Introduction to Permaculture


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A look inot the histroy of Permaculture adn its roots. Then a look into the state of the world very briefly. Following that an examination of each of the principles laid out by Bill Mollison in the book Introduction to Permaculture. Finally ending with a few pictures that provide looks into Permaculture Management techniques reflecting these design principles.

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  • it's great to know that the solutions to all problems are in the simply elegant!!
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  • Forest from outside
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  • After this …..chicken….zones/sectors……bring design aspect of Ppc more in focus
  • Introduction to Permaculture

    1. 1. Permaculture Design
    2. 2. What is Permaculture? " “ Though the problems of the world are increasingly complex, the solutions remain embarrassingly simple.” By Bill Mollison
    3. 3. Permaculture is the harmonious integration of all life kingdoms into agriculturally productive ecosystems and socially just environments, producing sound economic consequences. It’s a design science reflecting patterns in Nature that seeks to build interconnections allowing for energy efficiency and abundance of yield.
    4. 4. The Design Process
    5. 5. Bill Mollison and David Holmgren 1978 Landmark publication Permaculture One begins movement
    6. 6. Bill’s Inspirations
    7. 7. Huge Monocultures No Diversity- Globalization
    8. 8. FOREST
    9. 9. FIELD
    10. 10. PLOW
    11. 11. DESERT
    12. 12. Which way will we go??
    13. 13. Design Science “ A beneficial assembly of components in their proper relationships”
    14. 17. In commerce
    15. 18. zones ...the greatest change we need to make is from consumption to production, even if on a small scale, in our own gardens. If only 10% of us do this, there is enough for everyone. Hence the futility of revolutionaries who have no gardens, who depend on the very system they attack, and who produce words and bullets, not food and shelter." - Bill Mollison
    16. 20. Permaculture Principles
    17. 21. Relative Location- Making Interrelationships
    18. 22. Multiple Functions for Every Element Mulberry Tree: Shade Forage Food Nutrient absorber Protection Soil Builder Entertainment
    19. 23. Multiple Elements for Every Function ( slow and sink water) Rain Garden Rain Cisterns
    20. 24. SWALES Swales are water harvesting ditches and mounds on contour .
    21. 25. Chinampas: Reconstructed Wetlands Ditch and Mound Increase land increase water Increase productivity
    22. 26. Contour Hedgerow
    23. 27. DAMS GABIONS
    24. 28. Keyline Design
    25. 29. GreyWater
    26. 30. Energy Efficient Planning
    27. 31. zones Zone- Placing Elements in our Design based on Intensity of Use
    28. 32. Sector Analysis - Mapping wild, oncoming energies Wind (Summer and Winter) Sun (Summer and Winter) Noise Pollution View Wildlife Fire
    29. 34. Nitrogen Fixing Plants
    30. 35. Bacteria ‘nodules’ growing on roots of Nitrogen Fixing plant <ul><li>Fungus is the glue of the soil. </li></ul><ul><li>90% of plants have an association with a mychorrizal fungi </li></ul>
    31. 37. Use of Biological Resources Chicken Tractor Weeding Fertilizing Tilling
    32. 39. <ul><li>Dill- Umbelliferous Family </li></ul><ul><li>Daisy-Aster Family with Lady Bugs </li></ul>Biological Resources- Beneficial Insects
    33. 40. Energy Cycling Source To Sink
    34. 42. Small Scale Intensive 20 million Victory Gardens in 1943 They were producing 41% of the vegetables being consumed in the USA
    35. 43. Food Not Lawns A house with two cars, a dog, and a lawn uses more resources and energy than a village of 2000 Africans.
    36. 45. Diversity Natural Forest Forest Gardening
    37. 46. Forest Gardening
    38. 47. Avocado-Canopy Comfrey-Herbaceous Elderberry-Sub Canopy
    39. 48. Currants-Shrub Layer Sunchoke-Rhizosphere Purslane-Ground Cover Passion Fruit- Vine
    40. 49. Time and Plant Stacking
    41. 50. Time and Plant Stacking
    42. 51. Time and Plant Stacking
    43. 53. Time and Plant Stacking
    44. 54. Time and Plant Stacking
    45. 55. Time and Plant Stacking
    46. 56. Time and Plant Stacking
    47. 57. Time and Plant Stacking
    48. 58. Time and Plant Stacking
    49. 59. Time and Plant Stacking
    50. 60. Accelerating Succession
    51. 61. Orchard with swale and N2 fixers
    52. 62. Edible Landscaping- Diversity Calcium levels about ten times as much as banana or apple Paw Paw- Asimina triloba
    53. 63. Edible Landscaping Corneilian Cherry- Cornus mas High Vitamin C Content
    54. 64. Edible Landscaping Saskatoon Berry- Amelanchier alnifolia Higher levels of protein, fat, and fiber than most other fruit
    55. 65. Edible Landscaping Black Chokeberry- Aronia melanocarpa Remarkable high antioxidant activity
    56. 66. Edible Landscaping Hardy kiwi- Actinidia polygama Rich in Antioxidants Vitamin E content twice that of Avocado and 60% of calories
    57. 68. Guild design
    58. 69. Edge Effect
    59. 70. Edge Effect
    60. 71. Protracted and thoughtful observation rather than protracted and thoughtless labor Least Change for Greatest Affect
    61. 72. Don’t fight the weeds, grow the weeds ! <ul><li>Cover Cropping </li></ul>
    62. 73. <ul><li>Mulching </li></ul>Feeds Soil Organisms Regulates Soil Temperature and Humidity Protects from Erosion
    63. 74. Tree Crops
    64. 75. <ul><li>Urban Permaculture </li></ul>
    65. 77. The Design Process