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Outlining & Summarizing

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A powerpoint presentation based on Chapter 9 of "Reading Comprehension Skills 1", an internal publication of Unindra

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Outlining & Summarizing

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. 2 REDI WAHYU SAMWARI 201212500756 NINDY MAULIDA HERDYAN 201212500668 YUYUN WAHYUNI 201212500957
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  4. 4. OUTLINING 4
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. Reasons for Making an Outline  Helps the writing process  Identifies boundaries between topics  Helps organize important ideas  Helps present those ideas logically  Makes comparisons and contrasts easier to understand 6
  7. 7. For instance: We can organize the following European names into two groups: English and Russian. 7
  8. 8. verb adjectives nouns adverb assistance emphasize empathy emphatically efficient happy happily investigate language read assist analytically analysis analyze specially 8
  9. 9. OUTLINE 9
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  11. 11. TOPIC OUTLINE A LISTING OF TOPICS, ARRANGED ACCORDING TO SOME USEFULL AND LOGICAL ORGANIZATION. FOR EXAMPLE: I. Fiction A. Spy stories B. Historical Novels C. Love Stories II. Nonfiction A. Biographies 1.. Great Inventors 2. Military Heroes III. Science and Space explorations (1.A) The Kind of English Books I Enjoy Reading (1.b) The Kind of English Books I Enjoy Reading 11 I. Fiction A. Spy Stories B. Historical Novel II. Love Stories III. Nonfiction A. Books about great inventors B. Biographies IV. Books and Military Heroes V. Science and space exploration
  12. 12. 12 Team sport Water polo Water sport Swimming Diving Basketball Individual sport Golf Football Skiing I. Team sport A. Basketball B. Football II. Water sport A. Water polo B. Swimming C. Diving II. Individual sport A. Golf B. Skiing THE SORT OF SPORT ANSWER
  13. 13. GUYS…… DO YOU KNOW? WHAT IS SENTENCE OUTLINE? GUYS…… DO YOU KNOW? WHAT IS SENTENCE OUTLINE? 13
  14. 14. SENTENCE OUTLINE - FORM - SYSTEM OF IDENTING - NUMBERING - LETTERING ONLY DIFFERENCE EACH IDEA EXPRESSED AS COMPLETE SENTENCE SIMILAR TO TOPIC OUTLINE 14
  15. 15. FOR EXAMPLE ENGLISH I. Why is English very important? A. As a young generation we have to be able to speak English. 1. English will help us to get a Job. 2. English makes us confident . B. English is an international language. 1. English is one of skills required for going overseas. 2. Speaking English is a must to be a international citizen. II. How do we learn English? A. Learning English by listening and speaking. 1. Studying English by listening to English songs. 2. Make English conversations with your partners everyday. B. Learning English by reading and writing. 15
  16. 16. EXERCISE HAWAII IS FILLED WITH MANY WONDERS 1.The pleasant climate is caused by the northeast trade wind. 2.First, there is climate. 3.Second, there are the mountains. 4.The average temperature is 77o . •The mountains are high forested with many materials. •The mountains are close to ocean. •The highest temperature ever recorded is 88o . •The mountains are close to ocean. 16
  17. 17. Summarizing 17
  18. 18. Summary What is a summary ? - A brief statement of important points of a text in key words. - Use own words / ideas. - No personal opinion given. - Leave out dialogues, details, idioms, etc. 18
  19. 19. Summarize when:   •You want to establish a background or offer an  overview of a topic. •You  want  to  describe  common  knowledge  (from several sources) about a topic. •You  want  to  determine  the  main  ideas  of  a  single source. 19
  20. 20. 20 Summary Objectives: to - 1. select and retrieve relevant information from the text. 2. use the information given in the passage. 3.paraphrase/lift intelligently and effectively. 4.organize the points / information. 5. summarize the points accurately .
  21. 21. Children have been known to influence either directly or indirectly what a family purchases. A infant, of course, has a special food and clothing needs that affect what parents purchase. Older children (ages 5 to 10) more directly influence their parents’ choice of food, particularly breakfast cereals. Some parents blindly allow their children to purchase whatever breakfast product they have seen advertised on television. for examplefor example 21 The answer is: I. Children’s influence on purchasing. A. Infant-special food and clothing needs B. Children (ages 5 to 10) influence on purchase of breakfast cereals.
  22. 22. 22 exerciseexercise The scientific method involves three significant steps. You begin by collecting data that will help answer a specific question. Second, having collected the data, you begin to analyze and interpret your finding. Finally, from your analysis you form a hypothesis or possible explanation. I. The scientific method involves three steps. A. The first, collect data. B. The second, analyze and interpret finding. C. The last, Form a hypothesis or explanation.
  23. 23. Thank You 

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