2 Opportunities And Impressions

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Opportunities and Impressions of Open Round Colombia 2010 is an overview of the open licensing round to be held in Colombia in 2010. This presentation was presented in Houston, Texas on February 9th, 2010 as part of the road show for the open bid round This is a detailed overview of the requirements and opportunities of the blocks that are being put up for bid. If you have any questions please do not hesitate to contact me directly. We also have copies of the technical geologic analysis for every area being offered. doug.green@translation-source.com.

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  • Area of Eastern Cordillera,, Eastern LLanos and Putamayo basins is 407,673 km 2 with a total of 2026 wells = 1 well/201 km2. This compares to the Western Canadian Basin well density 1 well per 2.5 km2
  • Uraba Basin:  incomplete data, but looks like 7 wells drilled 1960-1982Tumaco Basin:  5 wells drilled 1956-1981, deepest was 13, 107 ft.Choco Basin:  5 wells drilled 1954-1983,  deepest appears to be 15,500 in 1954.These basins are really due a new look with new data and technology - given proven petroleum systemsCauca Patia:  Well drilled in 1965, then two wells in 1997 by Trinity Gas - could not open and/or find complete data.  Oil seep, oil associated will coals,  833 ft3/ton from coals!  Reservoir and structure.  This basin also looks very interesing.   Steve - Analog???Describe country from the Foreland to Cordillera to Forearc basins.
  • Late Cenomanian-Turonian paleogeography of NW South America showing in purple and blue the belt of organic-rich continental shelf (La Luna) and slope (Cansonna) shale deposited as the oceanic Caribbean plate is docking against western Colombia and Ecuador in the Late Cretaceous. From Villamil (2003).
  • Reservoir is not the problem in Colombia
  • Villamil, T., 2003, Regional hydrocarbon systems of Colombia and westernVenezuela: Their origin, potential, and exploration, in C. Bartolini,R. T. Buffler, and J. Blickwede, eds., The Circum-Gulf of Mexico and theCaribbean: Hydrocarbon habitats, basin formation, and plate tectonics:AAPG Memoir 79, p. 697– 734.
  • Across the mature basins of Colombia 3D seismic surveys are transforming both exploration and field development: Increasing drilling success through better imaging deep anticline drilling targets in the Llanos and Catatumbo foothills belts, and the crests of subtle fault and flower-structure traps in the Llanos basin. Delineating paleochannels and other potential stratigraphic traps in the eastern Llanos basin. Guiding mature field in-fill drilling programs in the Llanos basin. Identifying subthrust prospects in the Upper and Middle Magdalena basins.
  • Satellite imagery that can see through the perpetual cloud cover and dense forests of western Colombia to help map surface geology and plan field operations.Advanced aerial geophysical and geochemical survey methods suitable for rapid screening of remote or inaccessible terranes.Improving seismic field acquisition techniques, such as wireless recording, that make surveys in remote, dense forests feasible.
  • Prof. Carlos Vargas will speak about the resource potential of the Colombian basins.
  • 2 Opportunities And Impressions

    1. 1. for hydrocarbons<br />
    2. 2. Contents<br />Colombia<br />Industry background<br />Open Round Colombia 2010<br />Legal aspects and Contracts<br />Communities and environmental priorities<br />Technical aspects<br /><ul><li>Introduction
    3. 3. General vision of the hydrocarbons potential in Colombia
    4. 4. Technical aspects of the areas on offer</li></li></ul><li>Opportunities and Impressions<br />G. Warfield Hobbs, MSc., PG<br />Managing Partner, Ammonite Resources<br />Robert K. Merrill, PhD, PG, PGeol<br />Senior Exploration Advisor, Ammonite Resources<br />Steven Schamel, PhD, PG<br />Senior Consultant, Ammonite Resources<br />
    5. 5. Colombia<br />= Diverse<br />Geology<br />= Something<br />For All<br />Explorers!<br />
    6. 6. Area Comparison<br />Texas is about 60% of the size of Colombia<br />Colombia<br />1,141,748 Km2<br />Texas<br />696,241 Km2<br />
    7. 7. Area Comparison<br />Alberta is about 60% of the size of Colombia<br />Colombia<br />1,141,748 Km2<br />Alberta<br />661,848 Km2<br />
    8. 8. Basins of Colombia<br />Colombia is blessed with a large number of proven and highly potential oil and gas basins:<br />Mature and emerging pericratonic and intermountain basins in the east and center of Colombia.<br />Emerging and frontier coastal and offshore basins in the west and north of Colombia.<br />
    9. 9. Pericratonic Basins<br />Llanos Oriental<br />Putumayo – Caguán<br />
    10. 10. Cordillera and Inter-Cordillera Basins<br />Catatumbo<br />Middle Magdalena Valley<br />Cordillera Oriental<br />Upper Magdalena Valley<br />
    11. 11. Emerging & Frontier Basins<br />Forearc Basins<br />And <br />Delta Complexes<br />Significant Opportunities<br />For <br />Bold Explorers!<br />
    12. 12. Opportunity<br />Western Sedimentary Basin of Canada<br />Approx. 525,000 wells<br />1 well / 2.5 km2<br />Eastern Cordillera-Llanos-Putumayo<br />2,026 wells<br />1 well / 200 km2<br />Colombia has room to explore!<br />
    13. 13. Colombia has World-Class Source Rock!<br /><ul><li> Mid-Cretaceous La Luna / Cansona – A rich, regional hydrocarbon source rock
    14. 14. Tertiary carbonaceous shale and coals</li></ul>In the shallower basins, these rocks are known to generate commercial quantities of biogenic methane.<br />From Villamil, 2003, AAPG<br />Late Cenomanian-Turonian paleogeography of NW South America. La Luna / Cansona deposition in purple and blue.<br />
    15. 15. Colombia has Reservoirs!<br />Colorado Fm<br />Mugrosa Fm<br />Esmeralda Fm<br />La Paz Fm<br />Sandstones<br />Porosity: 15 – 20%<br />Permeability: 20 – 600 md<br />La Luna Fm<br />Tablazo Fm<br />Rosablanca Fm<br />Fractured Limestone<br />Middle Magdalena Basin Reservoirs<br />
    16. 16. You Want Structure? Colombia Has it!<br />From: Villamil, 2003, AAPG<br />
    17. 17. Colombia Has World Class Structure!<br />Middle Magdalena Valley<br />Catatumbo<br />
    18. 18. Colombia Has World Class Structure!<br />Trap styles within Llanos Basin<br />Antithetic normal faults<br />Inversion structures<br />Anticlines over inversion faults<br />Stratigraphic traps<br />Fault-propagation folds<br />Potential Paleozoic structures<br />
    19. 19. A Range of Crude Oils<br />
    20. 20. 3D Seismic is Transforming Colombia!<br />Mirador Fm. Structure at Corcel Field<br /><ul><li>Better imaging has led to high success rates
    21. 21. Delineating stratigraphic traps
    22. 22. Optimizing mature field in-fill drilling programs
    23. 23. Imaging subthrust prospects in the Upper and Middle Magdalena basins.</li></ul>From: Petrominerales, 2009<br />
    24. 24. Technology is Opening the Frontier Basins<br />Satellite image of the heavily forested southern Chocó Basin<br />For Example:<br /><ul><li>Satellite Imagery
    25. 25. Seismic field acquisition
    26. 26. Geochemical Survey methods
    27. 27. High resolution gravity and magnetics
    28. 28. Slim-hole stratigraphic tests</li></li></ul><li>&gt;40% Wildcat Success - 2008<br />
    29. 29. Colombian Mature Basins<br />Area of Mature Basins<br />
    30. 30. Frontier Basin Tectonic Setting<br />Atrato Sub-basin<br />San Juan Sub-basin<br />Urabá Basin<br />Tumaco Basin<br />1<br />4<br />2<br />3<br />ChocóBasin<br />Multiple Oil and Gas seeps<br />Good stratigraphic control<br />Large structures<br />No drilling since 1983!<br />4<br />After: Cediel, et al., 2003<br />
    31. 31. Forearc Basins Are Very Productive!<br />Sacramento Forearc Basin, California<br />The Sinu-San Jacinto, Cauca-Patia, Choco and Tumaco are all forearc basins or successor basins in forearc settings.<br /><ul><li>Deep sediment-filled trough containing sandstone reservoirs.
    32. 32. Sacramento Basin in Northern California is an excellent analog, which has produced about 10Tcf of gas with minor condensate and oil.
    33. 33. The Sacramento and Chocó basins have similar depths.
    34. 34. Active petroleum system indicated by oil and gas seeps.</li></ul>Gas pools are shown in red.<br />USGS FS 2007-3014<br />Chocó Forearc Basin<br />
    35. 35. Deltas are Prime Exploration Targets!<br />The offshore Sinú, southern Chocó, and Tumaco basins are large Tertiary delta complexes.<br />About 15% of known giant oil & gas fields are found in delta provinces. <br />A close analog is:<br />Barum/Brunei Delta - Traps generated by complex interaction of gravity-driven tectonics and transpressive or compressive basement tectonics<br />
    36. 36. The Opportunity<br />Colombian Coastal Fore-Arc Basins<br />Drilled 1956-1983<br />Prior drilling has demonstrated <br />active petroleum systems.<br />ANH shooting new seismic and drilling<br />Deep stratigraphic wells<br />New Data + New Technologies + New Licenses<br />= New Discoveries!<br />
    37. 37. Emerging Basin Opportunities<br />Discoveries in the Lower Magdalena Valley<br />Abundant oil and gas seeps in the San Jacinto – Sinú Basin<br />These basins have seen very little Exploration!<br />
    38. 38. Frontier Basins<br />Cauca-Patia Basin<br />A northeast trending, 440 km intermountain depression separating the Cordillera Central and Cordillera Occidental.<br />Gas and oil prone coals<br /><ul><li>Gas shows in wells in the Cali area (red circle)
    39. 39. Cali is a good gas market for any discoveries in the basin.
    40. 40. Surface oil seeps in the Patía sub-basin (green circle).
    41. 41. Only 5 wells drilled in Basin</li></li></ul><li>Rank Frontier Basins<br />Los Cayos Basin<br />Numerous structures<br />Potentially mature<br />Source rocks<br />Carbonate reservoirs<br />
    42. 42. The “Golden Triangle”<br />Caño Limón<br /> 1.3 Billion BO<br />Cusiana-Cupiagua<br /> 1.3 Billion BO<br />Rubiales<br /> 344 Million BO<br />E. Cordillera + Llanos<br />+ Putumayo =2,026<br />Total Wells Drilled<br />( 1 well/201 km2)<br />Giants yet to be<br />Discovered?<br />
    43. 43. Colombia has Data!<br />Deep stratigraphic wells planned for Frontier basins<br />ANH has an excellent geological and geophysical database that is user friendly.<br />
    44. 44. Mature Basins<br />Basin Statistics as of July 2009<br />
    45. 45. Emerging and Frontier BasinsStatistics<br />Emerging Basins<br />Frontier Basins<br />Basin Statistics as of July 2009<br />
    46. 46. Future Potential<br />New Ideas + New Technologies<br />+ New Licenses <br />= <br />Significant new discoveries<br />
    47. 47. Reserves and Potential<br />Potential Resources<br />Reserves<br />~2.3 (1)<br />~35 - 82 (2)<br />~5.6<br />~2.5<br />Billion BOE (P50)<br />Proven<br />Probable<br />Possible<br />Last updated on April 30th 2009 by the operators<br />Compiled sources: IHS, UIS, ZIFF Energy, EAFIT, Universidad Nacional, Halliburton<br />
    48. 48. Colombia:<br />A GREAT PLACE TO INVEST IN PETROLEUM EXPLORATION & DEVELOPMENT<br /><ul><li> Diverse geology and play opportunities
    49. 49. Small to giant field discovery potential
    50. 50. Light to heavy oil, and natural gas
    51. 51. Onshore and offshore opportunities
    52. 52. Well-established oil services industry
    53. 53. Production infrastructure
    54. 54. Atlantic and Pacific export markets</li></ul> Opportunities for the small <br /> independent to the major <br /> international oil companies<br />
    55. 55. Colombia:<br />Opportunities for the small independentto the major, international oil companies<br /><ul><li>A good business environment.
    56. 56. Favorable contract terms under a new institutional framework.
    57. 57. Competitive licensing rounds.
    58. 58. Educated workforce.
    59. 59. Access to growing domestic and international markets for oil and gas</li></ul>Security has returned to Colombia! <br />
    60. 60. ¿ Why Colombia ?<br />Ammonite Resources believes Colombia has excellent exploration opportunities on a global scale in mature, emerging and frontier basins. <br /> We urge you to talk with ANH<br />About the 2010 Round!<br />
    61. 61. Geologists, Geophysicists and Engineers<br />Energy and Mineral Advisors Since 1982<br />Advisors to ANH for the 2010 Licensing Round<br />G. Warfield Hobbs, MSC., PG. – Ex-Texaco, Amerada Hess<br />Robert K. Merrill, PhD., PG, Ex- Cities Service, Unocal<br />Steven Schamel, PhD., PG, Ex- ESRI (U of South Carolina)<br />Each consultant has more than 35 years international E&P experience, including experience in Colombia<br />www.ammoniteresources.com<br />
    62. 62. Thanks, See you in Colombia!<br />www.anh.gov.co<br />

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