The Formation of the Triumvirate (rule of three) 61-60 B.C. OR Why Pompey, Crassus and Julius Caesar turn against the Opti...
The Triumvirate
Pompey <ul><li>Returns home from Asia needing the Senate to confirm his acts. </li></ul><ul><li>Needs land for his troops ...
Crassus <ul><li>Crassus is the richest man in Rome and he has contacts with the equites who were Rome’s business class. </...
Crassus continued <ul><li>The Optimates led by Cato oppose changing this contract as it will cost the state too much money...
Julius Caesar <ul><li>In 61 B.C. Caesar is in Spain successfully  fighting various tribes. </li></ul><ul><li>He wants to r...
Caesar continued <ul><li>Cato and the Optimates refuse this request hoping he will celebrate his triumph and give up tryin...
The Optimates <ul><li>They do not trust Pompey, Crassus or Julius Caesar.  </li></ul><ul><li>Even though Pompey disbanded ...
Optimates continued <ul><li>Because the Optimates are short sighted and stubborn they force Crassus and Pompey to look to ...
Where does Cicero stand? <ul><li>Cicero is opposed to the Triumvirate and all it stands for because he feels that it works...
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The Formation Of The Triumvirate (Rule Of

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Roman History/Late Reublic

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The Formation Of The Triumvirate (Rule Of

  1. 1. The Formation of the Triumvirate (rule of three) 61-60 B.C. OR Why Pompey, Crassus and Julius Caesar turn against the Optimates
  2. 2. The Triumvirate
  3. 3. Pompey <ul><li>Returns home from Asia needing the Senate to confirm his acts. </li></ul><ul><li>Needs land for his troops & laws he passed in Asia to be confirmed. </li></ul><ul><li>He uses a Tribune called Flavius to try and pass these laws in the Assembly. </li></ul><ul><li>Optimates in the Senate (led by Cato) prevent this by using another Tribune to veto him. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Crassus <ul><li>Crassus is the richest man in Rome and he has contacts with the equites who were Rome’s business class. </li></ul><ul><li>A group of equites called the publicani (who collect taxes) want to cancel a contract with the Senate because they feel that they have paid too much. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Crassus continued <ul><li>The Optimates led by Cato oppose changing this contract as it will cost the state too much money. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Julius Caesar <ul><li>In 61 B.C. Caesar is in Spain successfully fighting various tribes. </li></ul><ul><li>He wants to return to Rome and celebrate his triumph (in 60 B.C.) but he cannot do this and hand in his nomination for the consulship of 59 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>He asks the Senate if he can submit his nomination without actually being in Rome. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Caesar continued <ul><li>Cato and the Optimates refuse this request hoping he will celebrate his triumph and give up trying to be Consul. </li></ul><ul><li>They also make one of the Consuls jobs for 59 B.C. (just in case he still does run for election) the administration of forests and cattle tracks. Not a very prestigious job. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Optimates <ul><li>They do not trust Pompey, Crassus or Julius Caesar. </li></ul><ul><li>Even though Pompey disbanded his army (unlike Sulla and Marius who brought their troops into the city) and gave 480 million sesterces to the treasury (he also increased the annual Roman tax revenue by 70%) Cato sees him as a revolutionary. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Optimates continued <ul><li>Because the Optimates are short sighted and stubborn they force Crassus and Pompey to look to Caesar for help (if he is elected Consul) in getting their laws passed. </li></ul><ul><li>Caesar needs the backing of Pompey and Crassus because they are rich and have more supporters than him. Especially as Cato and the Optimates are all backing a man called Bibulus (who is Cato’s son-in-law). </li></ul>
  10. 10. Where does Cicero stand? <ul><li>Cicero is opposed to the Triumvirate and all it stands for because he feels that it works against the Senate and creates division. </li></ul><ul><li>He has to be careful because his hopes still rest with Pompey in creating an ideal constitution. </li></ul>

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