Diabetes mellitus


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Diabetes mellitus

  1. 1. Diabetes MellitusWhat’s the Deal?
  2. 2. History Of Diabetes has been known for so long earning its name from the Greeks. Because one of its characteristics; frequent urinating, it was called Diabetes meaning “Siphon.” In the seventeenth century the name mellitus was added meaning, “sweet.”
  3. 3. Sources Medical and Health Encyclopedia Richard J. Wagman, M.D., F.A.C.P. http://diabetes.webmd.com/types-of-diabetes- mellitus?page=2 (©2005-2012 WebMD, LLC) http://www.livestrong.com/article/181972-characteristics- of-diabetes/ (Jul 22, 2010) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11953758 (2002 Apr;23(4):373-8.) Faculty of Medicine, University of Bahr Elghazal
  4. 4. Characteristics The Overall problem in Diabetes, is the body’s inability to process Glucose otherwise known as a form of sugar. This is needed because it is used to create body cell energy. All forms of diabetes increase the risk of long-term complications. These typically develop after many years (10–20), but may be the first symptom in those who have otherwise not received a diagnosis before that time. The major long-term complications relate to damage to blood vessels. Diabetes doubles the risk of cardiovascular disease. The main "macrovascular" diseases are ischemic heart disease which consists of angina and myocardial infarction, stroke and peripheral vascular disease.
  5. 5. Types of Diabetes Mellitus Type I diabetes, sometimes called juvenile diabetes, begins most commonly in childhood or adolescence. In this form of diabetes, the body produces little or no insulin. Type II is considered a milder form of diabetes because of its slow onset (sometimes developing over the course of several years) and because it usually can be controlled with diet and oral medication.
  6. 6. “Causes” and Symptoms Of Diabetes Mellitus People commonly state to others, “I don’t think you should consume that much sugar, wouldn’t want you to catch diabetes.” This is an incorrect statement. Eating sweets or the wrong kind of food does not cause diabetes. However, it may cause obesity and this is associated with people developing Type 2 diabetes. There really is no clear cause of Diabetes. However, studies showed that there seems to be both hereditary which is genetic factors passed on in families and environmental factors involved
  7. 7. Treatment Treatment for type 1 diabetes involves taking insulin, which needs to be injected through the skin into the fatty tissue below. The methods of injecting insulin include: Syringes Insulin pens that use pre-filled cartridges and a fine needle Jet injectors that use high pressure air to send a spray of insulin through the skin Insulin pumps that dispense insulin through flexible tubing to a catheter under the skin of the abdomen Type 2 diabetes can be controlled with weight management, nutrition, and exercise. Type 2 diabetes tends to progress, and diabetes medications are often needed.
  8. 8. Conclusion Diabetes, with proper monitoring can be no problem at all. I myself am familiar with it because of my Dad. Life really has not changed for him other than the fact that he has a routine before meals and he has to make sure he receives proper attention with the smallest symptom. Once people learn to care themselves, it will no longer be an issue in their lives.