Reading metacognition

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A presentation done by
Jackeline Bartholomew
Ronald Granger
Bernicia Lyons
Frankson Marshall
Petra Mitchell
Jennifer Peterkin
Rachelle Stiell
on metacognition in the context of reading.

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Reading metacognition

  1. 1. Metacognition in reading
  2. 2. Metacognition focus <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Significance in learning & in reading </li></ul><ul><li>Metacognition in use </li></ul><ul><li>Metacognitive strategies (examples) </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Questions & Comments </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is metacognition?
  4. 5. What is metacognition? <ul><li>“ the awareness and knowledge of one’s mental processes such that one can monitor , regulate and direct them to a desired goal.” (Harris and Hodges, 1995) </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>In reading, metacognition is knowing </li></ul><ul><li>what is already known </li></ul><ul><li>when an understanding of new material has been accomplished </li></ul><ul><li>how that understanding was reached </li></ul><ul><li>why something is or is not known </li></ul>
  6. 7. The importance of metacognition in learning <ul><li>Well developed metacognitive learners: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>accurately assess why they succeed in learning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think about inaccuracies when failure occurs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>expand repertoire of strategies for learning. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>- Match strategies to the learning task, and make adjustment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are confident </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask for guidance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take time to think </li></ul></ul><ul><li>-View themselves as continual learners and thinkers. </li></ul>
  8. 9. The importance of metacognition in reading <ul><li>Readers using metacognition will </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize reading strategies they use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Know which word recognition skill to apply when reading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read actively </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><ul><li>Guide and monitor understanding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquire knowledge meaningfully </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjust reading strategies to maximize comprehension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predict further content in text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think critically and logically </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Using metacognition in Math <ul><li>Mathematical Problem Solving entails </li></ul><ul><ul><li>stating a plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>clarifying task requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reviewing progress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>recognizing error </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>detecting new development. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Using metacognition in reading <ul><li>When used </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Before </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is involved </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self regulation </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Before / Pre-reading activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>skimming text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>formulating questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Activate prior knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>During reading activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>self questioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applying fix up strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mental imaging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>After reading activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summarizing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Making story map </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Making inferences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Knowledge includes awareness of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>self as a learner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>task demands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>relations between text, prior knowledge, and reading strategies and reading comprehension; </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Self-regulation includes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>combining metacognitive knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>monitoring understanding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>identifying and remediating causes of comprehension failures </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Metacognitive strategies or examples in reading <ul><li>Think aloud </li></ul><ul><li>Rereading and reading on </li></ul><ul><li>Scanning </li></ul><ul><li>Tapping into prior knowledge </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>Monitoring reading </li></ul><ul><li>Predicting </li></ul><ul><li>Applying fix up strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Prereading </li></ul><ul><li>Visualizing </li></ul><ul><li>Figuring out unknown words </li></ul>
  19. 20. Facilitating metacognition <ul><li>Metacognitive interview form </li></ul><ul><li>Reminder card </li></ul>Reminder card My thoughts in reading Did I make a summary after reading?
  20. 21. Conclusion <ul><li>Metacognition is like a salad </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A reader- controlled strategy used before, during and after reading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge and self regulation mix to facilitate reading comprehension (metacomprehension) </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Questions??? Comments…

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