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Competency Based Language Teaching (CBLT)

A powerpoint presentation based on Chapter 13 of "Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching" by Jack C. Richards & Theodore S. Rodgers.

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Competency Based Language Teaching (CBLT)

  1. 1. WELCOME toWELCOME toPRESENTED BYPRESENTED BY20132013Competency-Based Language Teaching(CBLT)Merryana Christiani 201012500982Teaching English as a ForeignTeaching English as a ForeignLanguageLanguage
  2. 2. Background
  3. 3. CBE Described by Schenk 1978
  4. 4. CBLT Movement
  5. 5. Approach : Theory of Language and Learning of CBLT
  6. 6. Design : Objectives, Syllabus, Learning activities, Roleof Learners, Teachers and Materials Syllabus according to R. Docking (1994) Start with field of knowledge Subject based content and syllabus Objectives Assessment based on norm referencing Receiving marks for performances
  7. 7.  CBLT Designed not around the notion of subject knowledge but around the notion ofcompetency Focuses on what students can do with language not what they know aboutlanguage Competency consists of knowledge attitudes, behaviors, for real tasks andactivities
  8. 8. Explanation about relation between competencies and jobperformanceDocking (1994: 11)A unit of competency• a role, function, task or learning module• Change over time, show difference from context to context• An element of competency any quality or characteristic of an individualspecific knowledge, attitudes, thinking process, perceptual and physicalskills independent of context and time building blockTollefson (1986)• Observed that the analysis of jobs don’t develop teaching objectives, they go back to thenineteenth century.
  9. 9. Auerbach in 1986 Provides Eight key featuresof CBE programs in ESLA focus on successful functioning in societyA focus on life skillsTask-or performance-centered orientationModularized instructionOutcomes that are made explicit a prioriContinuous and on going assessmentDemonstrated mastery of performance objectivesIndividualized, student-centered instruction
  10. 10. Procedure
  11. 11. Spoken & Written English have 4 stagesof Competencies1.Knowledge and Learning Competencies2.Oral Competency3.Reading Competency4.Writing Competency
  12. 12. ConclusioConclusionn Embraced with enthusiasm Criticized practically and philosophically No valid procedures available Impossibility of applying needed competencies (adultliving, survival, functioning proficiently in the community) CBLT Perspective CBLT Appearance “It can confidently be said, as we enter a new millennium,that the business of improving learning competencies andskills will remain one of the world’s fastest growingindustries and priorities”.
  13. 13. English is a difficult language------ for someA few days ago, Prime Minister Mori was given some Basic English conversationtraining before he visits washington and meets president Barack Obama.The instructor told Mori Prime Minister, when you shake hand with PresidentObama, please say “how are you?”.Then Mr Obama should say, “I am fine, and you?”Now you should say “me too”Afterwards we, translator, will do the work for you.It looks quite simple, but the truth is.....When Mori met Obama, he mistakenly said “who are you? (Instead of “How are you?”)Mr Obama was a bit shocked but still managed to react with humor: “Well, I’mMichelle’s husband, ha-ha...”Then Mori replied “Me too, ha-ha...”Then there was a long silence in the meeting room.