601 Session 11-12-Geographic Sources

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LIS 601 Introduction to reference and Information Services
Fall 2011
Dr. Diane Nahl
University of Hawaii
Library and information Science Program

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601 Session 11-12-Geographic Sources

  1. 1. LIS 601Geographic Sources Fall 2011 Dr. Diane Nahl University of HawaiiLibrary and information Science Program
  2. 2. Geographic Sources • Geographic Literacy • Geography games • Oldest written form of communication [6200 BC wall painting, 2500 BC tablet, 15th century ms.] • Most expensive rare books sold in 2006 [Ptolemy: Cosmographia 1477, Geographia 1490, $4.4m]Nahl LIS 601 2011 2
  3. 3. Geographic Sources • Most expensive rare books sold in 2007: #5. David Roberts, The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia. • First quarto edition from 1855-56 of one of the greatest lithographic works ever printed. Roberts was the first Westerner to be granted permission to enter many sacred mosques and monuments in the Middle East. There are detailed drawings, six pictorial title pages, and two engraved maps. Roberts spent 11 months in 1838 to 1839, traveling and sketching throughout the area. Six volumes sold for $13,000 (Abe Books)Nahl LIS 601 2011 3
  4. 4. Geographic Sources • Most expensive rare books sold in 2009: #1. Gerardus Mercator’s “Atlas” • A cartographer from France, Mercator was responsible for the first book to be called an “atlas” published in 1595. Mercator was also famous for the Mercator projection method of depicting the spherical nature of the earth on a flat map, a technique that is still used today. Sold at auction for $781,00(Sotheby’s).Nahl LIS 601 2011 4
  5. 5. Geographic Sources • Most expensive rare books sold in 2010: # 6. Ottoman Atlas • Published in 1860s, this atlas contains 31 hand- colored maps prepared and printed in the Muhendishane I Berri Humayun (the Royal School of Military Engineering in Istanbul). Sold for $19,500 (Abe Books).Nahl LIS 601 2011 5
  6. 6. Largest AtlasNahl LIS 601 2011 6
  7. 7. Geographic Sources • Largest book in the world • Kiencke Atlas (world) • 5’ tall x 6’ wide • 350 years old • 37 maps, beautifully drawn • Given to King Charles II by Dutch merchants • Summer 2010 was on display with pages open at the British Library at the maps exhibitionNahl LIS 601 2011 7
  8. 8. Geographic Information Needs: Location Questions • Current events • Recreation • Business • Historical geography • Genealogy • Military history • Place name changesNahl LIS 601 2011 8
  9. 9. Types of Map Sources • Encyclopedias, Handbooks, • Weather Maps Almanacs & Yearbooks • Electronic Maps, GPS, • Local or Regional Atlas Geographic Browsers • World Atlas • Satellite Image Maps • Google Earth Projects • Student Atlas • Tree & Planetary Maps • Commercial Atlas • Travel Guides • Historical Atlas • Globes • Thematic Atlas • Gazetteer & Geographic • National Atlas Dictionary • Show Atlas • Name StandardsNahl LIS 601 2011 9
  10. 10. Nahl LIS 601 2011 10
  11. 11. Solid Geographic Features • Cities & Towns • Historical sites • Roads, Railroads • Cultural places • Topography/relief • Lighthouses • Rivers, Streams & Lakes • Airports • Oceans & Seas • Tunnels • Swamps & Wetlands • Post Offices • Mountains & Forests • Banks • Parks • Etc.Nahl LIS 601 2011 11
  12. 12. Social Geographic Features • Political boundaries • Industry • Historical boundaries • Demographics • Commodities • Language • Transportation • Ethnicity • Population • Religion • Commerce • Etc.Nahl LIS 601 2011 12
  13. 13. Other Mapped Features • Climate & Weather • Wildlife populations & migration • Environment • Oil, gas & water • Risk assessment resources • Farm types • Energy types • Etc.Nahl LIS 601 2011 13
  14. 14. Respected Map Publishers • Rand McNally • George Philip & Sons • C. S. Hammond • Michelin • National Geographic Society • Kummerly & Frey • John G. Bartholomew • U.S. Geoglogical Survey (U.S.G.S) • Oxford University PressNahl LIS 601 2011 14
  15. 15. Evaluating Geographic Sources • Currency • Symbols • Accuracy • Density • Authority • Font style & size • Emphasis • Marginalia • Bias • Legend • Scale • Index • Projection • Binding • Color • Price Nahl LIS 601 2011 15
  16. 16. Due Next Week • Guest Speaker, Gwen Sinclair, Government Documents Librarian • TEXT CHAPTER 12 • Reference Interactions Assignment pp. 7-10 • Search Exercises 6 Ready Reference & 7 BiographyNahl LIS 601 2011 16

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