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Elements of Short Story

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For Grade 9 English

Published in: Education
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Elements of Short Story

  1. 1. Prepared by: Ms. Diza Lingat
  2. 2. Elements of Short Story Prepared by: Ms. Diza Lingat
  3. 3. 1. Setting • The time and location in which a story takes place. Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story place time weather conditions social conditions Greek term “opsis” (Scene or spectacle) - a particular visible setting in literature.
  4. 4. 2. Character • There are two meanings for the word character: 1. The person in a work of literature; 2. The characteristics of a person. Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story Characters are the persons represented in a work of literature. They possess moral, intellectual, and emotional qualities. We learn about a character by examining 5 areas: 1. what he says (dialogue) 2. what he thinks 3. what he does (actions) 4. what is said about him by other characters and the narrator 5. an author's direct statement Motivation is the reason behind a character’s behavior; it’s what drives a complex character to think and act in a certain way.
  5. 5. 2. Character Kinds of Characters 1. Protagonist (hero or heroine) - The main character in a plot, on whom our interest is centered. 2. Antagonist – The person or force that opposes the main character. **If the antagonist is evil or capable of cruel actions, he/she is called villain. Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story
  6. 6. 2. Character Other Kinds of Characters 1. Round Character – has many sides and complex personalities; capable of surprising the reader. 2. Flat Character – personalities that are presented only briefly and not in depth. 3. Dynamic – changes by the end of the story. 4. Static – they never change, often stereotyped. Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story
  7. 7. 3. Plot It is the sequence of events in a story or play. Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story Planned Logical With unity of action
  8. 8. 3. Plot Five parts of a plot: Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story The beginning of the story where the characters and the setting is revealed.
  9. 9. 3. Plot Five parts of a plot: Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story This is where the events in the story become complicated and the conflict in the story is revealed.
  10. 10. 3. Plot Five parts of a plot: Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story This is the highest point of interest and the turning point of the story. The reader wonders what will happen next; will the conflict be resolved or not? Climax as a three-fold phenomenon: 1) The main character receives new information 2) Accepts this information 3) Acts on this information
  11. 11. 3. Plot Five parts of a plot: Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story The events and complications begin to resolve themselves. The reader knows what has happened next and if the conflict was resolved or not
  12. 12. 3. Plot Five parts of a plot: Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story This is the final outcome or untangling of events in the story.
  13. 13. 4. Conflict • It is the opposition of forces which ties one incident to another and makes the plot move. Two Types of Conflicts: Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story 1. External 2. Internal 1. Human vs. Human 2. Human vs. Nature 3. Human vs. Society 4. Human vs. Self
  14. 14. 5. Point of View • The angle or perspective from which the story is told. Types of Points of View: Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story 1. First Person 2. Second Person 3. Third Person First Person The narrator is a character in the story, often times, the protagonist.
  15. 15. 5. Point of View • The angle or perspective from which the story is told. Types of Points of View: Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story Stream of Consciousness The story is told so that the reader feels as if they are inside the head of one character and knows all their thoughts and reactions.
  16. 16. 5. Point of View • The angle or perspective from which the story is told. Types of Points of View: Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story 2. Second Person (“you”) It is most often used in training manuals, role-playing games and Choose Your Own Adventure novels.
  17. 17. 5. Point of View • The angle or perspective from which the story is told. Types of Points of View: Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story 3. Third Person The story is told using a narrator who is located outside of the action of the story and uses third person pronouns such as “he”, “she”, “his”, “her”, “they”.
  18. 18. 5. Point of View • The angle or perspective from which the story is told. Types of Points of View: Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story 3. Third Person a. Omniscient Third Person b. Limited Ominiscient c. Objective
  19. 19. 5. Point of View • The angle or perspective from which the story is told. Types of Points of View: Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story a. Omniscient Third Person “all-knowing” The narrator can move from character to character, event to event, having free access to the thoughts, feelings and motivations of any character and can introduce information where and when he or she chooses
  20. 20. 5. Point of View • The angle or perspective from which the story is told. Types of Points of View: Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story b. Limited Omniscient The story is told by a third person narrator but from the viewpoint of a character in the story, usually the main character or protagonist. The reader has access to the thoughts and feelings of only one character.
  21. 21. 5. Point of View • The angle or perspective from which the story is told. Types of Points of View: Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story c. Objective Third Person The author tells the story in the third person. It appears as though a camera is following the characters, going anywhere, and recording only what is seen and heard. No interpretations offered.
  22. 22. 6. Theme The theme in a piece of fiction is its controlling idea or its central insight. It is the author's underlying meaning or main idea that he is trying to convey. Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story
  23. 23. Prepared by: Ms. Diza LingatElements of Short Story Prepare for an assessment.

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