Corruption in china


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This presentation provides an overview of corruption in China with attention given to the plight of politburo member and party chief of Chongqing Bo Xilai who has been sentenced to life in prison for bribery, embezzlement, and abuse of authority. September 2013

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Corruption in china

  1. 1. Corruption Facts & Figures • 150,000 officials are punished every year for bribery & corruption • $86 billion in corruption in 2003 reports a 2007 study by the Carnegie Endowment of International Peace • 2005 National Audit finds $35 billion in fraud among government officials
  2. 2. Corruption • “During the transition period from old to new economic systems, without checks, corruption was bound to grow, in the form of power- money exchanges, official profiteering, official monopoly of businesses, and bribery . . . To resolve these issues, the key was transparency and democratic supervision, including scrutiny by the press and public opinion, and an independent judiciary.” (Zhao Ziyang, in Prisoner of the State, 2009, p. 265)
  3. 3. Bribery
  4. 4. Possessions reclaimed in bribery cases, including computers and jewelry, displayed for public auction in Hefei, a city in Anhui Province
  5. 5. More facts & figures • Government poll reports that 75% list corruption as their No. 1 concern • “The public is fed up with corruption,” says Gao Quanxin, a senior fellow at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing • “Corruption has not derailed China’s economic rise but it’s rotting the establishment of a rule of law.”
  6. 6. Chongqing Province-size mega-city 31 million population • Trial underway involving more than 9,000 suspects, 50 public officials, a petulant billionaire • Wen Qiang, public employee in charge of the local judiciary, nearly $3 million found buried beneath a fish pond • Sister-in-law, Xie Caiping, known as the Godmother of the Chongqing underworld, accused of running 30 illegal casinos, including one across the street from the courthouse
  7. 7. Bo Xilai sentenced to life in prison convicted for accepting bribes, embezzling state funds and abusing his power—Sept. 2013—CCP party chief Chongqing & politburo member
  8. 8. A Second Mao? Before his ouster, Mr. Bo had been something of populist hero. Tall and unusually loquacious for a Chinese official, Mr. Bo had built a name for himself aggressively promoting a retro-Maoist culture, summoning citizens to sing old nationalist songs and don red garments, strengthening his hand among influential left-wing nationalists. For all his success, the seeds of Mr. Bo’s destruction were evident long ago to many of those who knew him. He was a man of prodigious charisma and deep intelligence, someone who not only possessed the family pedigree and network of allies that are crucial in Chinese politics, but who had also mastered the image-massaging and strategic use of public cash that fuel every Western politician’s rise.
  9. 9. What to do about corruption? • China has more than 1,200 laws, rules and directives against corruption but implementation is ineffective. • “Resolutely punishing and effectively preventing corruption bears on the popular support for the Party and on its very survival, and is therefore a major political task the Party must attend to at all times.”—Hu Jintao, October 15, 2007
  10. 10. Roots of Corruption • Lack of moral restraints? • Emphasis on rapid growth and wealth accumulation • Decentralization--Expanding local officials’ power over funds and resources • Lagging political system reform, particularly legal
  11. 11. Want to know more about the “new” China? You can find my new multi-touch book “The NEW China” in the iBookstore or the text version at Click on the images below.