Pc Design So W & Principles


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Permaculture Design Introduction with Background, State of the World, and Principles of Ecological, Energy Efficient Design of human settlements and organic agriculture

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  • Forest from outside
  • Stats
  • After this …..chicken….zones/sectors……bring design aspect of Ppc more in focus
  • Pc Design So W & Principles

    1. 1. Permaculture Design
    2. 2. What is Permaculture? <ul><li>Permanent </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul>Permanent Culture &quot; Though the problems of the world are increasingly complex, the solutions remain embarrassingly simple. By Bill Mollison
    3. 3. TECHNICAL ESSENCE <ul><li>Permaculture is the harmonious </li></ul><ul><li>integration of all life kingdoms into </li></ul><ul><li>agriculturally productive ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>and socially just environments with </li></ul><ul><li>sound economic consequences. It’s a </li></ul><ul><li>design science that seeks to build </li></ul><ul><li>interconnections allowing for energy </li></ul><ul><li>efficiency and conservation that </li></ul><ul><li>produces a regenerative culture. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Bill Mollison and David Holmgren 1978 Landmark publication Permaculture One begins movement
    5. 5. Bill’s Inspirations
    6. 6. Huge Monocultures No Diversity- Globalization
    7. 7. FOREST
    8. 8. FIELD
    9. 9. PLOW
    10. 10. DESERT
    11. 11. Which way will we go??
    12. 12. Design Science “ A beneficial assembly of components in their proper relationships”
    13. 15. In commerce
    14. 17. Permaculture Principles
    15. 18. Relative Location- Making Interrelationships
    16. 19. Multiple Functions for Every Element Mulberry Tree: Shade Forage Food Nutrient absorber Protection Soil Builder Entertainment
    17. 20. Multiple Elements for Every Function ( slow and sink water) Rain Garden Rain Cisterns
    18. 21. SWALES Swales are water harvesting ditches and mounds on contour .
    19. 22. Chinampas: Reconstructed Wetlands Ditch and Mound Increase land increase water Increase productivity
    20. 23. Contour Hedgerow
    21. 24. DAMS GABIONS
    22. 25. Keyline Design
    23. 26. GreyWater
    24. 27. Energy Efficient Planning
    25. 28. zones Zone- Placing Elements in our Design based on Intensity of Use
    26. 29. Sector Analysis - Mapping wild, oncoming energies Wind (Summer and Winter) Sun (Summer and Winter) Noise Pollution View Wildlife Fire
    27. 30. Nitrogen Fixing Plants
    28. 31. Use of Biological Resources Chicken Tractor Weeding Fertilizing Tilling
    29. 32. <ul><li>Dill- Umbelliferous Family </li></ul><ul><li>Daisy-Aster Family with Lady Bugs </li></ul>Biological Resources- Beneficial Insects
    30. 33. Bacteria ‘nodules’ growing on roots of Nitrogen Fixing plant <ul><li>Fungus is the glue of the soil. </li></ul><ul><li>90% of plants have an association with a mychorrizal fungi </li></ul>
    31. 34. Energy Cycling Source To Sink
    32. 36. Small Scale Intensive 20 million Victory Gardens in 1943 They were producing 41% of the vegetables being consumed in the USA
    33. 37. Food Not Lawns A house with two cars, a dog, and a lawn uses more resources and energy than a village of 2000 Africans.
    34. 39. Diversity Natural Forest Forest Gardening
    35. 40. Forest Gardening
    36. 41. Avocado-Canopy Comfrey-Herbaceous Elderberry-Sub Canopy
    37. 42. Currants-Shrub Layer Sunchoke-Rhizosphere Purslane-Ground Cover Passion Fruit- Vine
    38. 43. Accelerating Succession
    39. 44. Edible Landscaping- Diversity Calcium levels about ten times as much as banana or apple Paw Paw- Asimina triloba
    40. 45. Edible Landscaping Corneilian Cherry- Cornus mas High Vitamin C Content
    41. 46. Edible Landscaping Saskatoon Berry- Amelanchier alnifolia Higher levels of protein, fat, and fiber than most other fruit
    42. 47. Edible Landscaping Black Chokeberry- Aronia melanocarpa Remarkable high antioxidant activity
    43. 48. Edible Landscaping Hardy kiwi- Actinidia polygama Rich in Antioxidants Vitamin E content twice that of Avocado and 60% of calories
    44. 49. Edge Effect
    45. 51. Protracted and thoughtful observation rather than protracted and thoughtless labor Least Change for Greatest Affect
    46. 52. Don’t fight the weeds, grow the weeds ! <ul><li>Cover Cropping </li></ul>
    47. 53. <ul><li>Mulching </li></ul>Feeds Soil Organisms Regulates Soil Temperature and Humidity Protects from Erosion
    48. 54. <ul><li>Urban Permaculture </li></ul>
    49. 56. The Design Process