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Models, Technological Resources and Knowledge Management


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To offer effective e-learning it is important to get the model right, but this is difficult. I suggest that the internet itself is the model we need to use. This suggests a set of open learning resources that extends beyond content and even conversation but also activities and interactions.

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Models, Technological Resources and Knowledge Management

  1. 1. Models, Technological Resources and Knowledge Management Stephen Downes June 21, 2012
  2. 2. First, Some Context We also believe that higher education is on the brink of a transformation now that online delivery has been legitimized by some of the elite institutions. - Rector Helen Dragas on the forced resignation of UVa president
  3. 3. Mobile is Here The use of mobile technologies is disrupting existing models. For example: your mobile device is now your library. Vendors sell directly to iPad or Kinnect. In the same way, they sell music, and courses.Juan Lucca, Blackboard
  4. 4. Online Learning is HereCanada: just under one million online courseregistrations equivalent to about 100,000 FTEs
  5. 5. Programs Have Been Developed“This isn’t something thatjust happened… it is theresult of a plan started anumber of years ago.”Eduardo Jaen, AIGPanama
  6. 6. Getting on the Change BusAcademics are not driving the change bus.Leadership in traditionaluniversities has beengrossly negligent inpreparing the academy forthe economic andtechnological reality itnow faces. -- George Siemens
  7. 7. Models
  8. 8. The Internet is a ModelIf you take the idealiterally, the wholeinternet is a model ofthe world. Or a model ofwhat we think about theworld (if there is anydifference between thetwo).
  9. 9. The Whole Internet But you have to take it literally. It’s the whole internet that is the model, not some privileged subset of it, such as the erstwhile semantic web.
  10. 10. Models Are HardJust ask Google. It has triedagain and again with thesocial web – firstOrkut, then GoogleWave, now Google+ --None of them are stoppingthe slow erosion fromsearch to social
  11. 11. Real Life Wheres the e- learning? In the video, of course, and the intended audience is the wider community.
  12. 12. The Flipped ClassroomThe school mustrepresent presentlife—life as real andvital to the child asthat which hecarries on in thehome, in theneighborhood, oron the playground.” John Dewey
  13. 13. MOOCMassiveOpenOnlineCourse
  14. 14. The Blackboard MOOC? “I was thinking to myself that there are more people in this one class than I have likely taught 23 years of teaching in higher education…. IfCurt Bonk teaching is a calling, than a MOOC may be the ultimate such calling—at least today.” nabridged-interview-on-mooc-for.html
  15. 15. The MOOC ‘Model’ Massive for massive’s sake is a red flag. In ds106 we scale fractally not arithmetically – Alan Levine acity-pearson-moocs-and-the-rest/#comment- 4340
  16. 16. Learning EcologiesA set of contexts madeup of configurations ofactivities, materials, resources and relationsgenerated in physical orvirtual spaces, whichprovide opportunitiesfor learning.-- Barron, 2004 Albert Sangra, UO Catalunya
  17. 17. Technological Resources
  18. 18. Why Digital Editions? As we progress from printed texts to eBooks to online courses, the types of content will become indistinguishable And they will be very affordableRafael Rangel Sostmann
  19. 19. As We Speak… “Is the textbook dead? The model of selling learning materials for profit is quickly becoming obsolete in today’s online world.” on-and-information/resources/news-and-in- focus-articles/all- news/news/world_open_education_resources _congress/
  20. 20. Online Resources Will Be OpenOnline contents – and thisalso includes software, to alarge degree – will be open.Even our friends fromBlackboard haveacknowledged this, with theirpurchase of assets likeMoodleRooms.
  21. 21. The OER Iceberg • those above the water- line, visible, above board, properly licensed • or those below the water line – where/14/open-educational-resources-and- licensing is not sopedagogy/ important.
  22. 22. The Open Protocol “With open graph, your app becomes a part of the user’s identity and social graph. Through a single API, you can deeply integrate into the key points of distribution on Facebook: timeline, app views, news feed, and ticker.” ph/#types
  23. 23. Capturing the ProcessIve alwaysfelt, first, thatwhether or not torecord ones workshould remain apersonal choice, butsecond, that should doso.
  24. 24. Knowledge Management
  25. 25. Real LifeHer school has decided that it will no longerallow its food to be photographed
  26. 26. Why Knowledge Management Doesn’t Work The same principle the transistor works on – a very small energy can leverage a very large energy
  27. 27. MurmurationWhat this looks likewhen you have morethan one domino. Youcan no more ‘manage’knowledge than youcan ‘lead’ a flock ofbirds sgs&feature=related
  28. 28. Education vs CatastropheA commonobjective – aneducational systemattainable to all toavoid catastropheBut (cf Ostrom) wecan’t manage ourway forward William H. Graves
  29. 29. Collaboration: This is OldA model based on a closed ecosystem andproprietary interface - no data in, no data out
  30. 30. Cooperation: The NewCooperation is alsonecessary, but it’smuch lesscontrollable thanourinstitutions, hierarchies and HRpractices would liketo admit.Harold Jarche cooperation-trumps-collaboration/
  31. 31. Valve An organization with no managers, with self-organizing groups, and a workforce that decides for itself what it will do
  32. 32. Analytics are not LocalKnowledge management hasbeen replaced with ‘analytics’ –but what sort of analytics?“Twitter is the main way ourposts are being shared.Linkedin comes in second withDelicious and Google+(following).”An Educational PositioningSystem? (Graves)
  33. 33. The Course WebDowness law ofMOOCS: if it isnt acourse web, it isnta MOOC learning-glue/
  34. 34. Our Next Course What is role of the academy in increasing national economic competitiveness while preserving the “vital combat for lucidity” that defines an open democratic society?
  35. 35. Thanks @verarex Downes