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Justin's Project


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General Paper Project on Media in Australia

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Justin's Project

  1. 1. Country we were assigned: Group Member: Lim Yu-De Justin Tan Xiang Cheng Benjamin
  2. 2. <ul><li>Censorship  is the use of state power or public body or individual to control freedom of expression. </li></ul><ul><li>Censorship 'criminalizes' some actions or the communication (and suggested communications) of actions. </li></ul><ul><li>In a modern sense censorship consists of any attempt to suppress information, points of view, or method of expression such as art, or profanity. </li></ul>What is censorship?
  3. 3. <ul><li>Many points of view. </li></ul><ul><li>Censorship is to prevent any sort of widespread challenge to or disbelief in the endless propaganda that governments always spew, but never more so than during a time of war. </li></ul><ul><li>It is to ensure that the government's version of the &quot;truth&quot; -- that is, the government's never-ending propaganda campaign -- maintains a monolithic grip over the majority of information that reaches the public. ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of censorship is to maintain the status quo, to control the development of a society, or to stifle dissent among a subject people. ( http://www. sourcewatch .org/index. php ?title=Censorship ) </li></ul>Why censorship exists?
  4. 4. Australia’s media is owned by a mixture of government, public services and commercial owned entities. <ul><li>Australian television broadcasting is dominated by free-to-air services including ABC TV, Seven Network, Nine Network, Network Ten, SBS TV and their affiliates, as well as subscription television providers Foxtel, Austar and SelecTV. </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership of these stations and affiliates is mostly shared between PBL Media, Seven Media Group, CanWest Global, WIN Corporation,Macquarie Media Group and Prime Television Limited.  </li></ul><ul><li>Only ABC Television and SBS Television are government owned stations. </li></ul><ul><li>12 capital city and daily papers, seven are owned by Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation and three by John Fairfax Holdings. The West Australian and the Canberra Times are the only independently owned dailies. </li></ul><ul><li>The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) and the Special Broadcasting Service (SBS). Both broadcast on free-to-air television, radio and online  </li></ul><ul><li>They are both owned by the Australian Government. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Regulations Regulation of the media in Australia is limited to a narrow range of specific areas. The Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) is the broadcasting regulator for radio and television in Australia, and also the co-regulatory Online Content Scheme. Consumers who have complaints about programs on television and radio or certain types of content on the Internet can apply to the ACMA. The Commercial Television Code of Practice is a set of regulatory guidelines, of which commercial television broadcasters should comply. The Australian Press Council is the self regulatory body of the print media. The Council deals with complaints from the public about editorial material in newspapers and magazines published in Australia, and aims to maintain the freedom of the press.
  6. 6. Implications of censorship <ul><li>Reduction in freedom of speech </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer dissatisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Government propaganda </li></ul><ul><li>Stifles public expressions of views </li></ul><ul><li>Information is suppressed </li></ul><ul><li>Information is made less reliable due to editing </li></ul>
  7. 7. How the internet has been censored ™ How the Internet has been censored In Australia, the Communications Legislation Amendment (Crime or Terrorism Related Internet Content) Bill implemented in 2007 empower the federal police to alter the &quot;blacklist&quot; of sites that are currently prohibited by the Australian Communications and Media Authority. Privacy groups have already criticized the legislation as an attack on free speech. ( )
  8. 8. Conclusion In conclusion, media is often controlled directly or indirectly by at least one form of governmental body. This has both advantages and disadvantages. While the government may exert their power to regulate and remove unsuitable or harmful content such as profanities and pornography, they are also able to use the same power to increase their influence over the country to consolidate their own power through propaganda. In the case of Australia, the media is mainly a mode through which the government regulates online information and removes anything that defames the government.
  9. 9. Internet censorship <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>http: //nocleanfeed .com/ </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. aph . gov . au/library/intguide/sp/censorship_ebrief . htm </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>http://en. wikipedia . org/wiki/Internet_censorship_in_Australia </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>