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Morphology case marking

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Morphology

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Morphology case marking

  1. 1. MORPHOLOGY “Case Markings” Dini Massitoh Siti Agniah Nurul Zannah
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Case is a grammatical reflex that identifies the syntactic purpose, or role, of a noun in a given sentence. Case refers to the function of a noun or pronoun in a clause. Herman (1982) exemplities three types of English cases: Nominative, Possessive and Objective.
  3. 3. ENGLISH CASE SYSTEM NOMINATIVE I, We, You, He, She, It, They, Who POSSESSIVE (GENITIVE) My, Our, Your, His, Her, Its, Their, Whose Mine, Ours, Yours, His, Hers, Its, Theirs, Whose OBJECTIVE Me, Us, You, Him, Her, It, Them, Whom
  4. 4. • Nominative case is one of the grammatical cases of a noun or other part of speech, which generally marks the subject of a verb or the predicate noun or predicate adjective, as supposed to its object or other verb arguments. • Possessive case (genitive) is the grammatical case that marks a noun as modifying another noun. • Objective case is a nominal case that is used when a noun phrase is the object of either a verb or a preposition.
  5. 5. Example of English cases 1. She lent me her father’s car. She = the nominative case form (glossed NOM), shows that it is subject. Me = the objective case form (glossed OBJ), indicates that the pronoun is an object. Father’s = the possessive case form (glossed POSS/GEN), shows that the noun is genitive.
  6. 6. 2. He killed it. He is in the nominative case functioning as a subject. It is in the objective case as an object. 3. You gave me Nina’s book. You = in the nominative case functioning as a subject. Me = the objective case form, indicates that the pronoun is an object. Nina’s = the possessive case form, shows that the noun is genitive.

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