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Business model per i periodici Gold Road

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Summary:
I. Firenze University Press ID card - i tratti salienti
II. The economic playing field of a OA Journal platform - il business model della piattaforma di pubblicazione di OA peer review journal della FUP
III. Which part the university has to play in the dissemination of science? - le linee di sviluppo della FUP alla luce dell'Accesso Aperto e delle nuove sfide della divulgazione scientifica

Fulvio Guatelli (PhD) lavora alla Firenze University Press, casa editrice dell'Università di Firenze (www.fupress.com) dal 2006, assumendone la direzione nel 2015. È membro della Commissione Open Access dell’Università di Firenze.

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Business model per i periodici Gold Road

  1. 1. Open Access peer review journal Business model Fulvio Guatelli fulvio.guatelli@unifi.it Firenze University Press Biblioteche accademiche e University Press: quale cooperazione per l'editoria Open Access? Milano Convegno “Stelline” – DILL-Università di Parma www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  2. 2. Summary I.  Firenze University Press - ID card II.  The economic playing field of a OA Journal platform III. Which part the university has to play in the dissemination of science? www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  3. 3. 1. Background 1/4 www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  4. 4. 1. Background 2/4 www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  5. 5. 1. Background 3/4 www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  6. 6. 1. Background 4/4 www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017 FONTI: •  Fulvio Guatelli, Lo spazio economico di una Open Access Journal Pla5orm, in Luca Scalco (a cura di), Open Access e scienze umane. Note su diffusione e percezione delle riviste di area umanis;ca, Milano, Ledizioni 2016 (ed. digitale Open Access). •  Tab. 1 – I primi dieci gruppi editoriali al mondo per faAurato nel 2015 (Fonte: Publishers Weekly, 2015a). •  Tab. 2 – Tabella comparaLva nazioni/editori in base al PIL e al fa?urato in USD, alla popolazione e ai dipendenA (Fonte: HacheAe Livre - Les chiffres clés en 2014; Holtzbrinck (daL 2015); Publishers Weekly, 2015a, 2015b, 2015c, 2015d (daL 2014); RELX Group Annual Reports and Financial Statements 2014 (2015); The Financial Times Markets Data (daL 2015); The World Factbook 2013-14 (daL 2014 e 2015); Thomson Reuters Fact Book 2015 (2015); United States SecuriLes and Exchange Commission (2015); Wolters Kluwer Annual Reports 2014 (2015)). •  Tab. 3 – Confronto fra la spesa pubblica e privata (in USD) per il sistema dell’educazione terziaria per i paesi dell’area euro e il fa?urato (in USD) dei primi dieci gruppi editoriali al mondo (Fonte: OECD, 2014 (daL 2011); Publishers Weekly, 2015a (daL 2014); The World Factbook, 2013 (daL 2014 e 2015).
  7. 7. 2. Firenze University Press - ID card •  It was established in 2000 •  It is a publishing house belonging to the University of Florence (51,451 students / 1843 professors in 2012) •  It publishes academic books and journals in digital and paper editions •  Mixed access model: open and commercial access for both monographs and journals Catalogue and produc;on: •  1000 books and 41 journals •  100 new Atles and 64 journal issues a year www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  8. 8. 3. Economic model (roughly speaking) Books: •  80% of the production costs are covered by sponsors •  15% by book sales (university textbooks) •  5% by book sales in bookshops Academic journals: •  90% of the main production costs are covered by the owners of the journals •  10% of the main production costs are covered by APC’s www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  9. 9. 4. Access to the publications From mixed model combining Open and Toll Access to a full Open Access model •  1/2 of the books are published in full open access digital editions •  1/2 are on toll access (both paper and digital editions) •  100% of the journals in open access digital editions www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  10. 10. 5. FUP Open Access Journals •  “FUP open access library”: 41 peer review journals / 460 research books •  Platform OJS (open source platform OAI-PMH compliant) •  DOI: DataCite (CRUI agreement) •  User licenses: creative commons (CC BY / SA / NC-ND) •  STM: 16 journals •  HSS: 25 journals •  SciVersus Scopus: 11 journals •  WoS: 3 journals www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  11. 11. 6. Is it an OA journal at zero cost? No, it is not! What kinds of cost are involved? •  peer review process •  production •  dissemination •  Indexing service •  technological infrastructure •  overheads www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  12. 12. 7. Who pays for an open access journal? The business model of a FUP OA peer- reviewed journal: •  Submission/pubblication fees (author pays) •  Membership dues (learned societies) •  Institutional subsidies (University, government, foundations, companies) www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  13. 13. 8. OA Journal platform The economic playing field: the x factor What is the economic playing field of a university OA journal platform? •  Excursus: in Classical Logic, if something holds for any arbitrary element x, then we can conclude that it holds for every element (Generalization Rule) •  Our arbitrary element x is a Journal www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  14. 14. Subject Area: Agricultural and Biological Sciences •  Journal owner: italian scientific association (ITA) •  Publisher: University Press (ITA) •  Frequency: biannual •  360 pages per year •  27 items per year •  Language: ENG •  Print and digital edition •  Access: OA www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  15. 15. 9. OA Journal platform The economic playing field: bibliometrics Our journal is a hard worker: •  Publication Ethics COPE compliant: yes •  Production and access statistics COUNTER compliant: yes •  Fancy app web 2.0 compliant: yes •  Content indexing on the main indexes: yes •  SciVerse Scopus: yes •  WoS: yes Fine, but where is it in WoS? In the middle! It is not at the top of the list, or the bottom www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  16. 16. 10. OA Journal platform The economic playing field: Small/Big fish How much does the arbitrary element x cost? Small fish publisher: < 1 million (euro) revenue •  Case1 - Membership dues model: 7.000,00 euro per year •  Case 2 - APC’s model: 260,00 euro per article Big fish publisher: 1 < 10 billion (euro) revenue •  Case 1 - Membership dues model: 30.000,00 euro per year •  Case 2 - APC’s model: 1200,00 euro per article www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  17. 17. 11. OA Journal platform. The economic playing field: the economic Delta (Δ) Δ is the economic bracket for an OA journal platform, where: •  7.000,00 euro < Δ < 30.000,00 euro per year (membership dues model) •  260,00 euro < Δ < 1200,00 euro per article (APC’s model) This economic bracket really exists and is ready and waiting! www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  18. 18. 12. What part can the university play in the dissemination of science? Dramatis personae: •  (1) Research evaluation (institution and careers): - ANVUR (AERES-HCERES/ HEFCE, SHEFC, HEFCW, DELNI) -VQR 2004-2010/2011-2014 (RAE 2008/ Campagne d’évaluation 2013-2014) - ASN 2012, 2013, 2016 •  (2) New mixed tools for evaluation (bibliometrics / peer review / informed peer review) www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  19. 19. •  (3) Digital infrastructure, data set and indexes of research products (production / access / citation statistics) •  (4) quality weighted allocation of public research funding www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  20. 20. The ‘Comedìa’: •  The virtuous circle: Research → Evaluation → Reward → New research •  The certified dissemination of the products of science is the benchmark of the virtuous cycle. •  (Hp. 1) The certified dissemination of the products of science is the mission of the academic publishing of the future •  (Hp. 2) no one than universities has more interest in getting involved in academic publishing www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  21. 21. Thank you for your attention www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017
  22. 22. Open Access peer review journal Business model Fulvio Guatelli fulvio.guatelli@unifi.it Firenze University Press www.fupress.com | Milano, 17 Marzo, 2017 Biblioteche accademiche e University Press: quale cooperazione per l'editoria Open Access? Milano Convegno “Stelline” – DILL-Università di Parma

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