Duhok Polytechnic University
The 2nd stage /Evening
Dr.Ahmed Shakir Hassan
Academic year :
Amoxicillin is a penicillin antibiotic. It is used to treat bacterial infections,
such as chest infections (including pneumonia) and dental abscesses. It
can also be used together with other antibiotics and medicines to
treat stomach ulcers.
It's often prescribed for children, to treat ear infections and chest
Amoxicillin is only available on prescription. It comes as capsules or as a
liquid that you swallow. It's also given by injection, but this is usually only
done in hospital.
Drug name : Amoxicillin is available as brand-name drugs called Amoxil
Amoxicillin was discovered by scientists at Beecham Research
Laboratories in 1972. The narrow spectrum of antimicrobial activity of
the penicillins, led to the search for derivatives of penicillin which could
treat a wider range of infections. The first important step forward was
the development of ampicillin.
Crop plant species
Antibiotic Target species Concentration
Amoxicillin Carrot (Daucus carota) 1–10 000 µg L−1
Chlortetracycline Lettuce (Lactuca sativa)
Levofloxacin Alfalfa (Medicago sativa)
Habit: south Africa
The shape of the flower is one of the ways to differentiate the sexuality
of the geranium and the number. The geraniums have five perfectly
symmetric petal leaves and are therefore radially symmetric
(polyymmetric), while the two raised petals differ in the genus of the
stigma from the three lower leaves and thus their flowers are
symmetrical on one of the surfaces only (monosymmetric).
Part use: Root
Active compound plant:
The percentage of oil ranges from 0.15 – 0.25% and the essential oil
contains a high percentage of alcohols such as: Citrone, Linalool,
Geraniol, Geraniol and also contains some esters such as: Geranyl Linalyl
acetate and Linalool acetate. 02/09/2020
Active compound used in drug pelorgoes
visnaga and khelloglycosides are the main active ingrdient of ammi
visnaga used in drug. And the active ingredint of Cymbopogon proximus
are proximadiol and terpenes.
Indication and usage of plant:
Benefits in relieving (reducing) symptoms of severe and full-blown
bronchitis and acute rhinosinusitis; However, the quality of this evidence
remains minimal to very low.
Indication and usage of Drug
Pelargonium sidoides helps reduce cold symptoms.
It is used in Europe to treat the common cold and bronchitis. In
laboratory studies, this herb was shown to kill bacteria, viruses, and
stimulate the immune system. Human studies show that it can reduce
the symptoms of common cold and bronchitis.
The usual dose of amoxicillin capsules is 250mg to 500mg, taken 3
times a day. The dose may be lower for children.
Amoxicillin liquid is available in 125mg and 250mg doses.