places of worship ppt


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  • places of worship ppt

    1. 1. By Dominic Di Cicco 7M1 Places of Worship
    2. 2. St. Marks Basilica, Venice, Italy The Kaaba, Mecca, Saudi Arabia Henan Shao Lin Monastery, Henan Province, China
    3. 3. The kaaba الكعبة المشرفة <ul><li>The holiest place in all of Islam, located in the al-Masjid al-Haram mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia </li></ul><ul><li>It is a cube shaped stone structure built in the middle of the Sacred Mosque. </li></ul><ul><li>The Kaaba was built by prophet Abraham as a landmark for the House of God, for the sole purpose of worshipping of God alone </li></ul><ul><li>The current height of the kaaba is 39 feet, 6 inches and total size comes to 627 square feet. </li></ul>
    4. 4. The kaaba: History <ul><li>Little is known of the pre-Islamic history </li></ul><ul><li>There are various opinions regarding its formation and significance </li></ul><ul><li>The area did not start becoming an area of religious pilgrimage until around 500 AD. </li></ul><ul><li>The Quraysh tribe (where Muhammad was later born into) made an agreement with the local Kinana Bedouins for control </li></ul>
    5. 5. The kaaba: Black Stone <ul><li>A significant feature of the kaaba is the Black Stone, also called al-Hajar-ul-Aswad ,. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30 cm in diameter, located on the Eastern corner of the Kaaba, and surrounded by a silver frame. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muslims try to kiss the Black Stone, as Muhammad once kissed it </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. St. Mark’s Basilica ( Basilica de San Marco) <ul><li>the cathedral of Venice, the most famous of the city's churches and one of the best known examples of Byzantine architecture. </li></ul><ul><li>lies on St Mark's Square adjacent and connected to the Doge's Palace. </li></ul><ul><li>Originally it was the &quot;chapel&quot; of the Venetian rulers. Since 1807 it has been the seat of the Patriarch of Venice, archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Venice. </li></ul><ul><li>From the 11th century on the building was known by the nickname Chiesa d'Or or the church of gold. </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>The first St Mark's was a temporary building in the Doge’s Palace, constructed in 828 </li></ul><ul><li>the first St Mark's Campanile (bell tower). The new church was burned in a rebellion in 976, rebuilt in 978 and again to form the basis of the present basilica since 1063. </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>The basilica was consecrated in 1094 </li></ul><ul><li>The building also includes a low tower (now housing St Mark’s body), believed by some to have been part of the original Doge's Palace. </li></ul><ul><li>Within the first half of the 13th century the narthex and the new façade were constructed, </li></ul>
    9. 9. He Nan shaolin Monastery ( 少林寺 or Shàolínsì) <ul><li>The Shaolin Monastery is a Ch'an Buddhist temple at Song Shan in Henan Province </li></ul><ul><li>The monastery was built by the Emperor Hsiao-Wen in AD 496 </li></ul><ul><li>The first abbot of Shaolin was Batuo </li></ul><ul><li>Batuo was an Indian dhyana master who came to China in AD 464 to spread Buddhist teachings. </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>After the Battle of Qianglingkou, it began to play a military role in Imperial affairs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>grew to include over 1000 &quot;soldier-monks&quot; during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When Manchu invaders took China's imperial throne and formed the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) martial arts were outlawed. </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1644 and 1928 the Shaolin Temple was burnt at least three times. A number of relics and over 230 pagodas have survived on the grounds; some date back as far as the Tang dynasty. </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>Today several structures greet visitors to the temple, including a Bell Tower and a Drum Tower, both characteristic of Chinese temples. </li></ul><ul><li>There is also the Hall of the Heavenly Kings, Mahavira Hall and the Sutra-Keeping Pavilion with well over 5000 Buddhist sutras in its library. </li></ul><ul><li>Fangzhang Hall traditionally served as a resting place for the temple's abbots. </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>شكرا </li></ul><ul><li>Grazie </li></ul><ul><li>谢谢 </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you for listening </li></ul>