• Feb 1959: Prime Minister of Cuba
• 2006: empower to his brother Raul Castro
• Feb 18th, 2008: retired
Raul Castro (Jun 3rd, 1931)
• Was assassinated 638 times by CIA (Feb 2011)
• “If surviving after assassinations is awared
Olympic medal, I will win the gold medal”
• 50 medal from over 40 countries -Fidel Castro-
• May 1st, 1961: Cuba was a socialist country.
• “Marxism taught me what society is. I like a
blindfolded man in a forest, who did not even
know the north or south. If you are not the last to
really understand the history of class struggle, or
at least have a clear idea that society is divided
between the rich and the poor, and some
conquered and implementation trust others, you
are lost in a forest, does not know anything.”
• Feb 1960, Commercial Treaty with the Soviet
• Nationalized industry, combination of organic
• “There is often talk about human rights, but it is also
necessary to talk about human rights. Why should some
people go barefoot, so others can travel in luxury cars?
Why are people living in thirty-five years, so that others
may live seventy years? Why are miserably poor
accuracy, so that others can be extremely rich? I say
represents the world's children who do not have a piece
of bread. I speak on behalf of those who have no pain
medication, who have the right to life and human
dignity has been denied.”
-Fidel Castro's Message to the United Nations General Assembly, 1979-
• “Castro first and most important is always going to
be an equal commitment. He despises any system in
which one class or group of people to live better than
others. He wanted a system that provides the basic
needs for all-sufficient food, health care, adequate
housing and education.”
• The main emphasis is placed on education
• Care centers are opened
• Reducing homelessness
• Building social infrastructure
• 1. Focusing , connecting to the proletarian masses . ( combine the
strength of masses / populace ) to defeat the dictatorship
• 2. Wisdom of a group is better than the wisdom of one
person ( we need a group of commanders ) .
3. Subordinates must be loyal his commanders ( serve for
accomplishing a goal ) .
4. Commanders must be a mirror for those
subordinates to follow
• 5. Everyone ( include commanders ) must self-criticize ( mistakes )
• 6. There must be a discipline in the military .
How Fidel Castro understood / connect to the populace
1. Connect to the proletarian masses .
2 . Make a propaganda about the Batista dictatorship
3 . Unify the Socialism ideology / revolution with the populace
4 . Empower the importance of the masses with the revolution .
Without masses , there is no leaders .
Effectiveness of your leader
. Che Guevara (born June 14,
1928, Argentina 1967, Bolivia),
. Theoretician and tactician
of guerrilla warfare
. Prominent communist figure
in the Cuban Revolution (1956–
59), and later guerrilla leader in
. Military advisor of Fidel Castro
• Date :
December 28, 1958 - January 1,
• Location :
Santa Clara, Cuba
• Result :
Decisive victory for the 26th of
Final defeat of Batista government.
Batista flees Cuba.
The Battle of Santa Clara
• The Cuban Revolution
leadership (the Castro
Cienfuegos and others) .
• He sent three small armies into
the interior, commanded by
Jaime Vega, Camilo
Cienfuegos and Ché Guevara.
• In December, Guevara and his
force moved into position to
assault the key strategic city of
Santa Clara .
• Guevara’s attack looked suicidal.
Force Disposition :
• He was outgunned, out-supplied and
• Batista’s men were demoralized while the
rebels were fired up
• The population of Santa Clara for the
most part supported the insurgents.
• Guevara and his men were met by some of Batista’s
soldiers and one of the tanks .
• Some rebels were killed and others wounded.
• Federal airplanes strafed the rebels.
• The soldiers on the train took up positions on a hill
outside of town and began shooting at the rebels as
• The troops in the barracks did not enter the fight,
however, remaining in the military compound.
December 28 ( Starting )
• Keeping the large garrison bottled up
• Neutralizing the armored train (whose soldiers
had shown the most willingness to fight)
• Getting the civilians of Santa Clara involved.
• Result :
• Some rail tracks were destroyed .
Three factors accounts for success
• The officers inside the armored train The
barracks for protection.
• The damage to the rails caused a derailment,
and three of the cars overturned.
• Ché struck quickly, sending his men to fire on
the train and attack it with homemade Molotov
• The men inside, cooking in the heat, quickly
• Bazookas, machine
guns, mortars, a
20mm cannon, 600
• The 350 soldiers and
officers on board the
train were taken
• On the December 30, Ché’s men ran into a deadly
firefight at the police headquarters. ( In the city , the
police was afraid , the populace were tortured for
supporting the rebels ) .
• On the 31st, the police barracks fell and Ché and his
men were in possession of the city itself, although not
the military barracks.
• January 1, the demoralized garrison surrendered
December 30 – January 1
• Ché was fanatically loyal to Fidel Castro and
when he arrived in Havana he controlled the
best-equipped army in the country
• Castro took command without much trouble
from the others.
• Castro was good at assigning tasks to his
Personal and public life
“fiercely hard-working, dedicated,loyal... generous
and magnanimous” – (Biographer Leycester
liked to meet with ordinary citizens and took a
particularly paternal attitude toward Cubans -
(Biographer Peter Bourne)
gives encouragement to people and leaders in
Fidel Castro : a symbol of anti-imperialist
efforts for people around the world
make people believe in him
and the revolution
• Receiving lawsuit for poor people
• Speeches : corruption, injustice, poverty
• The measures to improve people’s life
The leader of the Venezuela’s Revolution Bolivar
and Cuba’s President Fidel Castro
Fidel with the
General Vo Nguyen Giap and Cuban President Fidel
Castro in Hanoi (2/2003)
leader of the
Revolution at an
art gallery in