Sam Dunlap Design Process 1


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Sam details his interpretation of Dave Jacke's design process and shows a s few photos of what a PC garden can turn out to be in a just a few short months

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Sam Dunlap Design Process 1

  1. 1.
  2. 2.
  3. 3. A Design science<br />
  4. 4. Goals Articulation<br />Defining the realm of possibilities for our site<br />Brainstorm. Get it down, then get it good.<br />Qualities, things, problems, likes<br />Crops, elements, animals, functions<br />Functional analysis: what are their needs, outputs, preferences, tolerances, etc.<br />Why do we want these things?<br />What is the inspiration for the design?<br />
  5. 5. Goals Articulation<br />Use Ethics and Principles to guide you<br />Client interview<br />Functional analysis<br />What does the land need?<br />
  6. 6. Results<br />Goals Articulation Summary. Outline form. (2-5 pages)<br />Goals Statement. Approximately 3 sentences that answers the question, “why?”.<br />It’s your mission statement<br />List of questions to guide your analysis and assessment (Goals guide the A&A)<br />Given these goals, what do I need to know about the site to achieve them?<br />Organized by the scale of permanence<br />
  7. 7. Make your base map<br />
  8. 8. Analysis & Assessment<br />Connects the goals to the site<br />Analysis = what? (observations)<br />Assessment = so what? (interpretations)<br />
  9. 9. Analysis & Assessment<br />Undirected observation<br />Thematic observations guided by the Scale of Permanence<br />So, what is the scale of permanence?<br />
  10. 10. Scale of Permanence<br />Climate<br />Landform<br />Water<br />Legal Issues<br />Access & Circulation<br />Vegetation & Wildlife<br />Microclimates<br />Buildings & Infrastructure<br />Zones of Use<br />Soil<br />Aesthetics<br />
  11. 11. A&A<br />Overlay for each aspect of the SOP<br />• observations<br /><ul><li>Interpretations</li></ul>Tools that we might use??<br />Pick the 3-5 most important observations & interpretations from each overlay<br />
  12. 12. Results<br />A&A Summary<br /> -combination of the most important or influential observations and interpretations from all aspects of the SOP <br /> -summarizes the current reality on the site and its implications for design in relation to the goals<br /> -lays foundation for decisions in design phase<br />A&A discovers the design<br />
  13. 13. Design Phase<br />Integration: integrate our imagination of what could be with our knowledge of what is (ie- goals and A&A)<br />
  14. 14. Design Concept<br />3 sentence statement that integrates the site, goals & inhabitants<br />Answers the question, “how?”<br />Accompanied by simple sketch<br />Offers guidance for schematic & detailed design<br />
  15. 15. Schematic Design<br />Patterns & Relationships<br />Function, purpose, elements, and the relationships that exist between them<br />Rough size, shape, location<br />Fat marker, big movements<br />
  16. 16. Results<br />A chosen schematic design<br />Simple bubble diagrams with writing to describe the rough pattern, size, shape, location, & function<br />Rough budget<br />List of habitat-defining species & elements<br />
  17. 17. Detailed Design<br />Refined schematic<br />As accurate as possible<br />Finer pencils/markers, smaller motions<br />Determine exact size, shape, location<br />Clearly define each “patch” and the site prep needed<br />
  18. 18. Results<br />Design criteria for each patch, including primary and secondary purposes<br />Accurate drawing<br />Refined cost estimates<br />Species master list<br />
  19. 19. Patch Design<br />Zoom in on each “patch” and design it in detail<br />Decide what goes where, exactly<br />
  20. 20. Results<br />Know what goes where<br />Detailed drawings of each “patch”<br />Plan for site prep, establishment and construction of each “patch”<br />Final budget estimates<br />
  21. 21. Implementation<br />Make it happen!!<br />Planting, building<br />And, oh yeah, maintaining!!<br />
  22. 22. Evaluation<br />Does your design meet the goals that you laid out?<br />What have you learned?<br />How can you refine your goals based on what you have learned?<br />… and here we go again<br />
  23. 23. Sam’s PlacePleasant plain, ohio 2009-<br />
  24. 24.
  25. 25.
  26. 26. Goals<br />The site exists as a private, partially wooded oasis, protected from wind, passersby and air- and water-borne agricultural chemicals.<br />Water infiltration increases over time.<br />Water is filtered as it moves through the site.<br />The design pays tribute to the site’s history as a marsh/wetland.<br />Soils increase in fertility and organic matter over time.<br />A mix of annual and perennial crops provides foods throughout the year.<br />Plantings reduce the area of lawn, and thus, lawn maintenance.<br />A diverse mix of plants attracts pollinators and other beneficial wildlife.<br />The site offers space for education and learning<br />Disease-resistant varieties reduce the need for maintenance.<br />
  27. 27. Analysis & Assessment<br />Climate, plant hardiness zones, etc.<br /><ul><li>which plants will survive</li></ul>Land is relatively flat<br /><ul><li>increase vertical dimension through planting in diverse layers</li></ul>Low spots with frequently waterlogged soils<br /><ul><li>enhance in some places
  28. 28. build up the soil
  29. 29. Increase water infiltration
  30. 30. Deep-rooted plants</li></ul>Place where snow is piled when plowed<br /><ul><li>don’t plant woodies
  31. 31. herbaceous plants</li></li></ul><li>Analysis & Assessment<br />Farm equipment access<br /><ul><li>Maintain</li></ul>Primary wind directions<br /><ul><li>plant trees as windbreak</li></ul>Septic leach field<br /><ul><li>don’t plant trees or perennials here</li></ul>Buried cables and telephone lines<br />Hardpan soils. Clay. Restrictive layer. Anaerobic. But fertile, with decent soil life.<br /><ul><li>feed the worms
  32. 32. Add lots of organic matter
  33. 33. Deep-rooted plants</li></ul>Lots of road frontage<br /><ul><li>block it to create more privacy</li></li></ul><li>A&A<br />Sun sector<br />Ag chemical sector (everywhere!)<br />