Suriname

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Suriname

  1. 1. Jason Pollock Dominique Aulisio Laurie-Lee Williams William Colon Brian Reim<br />
  2. 2. History<br />First Inhabited by Arawaks<br />Caribs replaced Arawaks<br />1595 - Sir Walter Raleigh<br />1667 - Treaty of Breda<br />1687 - Dutch began colonization.<br />1730 - Most important slave trading post in South America.<br />
  3. 3. Maroons<br />Maroon Communities<br />Saramaka<br />Ndjuka<br />Kwinti<br />1760 Maroon Independence<br />African derived religions<br />Subsistence<br />Gold mining<br />
  4. 4. Ethnicities<br />Creoles<br />The East Indians<br />1873-1916<br />Javanese<br />1890-1939<br />Maroons<br />
  5. 5. Current Politics<br />Political History<br />Independence 1975<br />Military coup overthrows government<br />New constitution 1987<br />DesiBouterse<br />Ethnicity in Politics<br />51 member national assembly<br />Political parties<br />Small party size/ Numerous parties<br />Ethnically grouped parties<br />Coalitions<br />Problems/ Issues <br />
  6. 6. Languages<br />There are between 17 and 22 Languages spoken in Suriname<br />Official language is Dutch<br />Two other popular languages are Suriname Javanese and Creole-Stranantango. <br />Its people are a mixture of Creole, British Indian, and Afro- Surinamese<br />
  7. 7. Arts & Culture <br />Suriname people love to give gifts during birth, weddings, and funerals. <br />Javanese Wedding Gifts Include:<br />A bouquet of different ornaments<br />Umbrella Ornament: Protector of the family<br />Grasshopper Ornaments: Quick on their feet to make family decisions<br />Some special events in Suriname include Chinese New Year<br />it is celebrated by people at the complex Ngie Kong Tong Sang, the oldest Chinese Surinamese society.<br />
  8. 8. Arts & Culture<br />JeranKapan is a popular dance in Suriname. <br />It is carried out with gamelan music. <br />Prayer is a must before every performance. <br />Women performing a Maroon cultural dance. <br />
  9. 9. Art & Fashion <br />A woman’s traditional gown , Koto<br />A men’s traditional outfit, Dhoti Kurto<br />Art painted by Suriname artists Marcel Pinas and Kurt Nahar.<br />
  10. 10. Music<br />
  11. 11. Music <br />Kawina<br />
  12. 12. Suriname <br />Kaseko<br />
  13. 13. Music<br />Chutney<br />
  14. 14. Music<br />
  15. 15. Land Rights<br />Land Rights for Indigenous and Maroon Communities<br />-No special legal recognition or collective land rights.<br />-Routinely excluded from negotiations regarding use of ancestral lands.<br />
  16. 16. Ethnic Discrimination<br />-Creoles have historically controlled the politics of Suriname.<br />-City-dwellers and politicians have blatantly disrespected Maroon and indigenous land rights and culture.<br />-Development projects and displacement from land go hand-in-hand.<br />
  17. 17. Civil War and Genocide<br />-In 1986 a guerrilla faction of Maroons responded to dislocation policies by declaring civil war on the government of Suriname.<br />-The Suriname army responded by massacring Maroons, using warfare as a cover to commit genocide.<br />-The Moiwana massacre of 1986 was one of the largest massacres and the government of Suriname has since been required to pay reparations and make formal apologies.<br />
  18. 18. Civil War and Genocide<br />
  19. 19. Solutions for the Future<br /> -Use of international human rights standards by indigenous and Maroon groups to counteract impunity.<br />-Incorporating land rights into the Suriname constitution.<br />-Reserving seats in the National Assembly for indigenous and Maroon representatives.<br />-Funding of human-centered development including in the interior in accord with needs voiced by the communities, including public education and medical care.<br />-Promotion of a national identity based on respect, cooperation, and support between ethnic groups through popular and formal education.<br />
  20. 20. Works Cited<br />Berlin, Ira, and Philip Morgan. The Slaves Economy: Independant Production by Slaves in The         <br /> Americas. London: Portland, 1991. Print.<br />Bilby, Kenneth. “La musiquealuku: un héritageafricain.” Musiques en Guyane. M. Jean-Louis and <br /> G. Collomb, ed. Cayenne: Conseil Regional de la Guyane, 1989. 49–72. Print.<br />Chin, Henk E. Countries and Their Cultures. 1998. Web. 10 April 2011.<br />  <http://www.everyculture.com/wc/Rwanda-to-Syria/Surinamese.html>.Heemskerk, Marieke. "Maroon Gold Miners and Mining Risks In The Suriname Amazon.<br /> " Cultural Survival Quarterly 25.1 (2001): 25-29.<br />Hoefte, Rosemarjin, ed. Suriname. Oxford: Clio Press Ltd., 1990. Print.<br />Hoogbergen, Wim S.M. The Boni Maroon wars in Suriname. The Netherlands: E.J. Brill, <br /> Leiden, 1990. Print.<br />Lewis, Paul M. Languages of Suriname. 2003. Web. 10 April 2011. <br /> <http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=SR>.Manuel, Peter. ‘Chutney and Indo-Trinidadian Identity’, Popular Music, xvii.1 (1998): 21–43.<br />Ormachea, Pablo A. “Recent Developments. Moiwana Village: The Inter-American Court and the <br /> ‘Continuing Violation Doctrine.” Harvard Human Rights Journal. Vol. 19 (2006). Web. 23 April <br /> 2011.<br />Price, Richard. Arts of the Suriname Maroons. 1997. Web. 10 April 2011. <br /> <http://www.folklife.si.edu/resources/maroon/educational_guide/28.htm>.<br />Price, Richard. “Executing Ethnicity: The Killings in Suriname.” Cultural Anthropology. 10.4 <br /> (1995): 437-71. JSTOR. Web. 9 April 2011. <br />Price, Richard. Maroon Societies: Rebel Slave Communities in the Americas.         <br /> Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1979. Print.Sell Off Suriname. Journeyman Pictures. Film. 2005. Web. 22 April 2011.<br />St-Hilaire, Aonghas. "Ethnicity, Assimilation and Nation in Plural Suriname." Ethnic and <br />Racial Studies 24.6 (2001): 998-1019.<br />“Suriname Factsheet.” Netherland Institute for Multiparty Democracy. December 2009. Web. 18 April <br /> 2011. <br /> <http://www.nimd.org/documents/N/nimd_factsheet_suriname.pdf>.<br />Wetering, Wilhelmina Van., and DerElst, Dirk. Van. In the Shadow of the Oracle: Religion as         <br /> Politics in a Suriname Maroon Society. Long Grove, IL: Waveland, 2004. Print.<br />Williams, Colleen. Suriname (Discovering). New York :Mason Crest, 2003. Print.<br />“World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples – Suriname: Overview.” Minority <br /> Group International. UNHCR/Refworld. Web. 9 April 2011. <br />

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