Women at the Raising of Lazarus

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Women at the raising of Lazarus -- before and after Constantine.

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  • Jonas sarcophagus, dated 280 in the Vatican Museum plaque.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Though you cannot see it in the angle of this photo, all three women wear long skirts. Jonas sarcophagus, dated 280, Vatican Museum.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Though you cannot see it in the angle of this photo, all three women wear long skirts. Jonas sarcophagus, dated 280, Vatican Museum.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Though you cannot see it in the angle of this photo, all three women wear long skirts. Jonas sarcophagus, dated 280, Vatican Museum.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Jonas sarcophagus, dated 280 in the Vatican Museum plaque.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Though you cannot see it from this angle, Martha wears a long skirt. “Jonas Sarcophagus,” Vatican Museum.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Though you cannot see it from this angle, Martha wears a long skirt. “Jonas Sarcophagus,” Vatican Museum.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Though you cannot see it from this angle, Martha wears a long skirt. “Jonas Sarcophagus,” Vatican Museum.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Jonas sarcophagus, dated 280 in the Vatican Museum plaque.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Left image from the Jonas sarcophagus, dated 280 in the Vatican Museum plaque.
    Right image from the “Via Salaria Sarcophagus” dated late third century, also in the Vatican Museum.
    Photo copyrights: Kateusz
  • Though you cannot see it from this angle, Martha wears a long skirt. “Jonas Sarcophagus,” Vatican Museum.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Scene identified from the museum plaque; sarcophagus of “Two Brothers.” Vatican Museum, dated 325-350. The little corpse of Lazarus is lost from this “tomb.” Perhaps it is a different scene of Jesus and Mary . . . at HIS tomb. Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Vatican Museum. Fourth-century dating from museum plaque.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Vatican Museum. Fourth-century dating from museum plaque.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Vatican Museum. Fourth-century dating from museum plaque.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Vatican Museum. Fourth-century dating from museum plaque.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Vatican Museum. Fourth-century dating from museum plaque.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Vatican Museum. Fourth-century dating from museum plaque.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Vatican Museum. Fourth-century dating from museum plaque.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Vatican Museum. Fourth-century dating from museum plaque.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • The little corpse of Lazarus is lost from this “tomb.” Scene identified from the museum plaque; sarcophagus of “Two Brothers.” Vatican Museum, dated 325-350.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • “Jonas Sarcophagus,” Vatican Museum, dated 280.
    Photo copyright: Kateusz
  • Women at the Raising of Lazarus

    1. 1. Disappearing Women at the Raising of Lazarus
    2. 2. The Raising of Lazarus, John 11:1-45 Now Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus. - John 11:5 (RSV) Then Mary, when she came where Jesus was and saw him, fell at his feet. - John 11:32a (RSV)
    3. 3. The “Jonas sarcophagus” in the Vatican Museum, dated around 280, has the earliest scene of the Raising of Lazarus on a sarcophagus.
    4. 4. Jesus, in the center, points at Lazarus, who is wrapped in a shroud in the doorway of his tomb.
    5. 5. Behind Jesus stands a man wearing a short toga.
    6. 6. Three women also appear to be with Jesus.
    7. 7. Mary fell at his feet.
    8. 8. A figure stands behind Mary, in the traditional place Martha is usually depicted in this scene.
    9. 9. The sculptor appears to have sculpted both women with long skirts.
    10. 10. The sculptor did not depict them with head coverings.
    11. 11. A third woman, today armless, wears a long chiton and a head covering.
    12. 12. Her clothing and her bent-knee posture suggest her lost arms may have been outspread like the Orante’s.
    13. 13. The sculptor depicted three men and three women.
    14. 14. This sarcophagus is dated late third century. Very few third-century sarcophagi exist.
    15. 15. Other scenes of the raising of Lazarus are dated in the early fourth century-- after Constantine. In these later scenes, however, two of the women disappear.
    16. 16. On a fourth-century sarcophagus, only Mary remains.
    17. 17. She always wears a head covering.
    18. 18. And, she seems to shrink.
    19. 19. Back to the same scene before Constantine . . .
    20. 20. Art as Text By Ally Kateusz In honor of Elizabeth A. Clark

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