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Ramadan and fasting - a guide for schools and learning institutes


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Advice and guidance for students and teachers who may be fasting during, or outside, the month of Ramadan. This guide has been developed by Discover Islam and regional councils of mosques.

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Ramadan and fasting - a guide for schools and learning institutes

  1. 1. Fasting in Ramadan EDUCATION GUIDE Developed by
  2. 2. OVERVIEW WHY FAST? What is Ramadan? What should we know about it as students or teachers? DAY IN THE LIFE STUDENTS INSIGHT TEACHERS GUIDE
  3. 3. What is Ramadan? 9th month of the Islamic calendar ONE month of daily fasting from Dawn to Sunset 3am 9pm Ramadan begins and ends based on moon sighting. The lunar calendar is 10 days shorter than our normal year, hence it changes every year. 3 Every healthy Muslim should fast except those who are: - traveling long distances - pregnant women or those in menstruation - elderly or minor (under the age of puberty) although they may participate if they would like to.
  4. 4. 4 Fasting from Food Water Intimate relations Arguments Swearing = Clears the mind and brings focus What is fasting? Recommended throughout time, hence fasting exists in many faith communities
  5. 5. 5 Reflection leading to gratitude To the One who created us, feeds us and sustains us What is Islam?
  6. 6. 6 A guide for life from the One who knows us best What’s the Qur’an? Revealed in Ramadan to the final Messenger, Prophet Muhammad
  7. 7. 7 The results will be presented on the Day of Judgement What’s our purpose? This life is a test to see who opts to live a good life, according to the supplied guidance
  8. 8. Student insights
  9. 9. 9 A typical schoolday 3:00 Wake | Wash | Eat meal before dawn | Pray | Sleep 8:00 Prepare for school 13:30 Afternoon prayer during the lunch break 16:00 Return home from school 16:00 Go to mosque to read the Qur’an | Late afternoon prayer | Refresh with a nap 21:00 Break fast with an evening meal normally with the family Pray the evening prayer 22:45 Optional night prayer at mosque praying up to 30 units of prayer until about 23:45
  10. 10. 10 Ramadan and exam times The month of Ramadan coincides with academic exams and tests from 2018-2020. Also, Eid in 2021 will fall in KS2 test week. Statutory tests in primary schools also coincide with Ramadan in the UK.
  11. 11. 11 Top tips while fasting Avoid strenuous physical activities especially if the weather is warm. Sleep well Drink lots of water before and after the fast Eat balanced meals before and after the fast
  12. 12. 12 Succeed in your learning & exams Your revision routine may change in Ramadan to factor in enough revision and rest time. Check your exams dates and times. Then set alarms in advance to get into the routine of waking in time. If you find your mind wandering or you’re feeling sleepy, you could try getting some fresh air. You might feel like you’re missing out on the spiritual benefits of Ramadan because you don’t have time for extra prayers, Quran recitation or charitable work. Educating yourself is also an important part of Islam and this is the best time to pray and ask Allah for help in your studies. Revise with good intentions: to increase your knowledge and to make your teachers and loved ones proud of you. And remember that sometimes small gestures are most valuable. Is there any better charity than helping out your friends and classmates during this stressful time?
  13. 13. 13 Dua (prayer) to help with learning ‫ِي‬‫ن‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ‫َا‬ِ‫مب‬ ‫ِي‬‫ن‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ف‬ْ‫ن‬‫ا‬ َّ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ل‬‫ال‬ ‫ًا‬‫م‬ْ‫ل‬ِ‫ع‬ ‫ِي‬‫ن‬ْ‫د‬ِ‫ز‬ َ‫و‬ ‫ِي‬‫ن‬ُ‫ع‬َ‫ف‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ي‬ ‫َا‬‫م‬ ‫ِي‬‫ن‬ْ‫م‬ِّ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫و‬ Translation of the meaning: “O Allah, benefit me with what You have taught me, and teach me that which benefits me, and increase me in knowledge.” - Recorded in the collection of Sahih Ibn Majah 1/47 Transliteration: Allaahum-manfa’nee bimaa ‘allamtanee wa ‘allimnee maa yanfa’unee wa zidnee ‘ilmaa The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) taught us this short dua to help with learning
  14. 14. Teachers guidance
  15. 15. Involve and consult your families & local community
  16. 16. 16 How some schools are making accessible arrangements Provide students with a supervised, quiet space to rest over the lunch period. Those on free school meals are still entitled to a meal. Schools should consider putting a bag together for students to take home. Educational leaders may consider the possible impact fasting and late night prayers during Ramadan may have when setting dates for other activities, such as sports days, trips and celebrations. Schools may wish to plan alternative, less strenuous activities during PE or grant exemptions for some fasting pupil if appropriate. Any students not fasting for health reasons, particularly girls on their period, should be provided with a space or area to eat where they feel comfortable.
  17. 17. 17 The morning Eid prayer •  The end of Ramadan is marked by the Eid ul-Fitr celebration. •  The moon sighting marking the end of the month may land on a school exam day. •  In order to facilitate the morning Eid prayer, some schools are arranging a prayer on-site so students can make their exams without missing the prayer.
  18. 18. For further information, please visit