end lamenesshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2d_3087d0b8&featur   e=related• Hind end lamenesshttp://www.you...
Lameness:         What does the vet need?•   History, physical exam•   Hoof testers•   Hoof pick•   Hoof knife(s)•   Hoof ...
Lameness:       What does the vet need?• Portable x-ray machine & plates, distance  cassette holder, block(s), lead apron ...
Lameness:    What does the vet need?•Phenylbutazone “bute”•Flunixin (Banamine)•Penicillin / antibiotic
Hoof testersPhoto source: valleyvet.com
Hoof knifePhoto source: http://www.equinenow.com/store-item-26203
Hoof pickPhoto source: http://www.moonrakerqh.com/tack/grooming.html
Hoof nippersPhoto source: valleyvet.com
Portable radiograph machineVetxray.com                       Xrayprocessing.com
Portable radiograph machine        Equinepodiatry.com, dragonflyequine.com
Injury / Laceration:         What does the vet need?          www.oceanstateequine.com/equineemergencies.html• Sedation• L...
Injury / Laceration:            What does the vet need?             www.oceanstateequine.com/equineemergencies.html•   Nee...
Colic• Rolling, happy• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U78KnKiBo-4&NR=1Abdominal pain / discomfort• Rolling, colic•   http:...
Colic:      What does the vet need?•   History, physical exam•   Stethoscope•   Rectal thermometer•   Stomach tube•   Dren...
Colic:      What does the vet need?•   Mineral Oil – 1-2 gal•   Magnesium sulfate (magnalax)•   Psyllium•   Teat cannula o...
Colic:     What does the vet need?•   Banamine•   Buscopan•   Xylazine 100mg/ml•   Butorphanol•   Acepromazine
Contagious / Infectious Equine Dz•   Streptococcus equi equi•   Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis•   Equine Herpes Virus•...
Infectious Disease / Outbreak:   What does the vet need?•   Boots•   Boot brush•   Coveralls or Tyvek suit•   Bag for dirt...
Health Certificate (CVI)Certificate of Veterinary Inspection
Health Certificate:       What does the vet need?• Adequate time before shipment/transport!• Physical Examination with DVM...
Western Equine Encephalitis• Also Eastern, Venezuelan (WEE, EEE, VEE)www.lawestvector.org/WEE.htm
West Nile Viruswww.uwyo.edu/ces/entomology/mosquitoes.htm          Culex mosquito
Tetanushttp://cs.thehorse.com/blogs/working-with-morocco-horses/default.aspx?PageIndex=3http://www.equestrianoutreach.com/...
Rabieshttp://equinevetblog.blogspot.com/2010/03/rabies.htmlHorse with rabies. Image Credit: http://www.horsecity.com/image...
EHVhttp://www1.vetmed.lsu.edu/SVM/AboutSVM/News/2011/May/item29954.htmlhttp://www.ca.uky.edu/gluck/biblioehv1.asp
Strep. equi, „Strangles‟www.horsetrust.org.uk/.../www.equidblog.com/.../strangles/
Recommended Vaccinationshttp://www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/ceh/currenthealth.cfm• Rabies• 3-way (EWT) – EEE, WEE, Tetanus +/- V...
Wellness Clinic:   What does the vet need?• Vaccinations  – Rabies  – 3way (EWT)  – WNV  – Syringes (3ml), Needles (20g x ...
Wellness Clinic:   What does the vet need?• Sheath cleaning  – Handler to hold horse  – Handheld container for warm water ...
Center for Equine Health – UCDhttp://www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/ceh/CDFAhttp://www.cdfa.ca.gov/ahfss/Animal_Health/Horses_Equi...
Equine Terminologyhttp://www.equipodiatry.com/glossary.htmlAAEP glossaryhttp://www.aaep.org/glossary_terms.htm
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  • Equine Tooth Floats – manual and power
  • Oral speculum
  • Hoof Knife
  • Hoof pick
  • Lec 06 Equine

    1. 1. Equus caballushttp://www.oaksequine.com/EQUINE%20WELLNESS%202.asp
    2. 2. Current Issues• Equine slaughter ban – Unintended consequences• Economy – Starving, neglected horses• Limited laws: Penal Code – 597. Cruelty to Animals – 597.1 Animals in specified places w/o care or attention – 597f Abandoned or neglected animals; Duties of public authorities; Euthanasia
    3. 3. Equine Welfare / Current Issues• Neglect / Starvation – If >50% of BW lost, prognosis poor – Abrupt re-feeding can  metabolic problems, death (cardiac, respiratory, renal) • Starved body takes protein from muscles AND vital organs such as heart, GI • Usually 3-5 days following 1st meal
    4. 4. Horse Teeth• Males always have canines, females rarely or small• Full mouth (adult teeth) at ~5 years old• Teeth erupt continuously @ ~3mm/year• Adult teeth: – P1 @ 6m-1y (wolf tooth) – M1 @ 1y – M2 @ 2y – P2 @ 2.5y – I1 @ 2.5y – P3 @ 3y – I2 @ 3.5y – M3 @ 3.5-4y – P4 @ 4y – I3 @ 4.5y – Galvayne‟s Groove starts @ 9-10y & all the way down by 20y
    5. 5. Wave Mouthglaciervet.com/Dentistry%20Page.html
    6. 6. Dental Equipment http://www.equinebladesdirect.com/product.aspx?subcatid=41http://www.cappsmanufacturing.com/store/scripts/prodView.asp?idproduct=214
    7. 7. Recommended Dental Care• Annual veterinary exam if no problems• Float as needed – manual, power• ALWAYS recommend exam if horse is: – Losing weight – Dropping food – Dysphagia / difficulty eating – Swelling, mouth pain, foul odor – Handling / riding problems (teeth can affect bit)
    8. 8. Rostral hookwww.equinemedcenter.com/.../default.asp?pid=58
    9. 9. Equine Dentistry: What does the vet need?• Manual floats• Power float, extension cord, power source• Sedation – xylazine/dexmeditomidine, butorphanol• Oral speculum• Head stand• Bucket• Large oral dosing syringe• Chlorhexidine• Dental elevators (tooth removal)
    10. 10. Dental FloatsPhoto source: http://www.wunderground.com/blog/DataPilot/comment.html?entrynum=9 ;http://www.equinebladesdirect.com/product.aspx?newproduct=true
    11. 11. Name the veterinary devicePhoto source: http://www.equinespecialties.net/speculum/capps-full-mouth-speculum/
    12. 12. Health ConcernsLegs and Bellies (Orthopedic & GI)• Colic• Injuries/ Lacerations• Lameness – http://www.equipodiatry.com/podiatry.htmlTeeth and Eyes• Dentistry• Ocular infection or injury
    13. 13. Gaits• Four natural gaits: Walk - 4 beat Trot – 2 beat Canter – 3 beat Gallop – 4 beatComplete Book of the Horse p32
    14. 14. Recommended foot care• Adult hoof growth = ~3/8” (9mm) per month• Hooves need trimming every 6-8 weeks• Critical to have competent, honest farrier• If laminitis, poor conformation, may need therapeutic shoes
    15. 15. Lameness• Front end lamenesshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2d_3087d0b8&featur e=related• Hind end lamenesshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xsFdBTGdPyw&featu re=related
    16. 16. Lameness: What does the vet need?• History, physical exam• Hoof testers• Hoof pick• Hoof knife(s)• Hoof nippers• Location to trot horse & assistant
    17. 17. Lameness: What does the vet need?• Portable x-ray machine & plates, distance cassette holder, block(s), lead apron & gloves, metal wire & tape• Bupivicaine• 3ml syringes, 25g needles• Sterile gloves, scrub• Bandaging material Wikipedia image
    18. 18. Lameness: What does the vet need?•Phenylbutazone “bute”•Flunixin (Banamine)•Penicillin / antibiotic
    19. 19. Hoof testersPhoto source: valleyvet.com
    20. 20. Hoof knifePhoto source: http://www.equinenow.com/store-item-26203
    21. 21. Hoof pickPhoto source: http://www.moonrakerqh.com/tack/grooming.html
    22. 22. Hoof nippersPhoto source: valleyvet.com
    23. 23. Portable radiograph machineVetxray.com Xrayprocessing.com
    24. 24. Portable radiograph machine Equinepodiatry.com, dragonflyequine.com
    25. 25. Injury / Laceration: What does the vet need? www.oceanstateequine.com/equineemergencies.html• Sedation• Lidocaine 2%• Syringes/needles• Bucket• Scrub and solution – chlorhexidine / betadine• Gauze• Warm water
    26. 26. Injury / Laceration: What does the vet need? www.oceanstateequine.com/equineemergencies.html• Needle drivers• Needles – reverse cutting, sharp!• Metzenbaum scissors• Suture, often on a reel, a couple sizes is nice• Penicillin• Tetanus Vx• Tetanus antitoxin• SMZ-TMP• Banamine• Phenylbutazone
    27. 27. Colic• Rolling, happy• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U78KnKiBo-4&NR=1Abdominal pain / discomfort• Rolling, colic• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xNtE3vIvics&feature=related• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uqlBRbK8K9k&feature=related
    28. 28. Colic: What does the vet need?• History, physical exam• Stethoscope• Rectal thermometer• Stomach tube• Drench pump• Bucket• Warm water• OB sleeve, lube
    29. 29. Colic: What does the vet need?• Mineral Oil – 1-2 gal• Magnesium sulfate (magnalax)• Psyllium• Teat cannula or 18g x 1.5” needle• Lavender Top Tube (w/ EDTA)• Red Top Tube (no additives)• 14g x 5.5” IV catheter• IV fluid administration set• IV fluids (5L bags)
    30. 30. Colic: What does the vet need?• Banamine• Buscopan• Xylazine 100mg/ml• Butorphanol• Acepromazine
    31. 31. Contagious / Infectious Equine Dz• Streptococcus equi equi• Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis• Equine Herpes Virus• Vesicular Stomatitis (VS) – regulatory dz
    32. 32. Infectious Disease / Outbreak: What does the vet need?• Boots• Boot brush• Coveralls or Tyvek suit• Bag for dirty laundry• Disinfectant for shoes and hands• History, physical exam• Stethoscope• Rectal thermometer
    33. 33. Health Certificate (CVI)Certificate of Veterinary Inspection
    34. 34. Health Certificate: What does the vet need?• Adequate time before shipment/transport!• Physical Examination with DVM• Coggins / EIA test – Coggins form filled out – Syringe(3ml or 6ml), needle (20g x 1”) – Red Top Tube (serum)• Health Certificate – FILL IN AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE IN ADVANCE
    35. 35. Western Equine Encephalitis• Also Eastern, Venezuelan (WEE, EEE, VEE)www.lawestvector.org/WEE.htm
    36. 36. West Nile Viruswww.uwyo.edu/ces/entomology/mosquitoes.htm Culex mosquito
    37. 37. Tetanushttp://cs.thehorse.com/blogs/working-with-morocco-horses/default.aspx?PageIndex=3http://www.equestrianoutreach.com/Equestrian-Outreach-Disease-Illnesses-Equine-Tetanus-(Lock-Jaw)-Page.htmlhttp://anaerobicinfections.blogspot.com/p/anaerobes-have-been-involved-in.html
    38. 38. Rabieshttp://equinevetblog.blogspot.com/2010/03/rabies.htmlHorse with rabies. Image Credit: http://www.horsecity.com/images/111003/
    39. 39. EHVhttp://www1.vetmed.lsu.edu/SVM/AboutSVM/News/2011/May/item29954.htmlhttp://www.ca.uky.edu/gluck/biblioehv1.asp
    40. 40. Strep. equi, „Strangles‟www.horsetrust.org.uk/.../www.equidblog.com/.../strangles/
    41. 41. Recommended Vaccinationshttp://www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/ceh/currenthealth.cfm• Rabies• 3-way (EWT) – EEE, WEE, Tetanus +/- VEE• WNV (West Nile Virus)Depending on risk:• S.equi, InfluenzaPregnant mares:• EHV – vaccinate at 5, 7, & 9 months of gestation
    42. 42. Wellness Clinic: What does the vet need?• Vaccinations – Rabies – 3way (EWT) – WNV – Syringes (3ml), Needles (20g x 1”)• Dewormer – Ivermectin (Eqvalan w/ oral dosing syringe)
    43. 43. Wellness Clinic: What does the vet need?• Sheath cleaning – Handler to hold horse – Handheld container for warm water – Gauze or paper towels to clean – Sheath cleaner or dilute chlorhexidine +/- vegetable oil – +/- stocks – +/- sedation• Nasolacrimal duct flushing – Saline – Nasal catheter, syringe or curve-tip syringe
    44. 44. Center for Equine Health – UCDhttp://www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/ceh/CDFAhttp://www.cdfa.ca.gov/ahfss/Animal_Health/Horses_Equine_Health.htmlEquine Nutritionhttp://www.summit-equine.com/Resources.html
    45. 45. Equine Terminologyhttp://www.equipodiatry.com/glossary.htmlAAEP glossaryhttp://www.aaep.org/glossary_terms.htm

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