Fidel castro


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Fidel castro

  1. 1. Background • Leader of Cuba’s Revolution • Feb 1959 – Sep 1976: Prime Minister of Cuba • President of the Council of Ministers of Cuba
  2. 2. the West _dictator _repressive apparatus the Cubans a hero> <
  3. 3. Biography • August 13th, 1926 • 1945: Habana University • 1950-1952: lawer, member of Partido Ortodoxo * Partido Ortodoxo: the socialist Party of the Cuban People
  4. 4. Fulgencio Batista (Jan 16th, 1901- Aug 6th, 1973)
  5. 5. Monaca Barracks (Jul 26, 1953) 26th of July Movement (MR-26-7) (1954) Return Cuba on Granma ship (Sep 2nd, 1956) Forested mountain Sierra Maestra May 1958Cuba’s Revolution succeed (Jan 1st, 1959)
  6. 6. Che Guevara (1928-1967)
  7. 7. • Feb 1959: Prime Minister of Cuba • 2006: empower to his brother Raul Castro • Feb 18th, 2008: retired Raul Castro (Jun 3rd, 1931)
  8. 8. • Was assassinated 638 times by CIA (Feb 2011) • “If surviving after assassinations is awared Olympic medal, I will win the gold medal” • 50 medal from over 40 countries -Fidel Castro-
  9. 9. Vision • May 1st, 1961: Cuba was a socialist country. • “Marxism taught me what society is. I like a blindfolded man in a forest, who did not even know the north or south. If you are not the last to really understand the history of class struggle, or at least have a clear idea that society is divided between the rich and the poor, and some conquered and implementation trust others, you are lost in a forest, does not know anything.”
  10. 10. • Feb 1960, Commercial Treaty with the Soviet Union • Nationalized industry, combination of organic agriculture
  11. 11. • “There is often talk about human rights, but it is also necessary to talk about human rights. Why should some people go barefoot, so others can travel in luxury cars? Why are people living in thirty-five years, so that others may live seventy years? Why are miserably poor accuracy, so that others can be extremely rich? I say represents the world's children who do not have a piece of bread. I speak on behalf of those who have no pain medication, who have the right to life and human dignity has been denied.” -Fidel Castro's Message to the United Nations General Assembly, 1979-
  12. 12. • “Castro first and most important is always going to be an equal commitment. He despises any system in which one class or group of people to live better than others. He wanted a system that provides the basic needs for all-sufficient food, health care, adequate housing and education.” • The main emphasis is placed on education • Care centers are opened • Reducing homelessness • Building social infrastructure
  13. 13. Leading Principles of Fidel Castro
  14. 14. • 1. Focusing , connecting to the proletarian masses . ( combine the strength of masses / populace ) to defeat the dictatorship
  15. 15. • 2. Wisdom of a group is better than the wisdom of one person ( we need a group of commanders ) .
  16. 16. 3. Subordinates must be loyal his commanders ( serve for accomplishing a goal ) .
  17. 17. 4. Commanders must be a mirror for those subordinates to follow
  18. 18. • 5. Everyone ( include commanders ) must self-criticize ( mistakes ) • 6. There must be a discipline in the military .
  19. 19. How Fidel Castro understood / connect to the populace
  20. 20. 1. Connect to the proletarian masses . 2 . Make a propaganda about the Batista dictatorship 3 . Unify the Socialism ideology / revolution with the populace 4 . Empower the importance of the masses with the revolution . Without masses , there is no leaders .
  21. 21. Effectiveness of your leader . Che Guevara (born June 14, 1928, Argentina 1967, Bolivia), . Theoretician and tactician of guerrilla warfare . Prominent communist figure in the Cuban Revolution (1956– 59), and later guerrilla leader in South America. . Military advisor of Fidel Castro
  22. 22. • Date : December 28, 1958 - January 1, 1959 • Location : Santa Clara, Cuba • Result : Decisive victory for the 26th of July Movement. Final defeat of Batista government. Batista flees Cuba. The Battle of Santa Clara
  23. 23. • The Cuban Revolution leadership (the Castro Brothers, Ché Guevara, Camilo Cienfuegos and others) . • He sent three small armies into the interior, commanded by Jaime Vega, Camilo Cienfuegos and Ché Guevara. • In December, Guevara and his force moved into position to assault the key strategic city of Santa Clara . Background
  24. 24. • Guevara’s attack looked suicidal. Force Disposition :
  25. 25. • He was outgunned, out-supplied and outnumbered ten-to-one. • Batista’s men were demoralized while the rebels were fired up • The population of Santa Clara for the most part supported the insurgents. Comments :
  26. 26. • Guevara and his men were met by some of Batista’s soldiers and one of the tanks . • Some rebels were killed and others wounded. • Federal airplanes strafed the rebels. • The soldiers on the train took up positions on a hill outside of town and began shooting at the rebels as well. • The troops in the barracks did not enter the fight, however, remaining in the military compound. December 28 ( Starting )
  27. 27. • Keeping the large garrison bottled up • Neutralizing the armored train (whose soldiers had shown the most willingness to fight) • Getting the civilians of Santa Clara involved. • Result : • Some rail tracks were destroyed . Three factors accounts for success
  28. 28. • The officers inside the armored train  The barracks for protection. • The damage to the rails caused a derailment, and three of the cars overturned. • Ché struck quickly, sending his men to fire on the train and attack it with homemade Molotov cocktails. • The men inside, cooking in the heat, quickly surrendered. December 29
  29. 29. • Bazookas, machine guns, mortars, a 20mm cannon, 600 rifles ammunition • The 350 soldiers and officers on board the train were taken prisoner Result
  30. 30. • On the December 30, Ché’s men ran into a deadly firefight at the police headquarters. ( In the city , the police was afraid , the populace were tortured for supporting the rebels ) . • On the 31st, the police barracks fell and Ché and his men were in possession of the city itself, although not the military barracks. • January 1, the demoralized garrison surrendered unconditionally. December 30 – January 1
  31. 31. • Ché was fanatically loyal to Fidel Castro and when he arrived in Havana he controlled the best-equipped army in the country • Castro took command without much trouble from the others. • Castro was good at assigning tasks to his subordinates . Overview :
  32. 32. Empowering to the people being led
  33. 33. Personal and public life “fiercely hard-working, dedicated,loyal... generous and magnanimous” – (Biographer Leycester Coltman) liked to meet with ordinary citizens and took a particularly paternal attitude toward Cubans - (Biographer Peter Bourne)
  34. 34. Motivation gives encouragement to people and leaders in foreign country Fidel Castro : a symbol of anti-imperialist efforts for people around the world
  35. 35. make people believe in him and the revolution
  36. 36. Developing others • Receiving lawsuit for poor people • Speeches : corruption, injustice, poverty
  37. 37. • The measures to improve people’s life  tax  land  service(Anti-apartheid)  education  health care
  38. 38. The leader of the Venezuela’s Revolution Bolivar and Cuba’s President Fidel Castro
  39. 39. ‘Family picture’ of Raul and Fidel with the Argentine President
  40. 40. General Vo Nguyen Giap and Cuban President Fidel Castro in Hanoi (2/2003)
  41. 41. President and leader of the Cuban Revolution at an art gallery in Havana
  42. 42. Thank you for your listening !