Heritage crowd oct 5 2011 cuag

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Slides to accompany Oct 5 talk at the Carleton University Art Gallery on the HeritageCrowd project (http://heritagecrowd.org); case study is available at http://writinghistory.trincoll.edu/crowdsourcing/heritagecrowd-project-graham-massie-feuerherm/

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  • The longitude prize - http://www.nmm.ac.uk/harrison –http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longitude_prize
  • Our project has more in common with the quilt index
  • We targeted a local area with which we were familiar,17 the Pontiac county in Western Quebec (Click through for a Google map of the region). Internet connectivity in “the Pontiac”, as it is always referred to colloquially, has only recently transitioned from dial-up internet connection.18 More importantly, over half the population does not have a high school diploma,19 an indicator of low internet use.20 The Pontiac’s sister county in the neighbouring province of Ontario, Renfrew, was also a target region for similar reasons.21 Both of these counties together are known as “the Upper Ottawa Valley”.
  • Interesting items from the database.
  • We have effectively given the community a forum to offer historical narratives. There is no “expertise” required to use HeritageCrowd. It’s kind of like Wikipedia. I have no training in science, but for all you know, I could have written the introductory paragraph to the Wikipedia article on biology or genetics or gene splicing. Whether or not the administrators decide to remove my changes is another story (“What’s this guy talking about!?”) but the question is not one of expertise. In any case, we don’t screen submissions made to HeritageCrowd except to filter out spam or otherwise inappropriate material.
  • (as it happens, Ushahidi as a platform does work in terms of widening access beyond the tech-savy: we did get voice and SMS contributions, and so met that aim of our project at least).
  • Get out and walk the walk, and talk to people. Identify, contact, and cultivate key players.
  • Heritage crowd oct 5 2011 cuag

    1. 1. Crowdsourcing History<br />The HeritageCrowd Project<br />Guy Massie,<br />Nadine Feuerherm<br />Shawn Graham<br />Department of History,<br />Carleton University<br />
    2. 2. Crowdsourcing, eh?<br />Harrison & His Clocks http://www.nmm.ac.uk/harrison<br />
    3. 3. Examples from Science<br />
    4. 4. Examples from Museums<br />
    5. 5. Examples from History<br />
    6. 6. And sometimes, given a space, it self-organizes...<br />Myth of the Black Confederate Soldier<br />Blogosphere vs. Ancestry.com<br />(Leslie Madsen-Brooks, “‘I nevertheless am a historian”: Digital Historical Practice and Malpractice around Black Confederate Soldiers” Writing History in the Digital Age – going live tomorrow!<br />
    7. 7. Who is the Crowd?<br />Depends on the project<br />Wikipedia:<br />87% Men, 13% women<br />23% with degrees<br />26% are undergrads<br />45% secondary level or less<br />(survey of 58 000 self selected ‘wikipedians’, UNU, Collaborative Creativity Group http://www.wikipediastudy.org/) <br />
    8. 8. Our Crowd: Pontiac & Renfrew Counties<br />
    9. 9. Why Digitally Crowdsourced History?<br />
    10. 10. Why Digitally Crowdsourced History?<br />An outlet for those who wish to share historical narratives<br />
    11. 11. Why Digitally Crowdsourced History?<br />An outlet for those who wish to share historical narratives<br />Collecting an abundance of perspectives, or the aesthetics of the cracked mirror<br />
    12. 12. Why Digitally Crowdsourced History?<br />An outlet for those who wish to share historical narratives<br />Collecting an abundance of perspectives, or the aesthetics of the cracked mirror<br />Local community consciousness<br />
    13. 13. So what is HeritageCrowd then?<br />Ushahidi.com<br />Omeka.com<br />
    14. 14. Ushahidi<br />
    15. 15. Omeka<br />
    16. 16. Our ‘ideal’ data flow<br />SMS image from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:SMS_test.jpg<br />Telephone operator, By Deasington, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Telephone_girl.JPG<br />
    17. 17. Results from HeritageCrowdSummer Phase<br />Number of daily submissions received over time<br />
    18. 18. Results from HeritageCrowdSummer Phase<br />
    19. 19. Some Interesting Stories...<br />
    20. 20. Deschenes<br />
    21. 21. The medium & the message<br />Technology and the appearance of authority<br />
    22. 22.
    23. 23. What would we have done differently?<br />Train wreckatMontparnasse Station, at Place de Rennes side (now Place du 18 Juin 1940), Paris, France, 1895. Studio Lévy and Sons (Studio Lévy & fils)<br />
    24. 24. What would we have done differently?<br />“Retroactive crowdsourcing”<br />
    25. 25. What would we have done differently?<br />“Retroactive crowdsourcing”<br />“Gamification” of digitally crowdsourced work<br />
    26. 26. What would we have done differently?<br />“Retroactive crowdsourcing”<br />“Gamification” of digitally crowdsourced work<br />Procedural Rhetorics of the Software <br />
    27. 27. Relinquishing Control of the Historical Voice<br />Source for this photo? It exists in multiple copies online... See http://j.mp/oumey5<br />
    28. 28. Relinquishing Control of the Historical Voice<br />Conventional role of the historian: constructor of historical narratives<br />
    29. 29. Relinquishing Control of the Historical Voice<br />Conventional role of the historian: constructor of historical narratives<br />Uses sources to interpret the past, but interpretation is in the hands of the historian<br />
    30. 30. Relinquishing Control of the Historical Voice<br />Conventional role of the historian: constructor of historical narratives<br />Uses sources to interpret the past, but interpretation is in the hands of the historian<br />Social authority of the historian: institutionally trained, professional credentials<br />
    31. 31. Relinquishing Control of the Historical Voice<br />With the crowdsourcing of history, we are asking people from the public to define their sense of history and heritage<br />
    32. 32. Relinquishing Control of the Historical Voice<br />With the crowdsourcing of history, we are asking people from the public to define their sense of history and heritage<br />“Every person their own historian”<br />
    33. 33. Relinquishing Control of the Historical Voice<br />With the crowdsourcing of history, we are asking people from the public to define their sense of history and heritage<br />“Every person their own historian”<br />The democratization of history?<br />
    34. 34. In a nutshell:<br />Choose your base platform carefully, thinking through the technological and epistemological implications<br />Collect what already exists. <br />Seed your site with this material so you can identify the gaps. <br />Image: Termininga, Wikimedia Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Almond_nut.jpg<br />
    35. 35. Narrow your target when communicating with the public: get them to fill the holes. <br />Make sure to design for engagement. <br />Building your crowd is key: put initial resources into publicity. <br />
    36. 36. Have an “elevator pitch”. <br />Make sure that the project can be described completely in 30 seconds or less. <br />Build your outreach and social media strategy around getting that pitch in front of as many eyes in your target crowd as possible.<br />
    37. 37. Whither HeritageCrowd?<br />Platform for outreach & communication<br />Environment for teaching & training of students (especially in HIST2809)<br />
    38. 38. Thank You<br />CUAG<br />FASS Jr. Research Fellowship, 2011<br />History Department<br />Communities of the Ottawa Valley<br />

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