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Multilingualism as Cultural Capital?
Study of Studies
Donna L. Confere
Objectives
• To determine if there is a
correlation between multilingualism
and cognitive ability.
• To determine if multi...
Cultural Capital
• Pierre Bourdieu (1986) The Forms of Capital:
• Cultural capital can exist in three forms: in the embodi...
Multilingualism and Cognition
Shift in research in the 1960s to 1980s:
Multilingual strengths in childhood:
• Flexibility
• Good at substitution
• Use o...
Multilingualism and Education
Outcomes
Schooling
• Contradictory studies
related to grade point
average (GPA).
• Interpersonal
communication
• Conflict resolutio...
Multilingualism and Economic
Status
Globalisation
Advantages
• Multilingualism accepted
• Job market
• Promotes self-efficacy
Disadvantages
• Minority and tri...
Multilingualism as Cultural Capital
Possibilities
• Language immersion programs
• Focus on literacy
• Multilingualism and ...
Works Cited
Alshenqeeti, Hamz and Naif Alsaedi. (2012). Is Multilingualism a Problem? The Effects of Multilingualism at th...
Hakuta, Kenji & Rafael M. Diaz. (1985). The Relationship Between Degree of Bilingualism and Cognitive Ability: A Critical
...
Mallinson, Christine. (2007). Social Class, Social Sttus and Stratification: Revisiting Familiar Concepts in Sociolinguist...
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Multilingualism, Education, and Economy (1)

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Multilingualism, Education, and Economy (1)

  1. 1. Multilingualism as Cultural Capital? Study of Studies Donna L. Confere
  2. 2. Objectives • To determine if there is a correlation between multilingualism and cognitive ability. • To determine if multilingualism translates into higher grades and greater academic achievement. • To determine if the number of languages in which a person has achieved proficiency impacts their economic advancement, stability, and status.
  3. 3. Cultural Capital • Pierre Bourdieu (1986) The Forms of Capital: • Cultural capital can exist in three forms: in the embodied state, i.e., in the form of long- lasting dispositions of the mind and body; in the objectified state, in the form of cultural goods (pictures, books, dictionaries, instruments, machines, etc.), which are the trace or realization of theories or critiques of these theories, problematics, etc.; and in the institutionalized state, a form of objectification which must be set apart because, as will be seen in the case of educational qualifications, it confers entirely original properties on the cultural capital which it is presumed to guarantee (241-258).
  4. 4. Multilingualism and Cognition
  5. 5. Shift in research in the 1960s to 1980s: Multilingual strengths in childhood: • Flexibility • Good at substitution • Use of semantic cues • Metalinguistic awareness • Making corrections Multilingual strengths in adulthood: • Comparison of language rules • Cognitive reserve • Memory • Abstract thinking • Greater attention
  6. 6. Multilingualism and Education Outcomes
  7. 7. Schooling • Contradictory studies related to grade point average (GPA). • Interpersonal communication • Conflict resolution • Educational attainment questions • Word choice • Code switching • Memory, abstract thinking, & attention
  8. 8. Multilingualism and Economic Status
  9. 9. Globalisation Advantages • Multilingualism accepted • Job market • Promotes self-efficacy Disadvantages • Minority and tribal languages • Impact on elderly, poor and immigrants • Dialect and “high” form of a language
  10. 10. Multilingualism as Cultural Capital Possibilities • Language immersion programs • Focus on literacy • Multilingualism and multicultural values Impediments • Political power of particular languages • Immigration and prejudice • Lack of focused curriculum on formal language
  11. 11. Works Cited Alshenqeeti, Hamz and Naif Alsaedi. (2012). Is Multilingualism a Problem? The Effects of Multilingualism at the Societal Level. Annual Review of Education, Communication and Language Sciences October 2012 Accessed at http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/88924968/multilingualism-problem-effects-multilingualism-societal- level Accessed at http://www.bu.edu/bucld/supplementvol37/ Bourdieu, Pierre. (1986). Forms of Capital. Numerous sources. Marxists.org Budria, Santiago. (2014). The Impact of Multilingualism on Spanish Language Acquisition among Immigrants in Spain. Accessed at http://www.iza.org/en/webcontent/publications/papers/viewAbstract?dp_id=8748 Doshi, Dev etal. (2012). Effects of Multilingualism on Cognition. Carnegie Mellon University. Accessed at www.andrew.cmu.edu/.../ddoshi/.../ddoshi-la Engel de Abrou, Pascale. (2011). Working Memory in Multilingual Children: Is There a Bilingual Effect? Memory. Accessed at http://www.academia.edu/2047410/Working_memory_in_multilingual_children_Is_there_a_bilingual_effect Gazzola, Michele. (2014). Language Policy and Linguistic Justice in the European Union: The Socio-Economic Effects of Multilingualism. Economic Langues Formation. Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin, Germany. Accessed at www.elf.unige.ch Grin, Francois et al. (2014). Mobility and Inclusion in Multilingual Europe: A Position Paper on the MIME Project. MIME Kick-Off Conference, University of Geneva. Accessed at http://www.mime- project.org/news/index.php?categories=Events
  12. 12. Hakuta, Kenji & Rafael M. Diaz. (1985). The Relationship Between Degree of Bilingualism and Cognitive Ability: A Critical Discussion and Some New Longitudinal Data. In Children’s Languages, Vol. 5. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum. Kave, Gitit et al. (2008). Multilingualism and Cognitive State in the Oldest Old. Psychology and Aging, Vol. 23, No. 1, 70-78. Kormos, Judit and Thom Kiddle. (2013). The Role of Socio-economic Factors in Motivation to Learn English as a Foreign Language: The Case of Chile. Science Direct Accessed at http://www.academia.edu/4418185/The_role_of_socio- economic_factors_in_learning_English_as_a_foreign_language Kovalik, Alexandra. (2012). The Impact of Multilingualism on Grade Point Average among College Undergraduates. Perspectives. Accessed at http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/80029530/impact-multilingualism-grade- point-average-among-college-undergraduates Lindberg, Inger. (2007). Multilingual Education: a Swedish Perspective. Accessed at www.srii.org/content/.../66f9f6e9- c2d7-47ab-8b37-c37c6fb1471a.pdf Linck, Jared et al. (2014). Moving Beyond Two Languages: The Effects of Multilingualism on Language Processing and Language Learning. Technical Details. University of Maryland Center for Advanced Study of Language.
  13. 13. Mallinson, Christine. (2007). Social Class, Social Sttus and Stratification: Revisiting Familiar Concepts in Sociolinguistics. Selected Papers from NWAV 35 Volume 13 Issue 2. Mohanty, Ajit K. (2006). Multilingualism of the Unequals and Predicaments of Education in India: Mother Tongue or Other Tongue? Imagining Multilingual Schools Ofelia Garcia. Palma, Helena Lopez. (2008). Aspects of Multilingualism in the Deocratic Republic of the Congo. In Conversarii: Dynamics of Language Contact in the Twenty-first Century. Ed. Carla Vergaro. Perugia. 93-110. Prediger, Susanne. (2013). Family Background or Language Disadvantages? Factors for Underachievement in High Stakes Tests. In Proceeding of the 37th Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, Vol. 4. 49-56. Kiel, Germany. Schnelten, Eva-Maria. (2003). Multilingualism: Obligatory at First, Fun at Last. University of Gronigen. Accessed at talen.wewi.eldoc.ub.rug.nl/.../multilingualism-ev.

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