Shakespearean drama


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A look at the history of The Globe Theater and elements of drama.

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Shakespearean drama

  1. 1. Shakespearean Drama
  2. 2. Drama • Drama is defined as “action” and comes from the Greeks. • Drama is intended to be performed live, on a stage in front of an audience. • Early Greek drama was performed outdoors while Shakespearean drama was performed both inside of theaters and outdoors.
  3. 3. The plays • The plays during this time were performed by male actors. Women were not allowed to “debase” themselves in such a way as to become actresses. • There were very few props and no curtain like we have in today’s modern theater. • The earliest of Shakespeare’s troupes was named The Lord Chamberlain’s Men and they performed in castles, churches and in the outdoors.
  4. 4. Theater • The players eventually moved to an indoor theater known as “The Theater”. • Some time during 1599, the actors began performing in the famous Globe Theater. (See picture on the next page.) This was built from the wood of the old Theater, because the owner of the land did not like theater and raised the price of the rent. The troupe did not agree to the new price and took down the theater and rebuilt it, naming it the Globe.
  5. 5. The Lease of the ' Theatre ' expires The 21 year lease for the ground upon which The Theatre had been built was due to expire at the end of 1597. The ground landlord of The Theater was called Giles Allen. A grasping man, he disapproved of theatrical productions, the theatre in general, and raised the price of the lease of The Theatre to an exorbitant level. The troupe failed to agree new terms and when the lease of The Theatre finally expired the Chamberlain's men were forced to move to The Curtain Theater , another public playing house near The Theatre. All attempts to negotiate the new tenancy and lease agreement of The Theatre failed and Giles Allen planned to pull down the Theatre and capitalise on the building materials. But Burbage found a clause in their former lease allowing them to dismantle the Theatre building. The players decided to pull down The Theatre and transport the timber to a new Theater site on Bankside in Southwark. The work of demolishing the Theatre and transporting the timber across the River Thames was noisily undertaken by the Acting Troupe themselves. Giles Allen was absolutely furious. A new theatre would be built learning from both the mistakes and successes of the original ' Theatre '. The new theater was called The Globe. (The Old Globe)
  6. 6. Tragedy • The theater was in use until 1613, when a tragic accident ended its usefulness. One of the props, a cannon, was loaded with gunpowder and because it was not maintained, it fell, causing it to go off and set the thatched roof on fire. The Globe burnt to the ground. (The Old Globe) • The Globe was rebuilt, but torn down in 1644.
  7. 7. For Shame! • In both 1572 and 1642, theater in England was banned. The first time it was because of the Church’s influence. They believed that theater was no good. • In 1642, it was also because of religion, but this time it was because of the Puritans, a strict religious sect dedicated to holiness and reforming the Catholic Church.
  8. 8. No Theater • From 1642 until 1660, when King Charles II is restored to his throne, there was no theater in England. All theaters were ordered to be torn down. At the death of Lord Cromwell, however, the Puritan hold on England lost its power. • Thank you King Charles II for allowing theater to resume and the people to be entertained!
  9. 9. King Charles II Wright, John Michael . "King Charles II in Coronation Robes." 1660. JPG file.
  10. 10. Works Cited • "The OLD GLOBE THEATER History." WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Mar. 2011. theatre.htm Format: web
  11. 11. The Original Globe Theater
  12. 12. Aspects of the original Globe • If you look closely, you will see that the Globe had no roof, so performances were still “out doors.” • Later on, the troupe performed indoors at a theater named “The Blackfriar’s”, but they continued to perform at the Globe.