Clinical pictures & complication of meningitis By Amin Abusallamah
Clinical pictures of meningitis• The clinical pictures of meningitis are similar for both bacterial and viral forms of the disease. Children, adults and older children typically experience• Fever and chills• Headache• Vomiting
Cont…• Stiff neck (patient may not be able to curl up in bed)• Irritability and drowsiness• Eyes that are sensitive to light
Cont…• Delirium & confusion (uncommon)• Seizures (rare• Coma (rare)
in infants and young children• Whimpering and crying in a high- pitched tone• Difficulty in waking and very lethargic when awake• Having a high fever and cold hands and feet
Cont…• brain damage• Behavioral and personality changes• Vision loss (partial or total)• Cerebral palsy
Cont…• Hearing loss (partial or total)• Learning disabilities or mental retardation• Paralysis (partial or total)• Speech loss (partial or total)
Cont…• Severe bacterial meningitis also may cause the head and heels to bend backward and the body to bow forward (called opisthotonos), coma, and death.• Newborns and young children may develop heart, liver, intestinal problems, or malformed limbs.