Jiří Zounek, Petr Sudický:Heads in the Cloud: Pros and Cons of Online Learning


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Jiří Zounek, Petr Sudický:Heads in the Cloud: Pros and Cons of Online Learning

  1. 1. Heads in the Cloud: D i Faculty of Arts Heads in the Cloud: Pros and Cons of Online Learning Jiří Zounek, Petr Sudický http://www.phil.muni.cz/ i s C o 2 0 1 3
  2. 2. Czech Republic
  3. 3. Masaryk University • founded on 28 January 1919 as the second Czech university • over 43,300 students
  4. 4. • Jiří Zounek associate professor at the Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University (e-learning, history of Czech schooling in the 20th century) http://zounek.cz/ • Petr Sudický e-learning administrator and consultant at the Faculty of Arts + PhD student at the Department of English and American Studies, Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University sudicky@phil.muni.cz
  5. 5. At the very start ...of considering pros and cons of using online tools to foster teaching and learning... ... it is important to assess whether the selected technology... it is important to assess whether the selected technology solutions can be applied effectively enough ... ... given the proposed learning outcomes, content and context of the learning situation, as well as the needs and abilities of the actual people actively involved in the learning process.
  6. 6. • E-learning practices cannot be mechanically transferred from one context to another Coping with the essential question: Why bother...? from one context to another • Differences in (educational) traditions, and geographical conditions
  7. 7. • Diverse institutional contexts and settings (traditional university, open university, secondary school, vocational Coping with the essential question: Why bother...? university, open university, secondary school, vocational training, etc.) • There are no advantages and disadvantages of online learning that could be perceived as generally valid
  8. 8. Ideas drawn from a recent book: ZOUNEK, J. a SUDICKÝ, P. E-learning: Teaching and learning with online technologies (Prague: Wolters Kluwer, 2012)
  9. 9. Methodology • Comprehensive content analysis of available sources (both local and foreign/international) • Original empirical research • university students and e-learning • ICTs in teacher practices • More about research outcomes www.zounek.cz
  10. 10. Online learning tools: Student view Advantages • quick access of resources • Disadvantages • technology costs •• quick information retrieval • easy storing, editing, and archiving of study materials • learning anywhere and anytime • personalization, flexibility, and adaptability of learning • internet connection costs • insufficient competencies of using various ICT tools • general negative attitudes towards technology
  11. 11. Online learning tools: Student view Advantages • knowledge sharing and active collaboration Disadvantages • clash between the tool used and individual learning style • fostering ICT competencies • time and resource savings • enhanced communication opportunities • lack of motivation and self-organization • information/content overload • plagiarism, electronic cheating • distraction and health problems
  12. 12. Online learning tools: Teacher view Advantages • creating, archiving, distributing, and innovating study materials Disadvantages • insufficient competencies of using ICTs in general • managing and analysing student learning processes • fostering communication • joining with external participants (experts, professionals) online • speed of innovation and change • hindering FTF communication • unsuitability of using ICTs for particular subjects/topics
  13. 13. Online learning tools: Teacher view Advantages • cooperative teaching practices, off-campus collaboration Disadvantages • unclear ideas about pedagogical application of online technologies • further learning and professional development • joining professional communities • applying innovative pedagogies • demanding and time-consuming nature of material preparation • technical failures / dependence on technical equipment/support • plagiarism
  14. 14. Research evidence Project University Students – the Dawn of a “Digital Generation”? (a pilot study)(a pilot study) – presented at European Conference on Educational research (presentation) Author: Jiří Zounek
  15. 15. Research methodolgy • quantitative analysis • respondents: students of teacher training for secondary schools (Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University)schools (Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University) • questionnaire (based on results of qualitative research) • IBM SPSS 20.0 software
  16. 16. “New” drawbacks of ICT use – food for thought
  17. 17. Conclusions • In many cases, the application of online learning technologies may turn out rather ambivalent - based on the specific conditions, the same features may develop both into an advantage and amay develop both into an advantage and a disadvantage. • Considerations about the desired learning goals and objectives should always come first - technology should be viewed as a supportive framework in context where relevant.
  18. 18. • Cautious attitude towards commercials and other forms of promotion of new software products necessary. • Rushed technological innovations of education practices usually lead to unjustifiedpractices usually lead to unjustified implementation of e-learning tools. Forced "modernization" of teaching and learning for its own sake should be cautiously avoided, if possible. • Necessity of further research (basis for decision- making processes as well as well-founded e-learning solutions).
  19. 19. References (selected): • Bates, T. (2005). Technology, e-learning and distance education. London: Routledge. • Ellis, A., and Goodyear, P. (2009). Students' Experiences of E-learning in Higher Education. New York: Routledge.in Higher Education. New York: Routledge. • Fee, K. (2009). Delivering e-learning: a complete strategy for design, application and assessment. London: Kogan Page. • Zounek, J. and Šeďová, K. (2009). Učitelé a technologie: mezi tradičním a moderním pojetím. [Teachers and technologies: Between a traditional and a modern approach] Brno: Paido.
  20. 20. Thank you for your attention. Jiří Zounek, Petr Sudický zounek@phil.muni.cz sudicky@phil.muni.cz Masaryk University, Faculty of Arts, Czech Republic