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Clinical pictures & complication of meningitis


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Clinical pictures & complication of meningitis

  1. 1. Clinical pictures & complication of meningitis By Amin Abusallamah
  2. 2. Clinical pictures of meningitis• The clinical pictures of meningitis are similar for both bacterial and viral forms of the disease. Children, adults and older children typically experience• Fever and chills• Headache• Vomiting
  3. 3. Cont…• Stiff neck (patient may not be able to curl up in bed)• Irritability and drowsiness• Eyes that are sensitive to light
  4. 4. Cont…• Delirium & confusion (uncommon)• Seizures (rare• Coma (rare)
  5. 5. in infants and young children• Whimpering and crying in a high- pitched tone• Difficulty in waking and very lethargic when awake• Having a high fever and cold hands and feet
  6. 6. Cont…• Refusing food• Vomiting• Appearing pale
  7. 7. Complications Of Meningitis• Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC; blood-clotting disorder)• Encephalitis• Persistent fever• Seizures
  8. 8. Cont…• brain damage• Behavioral and personality changes• Vision loss (partial or total)• Cerebral palsy
  9. 9. Cont…• Hearing loss (partial or total)• Learning disabilities or mental retardation• Paralysis (partial or total)• Speech loss (partial or total)
  10. 10. Cont…• Severe bacterial meningitis also may cause the head and heels to bend backward and the body to bow forward (called opisthotonos), coma, and death.• Newborns and young children may develop heart, liver, intestinal problems, or malformed limbs.
  11. 11. Thank you