Conventional radiotherapy treatments are delivered with radiation beams that are of uniform intensity across the field (within the flatness specification limits). Wedges or compensators are used to modify the intensity profile to offset contour in irregularities and produce more uniform composite dose distributions such as in techniques using wedges. This process of changing beam intensity profile to meet the goals of a composite plan is called intensity modulation
IMRT refers to a radiation therapy technique in which nonuniform fluence is delivered to the patient from any given position of the treatment beam to optimize the composite dose distribution. The optimal fluence profiles for a given set of beam directions are determined through inverse planning. The fluence files thus generated are electronically transmitted to the linear accelerator, which is computer controlled, to deliver intensity modulated beams (IMBs) as calculated.